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Newly Elected Officials Course. “Intergovernmental Cooperation and Relationships” Thursday, February 21, 2008 Michael Foreman Governor’s Center for Local Government Services 412 565-5199 Fax: 412 565-7983 [email protected] www.newpa.com. What is Intergovernmental Cooperation? .

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Newly elected officials course

Newly Elected Officials Course

“Intergovernmental Cooperation and Relationships”

Thursday, February 21, 2008

Michael Foreman

Governor’s Center for Local Government Services

412 565-5199 Fax: 412 565-7983

[email protected]

Local Government Academy


What is intergovernmental cooperation
What is Intergovernmental Cooperation?

  • PA Constitution (Article IX-Local Government, Section 5)

  • Intergovernmental Cooperation Law

  • Municipalities Authorities Act

  • Municipalities Planning Code

  • Local Tax Enabling Act

  • Uniform Construction Code

  • Municipal Codes

Local Government Academy


Why do it
Why Do It?

  • Reduce duplication and overlap in service delivery and administration

  • Reduce Fragmentation

  • Reduce rate of cost increases - Cost Sharing

  • Improve Service – Bring greater resources to service delivery and admin

  • New Service

Local Government Academy


Why do it1
Why Do It?

  • Necessity – Meet Local and Regional Need

  • Preserve Local Autonomy

  • Economies of Scale

Local Government Academy


Who can do it
Who Can Do It?

  • Two or more municipalities, school districts, municipal authorities, planning commissions, zoning hearing boards, tax & UCC appeals boards, etc.

  • County and its Municipalities

  • State, County and Municipalities

  • State and Municipalities (COSTARS; AGILITY)

Local Government Academy


When to do it
When To Do It?

  • Mutual Interest

  • Common Concerns

  • Community of Interest – Geographic

  • Regional Focus

  • Win-Win Outcome

  • Issues NOT Personalities

  • Timing

Local Government Academy


Where to do it
Where To Do It?

  • Sharing of:

  • Personnel

  • Delivery of Services

  • Administration

  • Vehicles

  • Equipment

  • Facility

Local Government Academy


Where to do it1
Where To Do It?

  • Sharing of:

  • Professional Services

  • Joint Bidding

  • Infrastructure

  • Pooling

Local Government Academy


How to do it
How To Do It?

  • Informal Arrangement (Handshake)

  • Formal Agreement – ordinance/resolution

  • Council of Governments (COG’s)

  • Service Delivery Associations

  • Other Organizations (SPC, ALCOSAN, MAWC, Insurance Trust, etc.)

Local Government Academy


How to do it1
How To Do It?

  • Contract for Services

  • Functional Consolidation of Services

  • Establishment of Policy Board to oversee service delivery and administration and liaison to governing body

Local Government Academy


Examples
Examples

  • Cooperative Piggyback Purchasing Program

  • Shared Public Works Program – Vehicles, Equipment, Facilities

  • Shared Code Enforcement Officers

  • Regional Police Departments

  • Joint Competitive Bidding

  • Revenue Sharing (Homestead Waterfront)

Local Government Academy


How to get started
How To Get Started…

  • Start with service/program/activity that is relatively non-controversial

  • Establish policy board made up of representatives of participating municipalities to oversee administration and service delivery once commitment exists (officers, bylaws, meetings, policies, services, funding, etc.)

Local Government Academy


How to get started1
How To Get Started…

  • Have regularly scheduled meetings to discuss proposed project to be undertaken; once implemented, continue to meet to monitor progress, troubleshoot, set policy, etc.

  • Come to consensus on how to deal with personnel and administrative matters (wages, benefits, collective bargaining, adding new participants, apportion cost, liability and conflict resolution, etc.)

  • Identify start-up costs, direct/indirect ongoing operating and capital costs relative to implementation over multi-year period.

Local Government Academy


How to get started2
How To Get Started…

  • Assure there is administrative capacity to manage and oversee implementation of intergovernmental cooperative program on regular basis (payroll, recordkeeping, day-to-day operations, timely appropriation of funds, chain of command & capital purchasing)

  • Review and evaluate program/project to make improvements, changes and accommodations on regular basis

Local Government Academy


Obstacles to intergovernmental cooperation
Obstacles To Intergovernmental Cooperation

  • Inability to reach consensus or agreement on how to undertake program or distribute costs among participants (cost distribution formula, frequency of use of service, need greater than program can meet)

  • Clashing of Personalities

  • Political Rivalries

  • Parochial View

  • Historical Animosities

Local Government Academy


Obstacles to intergovernmental cooperation1
Obstacles To Intergovernmental Cooperation

  • Lack of Interest or Resistance to Change

  • Lack of Funds (including grant funds)

  • Perception of Loss of Local Control, or Autonomy of Service Provided

  • Geographic Location

  • Lack of ongoing commitment to continue

Local Government Academy


What do you think
What Do You Think?

  • Opportunities

  • Impediments

  • Case Studies

  • Greatest Need/Common Interest

  • Political Considerations

  • Fear of Giving up Authority

  • Power in Numbers

  • What does tax paying public expect or perceive?

Local Government Academy


What do you think1
What Do You Think?

  • Resistance

  • Feasibility

  • Cost Savings

  • Cost Containment

  • Essential Governmental Functions

  • Proprietary Activity

  • Collaboration/Sharing

  • Policy-Making Body Representation

Local Government Academy


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