The Life of Jesus. The Quest for the Historical Jesus (1906, Albert Schweitzer) 4 canonical gospels (widely accepted by the early Christian community) The Gnostic gospels (later stories, rejected). Apocrypha: books not considered canonical by certain churches or denominations.
books not considered canonical
by certain churches or denominations
Earliest references to Jesus outside of the Bible:
Josephus: Jewish Antiquities, 93 AD
Tacitus: Annals of Rome,116 AD
Historical summary outside the Bible: Jesus was a Jewish rabbi who was executed by the Roman governor Pontius Pilate for stirring up religious unrest in Jerusalem.
Peter & Paul killed
Estimated birth of Jesus (Gregorian calendar)
Jesus’ public mission begins
Rebellion & destruction of Jerusalam
0-4 AD 30 31 33 66 70 100 AD
4 evangelists: Matthew, Mark, Luke & John
* Acts of the Apostles
These are all
Hellenized Judaism in a Hellenized Roman Empire.
Widely used symbols for the 4 evangelists:
man , lion, bull, eagle