Essential question
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Essential Question. What were the major events of the Washington and Adams presidencies?. Washington and Congress. Task of Washington and the First Congress. To turn the Constitution into an effective government for the United States. President’s Cabinet.

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Essential Question

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Essential question

Essential Question

  • What were the major events of the Washington and Adams presidencies?


Washington and congress

Washington and Congress


Task of washington and the first congress

Task of Washington and the First Congress

  • To turn the Constitution into an effective government for the United States


President s cabinet

President’s Cabinet

  • Their task was to be advisors to the president


Secretary of state

Secretary of State

  • Thomas Jefferson


Secretary of the treasury

Secretary of the Treasury

  • Alexander Hamilton


Secretary of war

Secretary of War

  • Henry Knox


Attorney general

Attorney General

  • Edmund Randolph


Bill of rights

Bill of Rights

  • Written by James Madison

  • Ratified and put in effect in 1791


Need for money

Need for Money

  • The most important issue for the new government which began in 1789 was finding a source of revenue (money)


Hamilton s plan

Hamilton’s Plan

  • Create a national bank

  • Issue paper money

  • Encourage trade

  • Collect taxes


Opposition to the national bank

Opposition to the National Bank

  • What did the Constitution say?


Expressed power

Expressed Power?

  • Madison stated the power to create a national bank was not a power listed in the Constitution for Congress


Implied power

Implied Power?

  • Hamilton claimed Congress could create a national bank because of the necessary and proper clause found in the Constitution


Bank of the united states

Bank of the United States

  • Legislation passed by Congress in 1791

  • Signed by Washington

  • Given a 20-year charter


Whiskey rebellion

Whiskey Rebellion

  • Tax on whiskey imposed

  • Complaints by western farmers

  • Threatened tax collectors


Whiskey rebellion1

Whiskey Rebellion

  • August 1794

  • Washington sent 15,000 troops to PA to crush the Rebellion


War between france and england

War Between France and England

The U.S. tried to remain impartial


Pinckney s treaty

Pinckney’s Treaty

U.S. and Spain

Spain allowed the U.S. to use the Mississippi River and the port of New Orleans


Washington ends his presidency

Washington Ends His Presidency

Gave his farewell address

Warned against sectionalism = dividing the country into North/South or East/West


Quote george washington

Quote – George Washington

Let me now warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the spirit of party . . . The disorders and miseries, which result, gradually incline the minds of men to seek security and repose in the absolute power of an individual.”


First political parties

First Political Parties

  • Federalists

  • Democratic-Republicans


Federalists

Federalists

  • Led by Hamilton

  • Favored a strong national government

  • Supported trade and businesses


Democratic republicans

Democratic-Republicans

  • Led by Thomas Jefferson

  • Supported farmers (agrarianism)

  • Emphasized rights of states


Election of 1796

Election of 1796

Federalists – John Adams

Republicans – Thomas Jefferson


Xyz affair

XYZ Affair

France offered to accept bribes before negotiating with the United States


Election of 1800

Election of 1800

Jefferson (Republican) vs. Adams (Federalist)

Problems with the electoral college voting

Jefferson victory


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