Digital Image Processing Lecture 2: Image Types & Matlab. Prof. Charlene Tsai. Types. Four basic types of images: Binary Grayscale True color (red-green-blue) Indexed. Types - Binary. Each pixel is black or white What is the maximum storage for each pixel? Applications?.
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Digital Image Processing Lecture 2: Image Types & Matlab
Prof. Charlene Tsai
where IR, IG and IB are red, green and blue channels, respectively.
(Will discuss more possibilities later in the course)
% The image is now stored in a matrix w of
% size height x width of image hello.tif
figure;% creates a figure on the screen
Imshow(w);% display matrix as an image
pixelval on;% turns on the pixel values
figure, imshow(em,emap), pixval on;
[i,map] = imread('trees.tif');
i1 = ind2rgb(i,map);
i3 = im2bw(i,map,0.5);
Please note, class double has range [0,1], and class uint8 has range [0,255].
We perceive small changes in brightness more readily than we do small changes in colour.
Fair quality 24kb
Good quality, 47kb
High quality, 86kb
“Poor” quality 14kb
which contain the same image
according to a plotted timeline
with the desired delay between image
An example of a PGM file of type "P2" is given below