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EFA/FTI - Moldova. Early Childhood Development and Early Childhood Education. Selected Country Information. Population : 4.2 million Annual Population Growth : -0.3% Poverty Rate : 29.0 vs 19.7 (ECA region) GDP per capita (US $2000 prices): $398.00 (2004) vs $2,442.80 (ECA region)

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efa fti moldova

EFA/FTI - Moldova

Early Childhood Development and Early Childhood Education

selected country information
Selected Country Information
  • Population: 4.2 million
  • Annual Population Growth: -0.3%
  • Poverty Rate: 29.0 vs 19.7 (ECA region)
  • GDP per capita (US $2000 prices):

$398.00 (2004) vs $2,442.80 (ECA region)

  • Net Enrollment ratio: Primary level

1990: 88.8%

2004: 86.2%

Social consensus on the importance of ECE – historical basis and civil society

education and early development program of moldova
Education and Early Development Program of Moldova
  • To increase the rate of participation in preschool program – 75% (3-6 yr. old) and 100% (6-7 yr. olds) by 2008 and reduce differentials to 5% between locations and social groups
  • To increase access by 10% annually for children in difficult situations to quality preschool education
  • To improve the quality of early care and early education
  • To improve the system of providing ECD and training to adult care givers
  • To consolidate social partnerships and community involvement
estimated ecd program cost
Estimated ECD Program Cost
  • Total Cost: US$72 million (internal and external sources)
  • EFA/FTI Grant: $13 million
    • 1st tranche: $4.4 million
    • 2nd tranche: $4.4 million
    • Financing Gap: $ 4.2 million
challenges of implementing edi in moldova
Challenges of Implementing EDI in Moldova
  • Importance of Government Ownership of the process
    • Champions in the Ministry of Education and Youth: minister and deputy minister
  • Cooperative Partnerships
    • World Bank involvement as administrator
    • UNICEF as coordinator of the EFA/FTI
    • ISSA/Step By Step ground presence
    • Offord Centre for Child Studies
processes and steps taken
Processes and Steps Taken
  • Buy-in of the Ministry and partners of the M & E principles
  • Funding and technical support
    • Trust funds and others
    • Sampling design
    • Adapting the EDI tool to be country specific
    • Pilot testing the instrument
  • Capacity Building in-country
    • Local institution or team
    • External technical support
long term challenges in implementing edi in moldova
Long-term Challenges in Implementing EDI in Moldova
  • Sustainability
    • Longitudinal studies beyond the baseline
  • Evaluation Capacity for Monitoring
    • Evaluating and Monitoring what?
    • Outside the Ministry structure?
  • Funding and Resource Requirements
    • Availability of funds to sustain the work
  • Policy and Program Input for Evidence-based Public Policy Decisions
    • Political consideration and “fear of failure”
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