The intelligent cities project report
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The Intelligent Cities Project Report. Jongwoo Han Department of Political Science Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs. Contents. Devolution of Political Authority Government Reengineering Examples of Inefficiency Policy Issues in the Information Age Basic Concepts

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The Intelligent Cities Project Report

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The Intelligent Cities Project Report

Jongwoo Han

Department of Political Science

Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs


  • Devolution of Political Authority

  • Government Reengineering

  • Examples of Inefficiency

  • Policy Issues in the Information Age

  • Basic Concepts

  • Literature Review

  • Obstacles in Informatization

  • Research Agenda

Devolution of Political Authority

  • What are the most important ingredients in democracy?

  • Michael Byron: the dispersed availability of information and communications technologies than levels of income for predicting a nation’s degree of democratization.

  • Transparency enhanced by IT and IS --> Weakening traditional political authority

Devolution of Political Authority

  • Taking Power away from National Governments  brought about by Changes in the bases of political power [empowered citizens and civic activism]

  • Example 1: Rising Civic Power empowered by Internet in Korea


Government Reengineering

  • e-Government for what? Business Process Reengineering for cost less and better Productivity

  • National Performance Review in 1993

  • Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Government Performance and Results Act (Amended in 1998) of 1993, Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994,

  • The Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996, which requires all federal payments to be made electronically by 1999.

  • Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996 (ITMRA, Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996.) – Agencies required to designate CIOs to provide leadership in the use of information technology

Examples of Inefficiency

  • $25 b for welfare, $27 b for food stamp, 30mil for Medicaid, SSA $450 b to 44.3 mil beneficiaries, $13 b for public housing

  • Red-tape: paper-based, costly, frustrating for providers and clients alike, fraud and abuse

  • Remedy: Electronic Benefit Transfer

  • Benefit: Dept of Social Service, Tulare County CA administering programs with 4500 rules six feet of document, 32 pages application at maximum, investing $3.2 m saving $108 m

  • Smart Card Project: Processing cost for

    • - a paper-based purchase transaction were $120/transaction.

    • - An Internet/credit card $58/t

    • - A proposed Internet/Intranet process model $18/t

Policy Issues in the Information Age

  • regulation, deregulation

  • intellectual property rights

  • licensing,

  • incentives,

  • export control,

  • taxation

Policy Issues in the Information Age

  • enforcement of rights and responsibilities

  • advanced research,

  • standards,

  • security,

  • privacy,

  • ethics,

Policy Issues in the Information Age

  • social processes for adoption and use of IT infrastructure

  • global labor force

  • risk management among the constellation of providers and carriers

  • (networks, content, cable, broadcast, wireless voice and data, and telephone).

Basic Concepts

  • Intelligence Ladder: Data, Information, Knowledge, Wisdom by Montviloff and Blanc

    • Data represent the level composed of all the facts or “raw materials”. For example, a survey of age, gender, education, income, party affiliations will result in data for election.

    • Information refers to the synthesis and interpretation of data that will make sense in the context of use. organized, processed and structured according to a purpose.

    • Knowledge Knowledge answers the questions what, why, where, who, when, and how so that the use of information by the researcher to make a judgment on Election campaign.

    • Finally, wisdom is continually enriched and updated knowledge. This process occurs when knowledge confronts reality.


  • Fox News (01/27/01) on Bush Admin

  • Job Approval Rating: Bush (43%), N:16%, N/A:40

  • Favorable: Bush(60%), Cheney(63%)

  • Data: Individual idea on them in different Categories

  • Information: Processes

  • Knowledge: Put these numbers in Perspectives, Context

  • No majority votes, Florida Fiasco, Divided Congress

  • Bush vs Cheney? As levels go up ?

Basic Concepts

  • Information Technology: IT covers all technologies used in the collection, processing, and transmission of information. This includes microelectronics- and optoelectronic-based technologies as well as computers, telecommunications, electronic office equipment and software products.

Literature Review

  • Transformist

  • Continuist

  • Structuralist

Obstacles in Informatization

  • the shortage of qualified personnel in all areas of information, especially those who have both technical skill and organizational experience

  • the lack of access to existing information resources

  • insufficient financial and material resources for information activities—foreign exchange shortages may constitute an “insurmountable” problem for developing countries in the import-dependent information field

Research Agenda

  • Devolution of political authority and new political system?

  • Increasing disparities between information haves and have-nots

  • Widening income gap

  • How to measure increase in the productivity by informatization

  • Comprehensive survey of diverse national information policy

  • Surveillance society

  • What are the varying social, economic, cultural and political factors affecting the IP

  • Leadership in Informatization

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