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Report on the Joint OECD – World Bank workshop ‘GVCs and emerging economies’. WPTGS - meeting Paris, October 6 2010 Koen De Backer. Set-up of the meeting. Session 1: GVCs in today’s economy - K. De Backer (OECD) : ‘GVCs, empirical evidence and policy challenges’

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report on the joint oecd world bank workshop gvcs and emerging economies

Report on the Joint OECD – World Bank workshop ‘GVCs and emerging economies’

WPTGS - meeting

Paris, October 6 2010

Koen De Backer

set up of the meeting
Set-up of the meeting
  • Session 1: GVCs in today’seconomy

- K. De Backer (OECD): ‘GVCs, empirical evidence and policy challenges’

- R. Kaplinsky (Open University, UK), ‘The shift to the South’

- W. Millberg (New University, US), ‘GVCS and economic/social upgrading’

  • Session 2: Industry case studies

- G. Gereffi (apparel and services), T. Sturgeon (electronics), J. Van Biesebroeck

(automotive), N. Fold (agro-food)

  • Session 3: GVCs in Asia

- S. Inomata (IDE-Jetro): ‘Asia beyond the crisis’

- P. Kowalski (OECD): ‘GVCs and the BRIICS comparative advantage’

- A. Van Assche (HEC Montreal): ‘China’s role in Asian GVCs’

  •  Session 4: Policy Panel

- M. Clara (UNIDO), H. Escaith (WTO), W. Powers (US International Trade

Commission), H. Nordas (OECD), J. Wilson (World Bank), S. Merber (GE)

integration of trade
Integration of trade

International production networks, 2005

offshore services value chain
Offshore Services Value Chain

Source: CGGC

¹Vertical Activities- Industry specific: Each industry has its own value chain. Within each of these chains, there are associated services that can be offshored. This diagram captures the industries with the highest demand for offshore services.

² This graphical depiction of vertical activities does not imply value levels. Each industry may include ITO, BPO and advanced activities.

report on the oecd workshop new metrics for gvcs

Report on the OECD workshop ‘New Metrics for GVCs’

WPTGS - meeting

Paris, October 6 2010

Koen De Backer

objective of the meeting
Objective of the meeting
  • Need for better and new data and indicators on GVCs:
    • Intermediate trade vs final trade
    • Double counting in trade figures
    • Measurement of production networks
  • New data (sources):
    • Micro-data
    • Input-Output Tables
  • Bring together academic experts and experts of international agencies, active in data collection
  • Plan of work for the next years
set up of the meeting2
Set-up of the meeting
  • Session 1: Trade in intermediates/value added

- C.Webb/N. Yamano (OECD): ‘Intermediates Trade and the BEC classification’

- M. Timmer (University of Groningen), ‘Trade in value added’

- Zhi Wang (USITC), ‘International Input-Output Table’

  • Session 2: Trade prices/unit values

- B. Wistrom (OECD): ‘Trade volumes and unit values’

- L. Fontagné (Université Paris): ‘BACI database’

- R. Kaplinsky (The Open University): ‘Impact of exports on prices’

  • Session 3: GVCs and micro-data

- G. Gereffi (Duke University): ‘GVC websites and micro-data’

- C. Altomonte (Bocconi University): ‘Micro-data and GVCs’

- S. Inomata(IDE – Jetro): ‘A new measure of propagation in GVCs’

  •  Session 4: New Data Surveys on GVCs

- T. Sturgeon (MIT): ‘US Survey on business functions’

- P. Boegh Nielsen, P. Alajaasko (Eurostat): ‘EU International Sourcing’

decomposition of gross exports
Decomposition of Gross Exports

Australia, New Zealand

Japan

EU 15

United States

EFTA

Canada

India

South Asia

Rest of East Asia

Indonesia

China

Vietnam

Thailand

Malaysia

Philippines

Hong Kong

Korea

Taiwan

Russian Federation

Brazil

Rest Latin America

Rest of the world

South Africa

EU accession countries

Mexico

World average

0

20

40

60

80

100

Share of Gross Exports

Domestic VA

Domestic VA returned

Foreign VA

Session 1: Trade in intermediates/value added

Source: US International Trade Commission

session 3 gvcs and micro data
Session 3: GVCs and micro-data

Data Sources & Analysis:

Selectory, ReferenceUSA

Databases providing company level information including NAICS codes, sales, and locations. Can use to map a firm or industry’s footprint in a state.

www.selectory.com

www.referenceusa.com

Source: www.soc.duke.edu/NC_GlobalEconomy/textiles/value.php

messages future work
Messages – Future work
  • Need for more finegrained analysis, thus need for more detailed data
    • reworking of existing data (BEC, IO, trade)…
    • Collection new data
  • To show importance and impact of GVCs for research and policy
  • Need for scaling up: international comparable work
  • Broad concept requires broad and diverse data; richness of different data sources
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