Symbiosis. Symbiosis. Symbioses - species living in close association Parasitism +,- parasite benefits, host harmed Commensalism +,0 or 0,0 can have positive effect for one species or for neither Mutualism +,+ both species benefit . Gopher Tortoise – Commensal Host.
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Figure 1: Hypothetical tree illustrating how vascular epiphytes in humid forests tend to partition substrates illustrating sensitivity to micro climate, particularly humidity, and associated development of the organic rooting media required by some populations.
Lyme Disease Cycle in the UK
Fungi are brown,
Worms are blue,
Protozoa are yellow
Moose and White-tailed Deer & goat
Giant ant w/o and with fungus