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The Enlightenment. The Age Of THINKING!. WHAT WOULD YOU DO?. Enlightenment. Time Period during the 18 th Century or between 1700-1799 . People were asking questions . How do we make life better?. Where did the Enlightenment Begin?. The Enlightenment began in France .

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The enlightenment

The Enlightenment

The Age

Of

THINKING!



Enlightenment
Enlightenment

  • Time Period during the 18th Century or between 1700-1799.

  • People were asking questions.

  • How do we make life better?


Where did the enlightenment begin
Where did the Enlightenment Begin?

  • The Enlightenment began in France.

  • Philosophes were French Thinkers who came up with new ideas.

  • They believed people are naturally good.

  • If people used reason to live, they would have a better life.


Impact of new ideas
Impact of New Ideas

The Enlightenment ideas in Europe strongly influenced the American and French Revolutions.

Why might new ideas inspire revolution?


Hobbes
Hobbes

  • Opposite of most Enlightened Thinkers

  • Believed people were evil and selfish.

  • Give up rights to a strong ruler.

  • Strong Ruler = Law and Order


Hobbes quote
Hobbes Quote

“It is not wisdom but authority that makes a law.”


John locke
John Locke

  • Government must protect a citizen’s Life, Liberty, and Property.

  • If government violates people’s rights, people have the right to rebel.

  • Against Absolute Rulers


Locke quote
Locke Quote

“Every man has a property in his own person. This nobody has a right to, but himself.”


Voltaire
Voltaire

  • Tolerance

  • Freedom of speech and religion


Voltaire quote
Voltaire Quote

  • “I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it.”


Montesquieu
Montesquieu

  • Political liberty

  • Believed in democracy

  • Checks and balances


Montesquieu quote
Montesquieu Quote

“Power should be a check to power.”


Rousseau
Rousseau

  • Individual Freedom

  • People are good but are corrupted by society

  • All people are created equal

  • Social Contract: Give up some freedoms for common good.


Rousseau quote
Rousseau Quote

“Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.”


Mary wollstonecraft
Mary Wollstonecraft

  • Promoted education of women

  • Equal rights and opportunities for women

  • Women are just as smart as men!


Wollstonecraft quote
Wollstonecraft Quote

“Strengthen the female mind by enlarging it.”


Think about it
Think About It. . . .

In your opinion, which Enlightened Thinker had the most valuable ideas?

Why?


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