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Chapter 4: The Age of Absolutism 1550 – 1800. Section Two: France Under Louis XIV (text pages 148 – 152). Huguenots. French Protestants of the 1500s and 1600s (p. 148). Henry IV.

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Chapter 4: The Age of Absolutism 1550 – 1800

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Chapter 4: The Age of Absolutism 1550 – 1800

Section Two:

France Under Louis XIV

(text pages 148 – 152)


Huguenots

French Protestants of the 1500s and 1600s

(p. 148)


Henry IV

Huguenot Prince who inherited the French throne in 1589… would eventually convert to Catholicism… “Paris is well worth a mass” … issued the Edict of Nantes to protect Catholics…


Edict of Nantes

law issued by French King Henry IV in 1598 giving more religious freedom to Huguenots (p. 148)

The Revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685), painting by Jan Luiken


Louis XIV

  • absolute monarch of France

  • believed in Divine Right to rule

  • said “I am the state”

  • known as “The Sun King”

  • the most famous of absolute monarchs… (p.149)


intendants

officials appointed by Louis XIV to govern the provinces, collect taxes, and recruit soldiers (p. 150)


Jean-Baptist Colbert

  • brilliant finance minister of Louis XIV

  • big on overseas colonies like “New France” in North America

  • regulated trade

  • made France the wealthiest state in Europe (p. 150)


Versailles

  • immense palace

  • home of Louis XIV

  • the most magnificent building in Europe!

    (p. 150)


levee

morning ritual during which nobles would wait upon French King Louis XIV (p. 150)


Balance of Power

distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong (p. 152)


How did Henry IV’s conversion to Catholicism help France unite?

Because he was a Huguenot, Henry IV’s conversion united France by healing the division between Huguenots and Catholics.


Why was Louis XIV “the Sun King”?

Just as the earth needs / depends upon the sun for its survival, so to France depended upon King Louis XIV for its well-being / survival! Very symbolic!


What was the purpose of Louis XIV’s extravagant palace and daily rituals?

  • Fed Louis XIV’s ego.

  • They kept the nobles busy in the king’s court instead of battling for power!


Would you have like to have been an intendant? Why / why not?


How did Louis’ actions weaken France?

Even with the genius of Colbert, there was still NOT enough income to support the huge cost of Louis XIV rule – lavish living & costly wars…

His revoking of the Edict of Nantes resulted in more than 100,000 Huguenots fleeing France – was a blow to the economy/ not there to provided various goods & services – a significant loss of labor…


Why did other European nations form alliances?

They wanted to keep the balance of power so they would NOT be dominated by France. (self-preservation through alliances)


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