Chapter 4: The Age of Absolutism 1550 – 1800. Section Two: France Under Louis XIV (text pages 148 – 152). Huguenots. French Protestants of the 1500s and 1600s (p. 148). Henry IV.
France Under Louis XIV
(text pages 148 – 152)
French Protestants of the 1500s and 1600s
Huguenot Prince who inherited the French throne in 1589… would eventually convert to Catholicism… “Paris is well worth a mass” … issued the Edict of Nantes to protect Catholics…
law issued by French King Henry IV in 1598 giving more religious freedom to Huguenots (p. 148)
The Revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685), painting by Jan Luiken
officials appointed by Louis XIV to govern the provinces, collect taxes, and recruit soldiers (p. 150)
morning ritual during which nobles would wait upon French King Louis XIV (p. 150)
distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong (p. 152)
Because he was a Huguenot, Henry IV’s conversion united France by healing the division between Huguenots and Catholics.
Just as the earth needs / depends upon the sun for its survival, so to France depended upon King Louis XIV for its well-being / survival! Very symbolic!
Even with the genius of Colbert, there was still NOT enough income to support the huge cost of Louis XIV rule – lavish living & costly wars…
His revoking of the Edict of Nantes resulted in more than 100,000 Huguenots fleeing France – was a blow to the economy/ not there to provided various goods & services – a significant loss of labor…
They wanted to keep the balance of power so they would NOT be dominated by France. (self-preservation through alliances)