AFG HANI STAN Water issues and Accessibility. Sources of Water in Afghanistan. Primary source of water is Snow melt in the Hindu Kush Mountains With runoff peaking in early summer With few glaciers, the snow line is between 4000 to 5000 m, so there is Little permanent snow
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Traditional irrigation system: Irrigating up to 100 ha
Shallow well system: Altogether, about 6600 shallow wells irrigate about 12,000 ha
Springs:There are about 5560 springs in the country irrigating 188,000 ha.
Karez: There are 6741 karezes in Afghanistan, irrigating about 163,000 ha of land.