How to write a lab report dr maha al sulaimani
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How to write a lab report Dr. Maha Al- Sulaimani. Ability to write lab reports is a necessary skill in science. They need to learn to report results obtained in an experiment. Writing of a lab report is the first step towards writing a manuscript. Lab Report Format. Title Abstract

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How to write a lab report Dr. Maha Al- Sulaimani

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How to write a lab report dr maha al sulaimani

How to write a lab reportDr. Maha Al-Sulaimani


Ability to write lab reports is a necessary skill in science

Ability to write lab reports is a necessary skill in science.

  • They need to learn to report results obtained in an experiment.

  • Writing of a lab report is the first step towards writing a manuscript.


Lab report format

Lab Report Format

  • Title

  • Abstract

  • Introduction

  • Methods

  • Results

    Data & Observations (typed from lab notebook)

    6. Calculations (if any)

    7. Discussion (including error analysis)

    8. Conclusion

    9. Reference


Overview

Overview

Word limit: 2000

(not including title or references)


Title

Title

  • Straightforward and informative (not more than 15 words)

  • Enough to explain your study without going into too much detail

  • Examples:

    • Too little detail: Hematological Findings in β-thalassemia

    • Too much detail: Hematological Findings in β-thalassemia Major Patients, β-thalassemia Minor Patients and inHbSβ0- thalassemia Major Patients.

    • Just right: Hematological Findings in Different Phenotypes of β-thalassemia


Abstract

Abstract

  • Must have:

    • Explanation of research area

    • Aims

    • Main results and interpretations

    • Implications of your results for science and/or society

  • 100-150 words

    12+ marks: clear and succinct (150 words at most) summary of the aims, methods, results and conclusions of the study. Includes all the necessary information, and is well written.


  • Abstract1

    Abstract

    • Is placed before the ”real” report

    • One paragraph

    • Past tense

    • No references,abbreviations or figures

    • Maximum 250 words


    Introduction

    Introduction

    • Quick explanation of research area

    • Summary of relevant past research (and perhaps its flaws)

    • Purpose of study

    • Brief description of methods

    • Hypotheses (qualitative, quantitative)

    • 650-700 words

      20+ marks: clearly written, well structured, with evidence of relevant extra reading, flows well. Identifies the main aims, and ends with a clear outline of the study's hypotheses. Also has something novel in it, compared to the handouts that were supplied, and includes the rationale for performing the study.


    Methods

    Methods

    • Sub-sections:

      • Participants: Who?

      • Materials: What?

      • Design: How?

      • Procedure: How?

    • 250-300 words

    • Change from future tense to past tense20+ marks: contains all of the relevant information about the methods used; clearly and systematically described in such a way that a naive reader could replicate the study from this description. Correctly describes the formal design of the study.


    Results

    Results

    • What are the main findings?

    • Note: If you give numbers in tables, there is no need to repeat them in text. If you present information in a figure, give exact numbers in text as well

    • 250-300 words15+ marks: logical and clear presentation of relevant descriptive and inferential statistical results. Clear, well-labelled figures and tables, with a clear accompanying written description of what they show, in the context of the study.


    Data chart graph

    Data Chart / Graph

    • Organize your observations and measurements in a clear chart or graph


    How to write a lab report dr maha al sulaimani

    Table 1: Hematological Findings in β-thalassemia Major Patients.


    How to write a lab report dr maha al sulaimani

    Figure 10: Distribution of Hb A, F and A2 in Patients.

    (I), ii), iii) Hb A, F and A2 levels in β-thalassemia major group.

    iv) Hb A2 in β-thalassemia minor group.


    Discussion

    Discussion

    • Summary of purpose and results

    • Comparison with previous research

    • Possible faults

    • Wider implications (back up your assertions)

    • Future directions

    • Conclusions

    • 500-550 words


    Conclusion

    Conclusion

    • Were the aims achieved or not? And briefly summarise the key findings

    • Comment on how closely your measurements agree

    • Summarise the main reasons for any

      discrepancies.


    References

    References

    • Remember to use Harvard style (names and dates) and not Vancouverstyle (numbering)


    Appendix

    Appendix

    • Attach any materials you used here

      • A copy of your questionnaire

      • Your results (in handout form)

      • By-hand calculations


    Tenses tone and terminology

    Tenses, tone and terminology

    • Write in past tense (except in ‘future directions’)

    • Back up your assertions

    • Refer to people you tested as ‘participants’ not ‘subjects’


    Making it look neat

    Making it look neat

    Double-space

    Colours: Stick to greyscale

    Put a title on each section

    Number your pages

    Check your spelling and grammar

    Check your references (they are worth six marks)


    Ordering

    Ordering

    • Papers are laid out in this order:

      • Abstract

      • Introduction

      • Methods

      • Results

      • Discussion

      • References

    • But it’s easier to write them in this order:

      • Methods

      • Results

      • Introduction/Discussion

      • Abstract

      • (References)


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