. . Exercise Physiology. The study of the effects of exercise on the body.Body\'s responses and adaptations to exercisesSystem to subcellular levelAcute (short term) to chronic (long term) adaptationsPopulation servedElite performerPeople of all ages and abilities. Historical Development. Specialized area of study mid 1960s and 1970s.Late 1800s, the use of anthropometry to measure changes in students\' development after training programs.McKenzie: Investigating effects of exercise on vari29875
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Chapter 7: Exercise Physiology and Fitness
What is exercise physiology?
What is the role of physical activity and exercise in achieving physical fitness and health?
How do you use the FITT formula to design a fitness program?
What are the contributors and deterrents
Percent Body Fat
Energy or caloric balance
of body fat
Intense fear of fatness
Altered perception of body image
Weight loss of 15% or more below minimal normal body weight
Obsession with losing increasing amounts of weight
Increasing preoccupation with food
Severe food restriction
Lower oxygen consumption
Lower pulse rate
Larger stroke volume
Lower rise in blood pressure
Slower respiration rate
Lower rate of lactic acid formation
Faster return to “normal”
Greater cardiorespiratory efficiency.
More “work” can be performed at less cost.
Improvement in fitness components.
Coordination and timing of movements are better.