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EFA/FTI - Moldova PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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EFA/FTI - Moldova. Early Childhood Development and Early Childhood Education. Selected Country Information. Population : 4.2 million Annual Population Growth : -0.3% Poverty Rate : 29.0 vs 19.7 (ECA region) GDP per capita (US $2000 prices): $398.00 (2004) vs $2,442.80 (ECA region)

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EFA/FTI - Moldova

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Efa fti moldova l.jpg

EFA/FTI - Moldova

Early Childhood Development and Early Childhood Education


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Selected Country Information

  • Population: 4.2 million

  • Annual Population Growth: -0.3%

  • Poverty Rate: 29.0 vs 19.7 (ECA region)

  • GDP per capita (US $2000 prices):

    $398.00 (2004) vs $2,442.80 (ECA region)

  • Net Enrollment ratio: Primary level

    1990: 88.8%

    2004: 86.2%

    Social consensus on the importance of ECE – historical basis and civil society


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Education and Early Development Program of Moldova

  • To increase the rate of participation in preschool program – 75% (3-6 yr. old) and 100% (6-7 yr. olds) by 2008 and reduce differentials to 5% between locations and social groups

  • To increase access by 10% annually for children in difficult situations to quality preschool education

  • To improve the quality of early care and early education

  • To improve the system of providing ECD and training to adult care givers

  • To consolidate social partnerships and community involvement


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Estimated ECD Program Cost

  • Total Cost: US$72 million (internal and external sources)

  • EFA/FTI Grant: $13 million

    • 1st tranche: $4.4 million

    • 2nd tranche: $4.4 million

    • Financing Gap: $ 4.2 million


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Challenges of Implementing EDI in Moldova

  • Importance of Government Ownership of the process

    • Champions in the Ministry of Education and Youth: minister and deputy minister

  • Cooperative Partnerships

    • World Bank involvement as administrator

    • UNICEF as coordinator of the EFA/FTI

    • ISSA/Step By Step ground presence

    • Offord Centre for Child Studies


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Processes and Steps Taken

  • Buy-in of the Ministry and partners of the M & E principles

  • Funding and technical support

    • Trust funds and others

    • Sampling design

    • Adapting the EDI tool to be country specific

    • Pilot testing the instrument

  • Capacity Building in-country

    • Local institution or team

    • External technical support


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Long-term Challenges in Implementing EDI in Moldova

  • Sustainability

    • Longitudinal studies beyond the baseline

  • Evaluation Capacity for Monitoring

    • Evaluating and Monitoring what?

    • Outside the Ministry structure?

  • Funding and Resource Requirements

    • Availability of funds to sustain the work

  • Policy and Program Input for Evidence-based Public Policy Decisions

    • Political consideration and “fear of failure”


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