The federal government is the only government that can spend more than it receives
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The Federal Government is the only government that can spend more than it receives. Current Debt: $ 16.4 Trillion Current Deficit: 1.1 Trillion (for 2012); so far in 2013, about $290.4 billion What is your opinion on this statement?

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The Federal Government is the only government that can spend more than it receives.

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The federal government is the only government that can spend more than it receives

The Federal Government is the only government that can spend more than it receives.

Current Debt: $16.4 Trillion

Current Deficit: 1.1 Trillion (for 2012); so far in 2013, about $290.4 billion

What is your opinion on this statement?

Should the federal government be able to do this or have a balanced budget?


The budget

The Budget

Read the provided handout on the budget process.

Answer the worksheet questions either as you read or after you read. Your answers should be specific and detailed.


The basics

The Basics


What is the constitutional basis for the federal government s budgetary power

What is the Constitutional basis for the Federal Government’s Budgetary power?

  • Article I Section 8: “Lay and collect taxes”, pay debts, provide for common defense, general welfare

  • Article I: House initiates appropriations

  • Article I: Congress given power to “borrow money on the credit of the US”

  • Amendment XVI: income taxes

    NOTE: Congress can only appropriate money that is budgeted


What is the president s role the omb the cbo

What is the President’s role? The OMB? The CBO?

  • Federal agencies submit expenses and requests to OMB

  • OMB reviews and revises and helps to create President’s budget

  • Budget is for a Fiscal Year (FY) that runs from October 1- Sept 30

  • President submits budget to Congress in February

  • CBO reviews proposals to submit to House and Senate Budget Committees


What is congress role in the budget process

What is Congress’ role in the budget process?

  • Appropriations committees review budget and submit budget resolutions (max amounts for spending) to each of their respective chambers

  • Resolutions contain estimates of spending and recommendations for revenue

  • April 15: budget must be passed by Congress and signed by President

  • If NOT, emergency spending legislation must be passed to avoid shutdown


The congressional budget and impoundment control act of 1974

The Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974

Eliminates subcommittee control of spending

  • President can’t cut programs unilaterally by impounding funds

  • Created a calendar for the process with procedures for each branch

  • Created Budget committees in Congress

  • Created CBO as a check on OMB


Where does the government s money come from

Where does the government’s money come from?


Where does the money go

Where does the money go?

2/3 of the Federal Budget is mandatory spending.

Entitlements are the fastest growing area of spending.


Gramm rudman hollings balanced budget and emergency debt control act of 1985 grhbbedc

Gramm-Rudman Hollings Balanced Budget and Emergency Debt Control Act of 1985 (GRHBBEDC)

“A bad idea who’s time has come.”

-Sen. Warren Rudman


Failed attempts what did graham rudman do why didn t it work

Failed Attempts: What did Graham-Rudman do? Why didn’t it work?

Does this remind you of a certain, economic/government related current event???


Grh was replaced by the budget enforcement act bea of 1990

GRH was replaced by the Budget Enforcement Act (BEA) of 1990


Budget control act of 2011

Budget Control Act of 2011


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