Download
1 / 31

Doctoral project of Gülseli Baysu Supervisors: Karen Phalet & Marc Swyngedouw - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 118 Views
  • Uploaded on

Staying on or dropping out: Role of school segregation and intergroup friendships in school success of Turkish-second-generation. Doctoral project of Gülseli Baysu Supervisors: Karen Phalet & Marc Swyngedouw CSCP & ISPO K. U. Leuven. The Turkish second-generation.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Doctoral project of Gülseli Baysu Supervisors: Karen Phalet & Marc Swyngedouw' - kenton


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Staying on or dropping out:Role of school segregation and intergroup friendships in school success of Turkish-second-generation

Doctoral project of Gülseli Baysu

Supervisors: Karen Phalet & Marc Swyngedouw

CSCP & ISPO K. U. Leuven


The turkish second generation
The Turkish second-generation

Born in the country where their parents migrated to

Whose both or one parents are born in Turkey

18 to 35

Mainly Belgium, but also Austria and Sweden


The comparison group
The comparison group:

  • Whose parents are born in the survey country

  • 18-35 years old

  • Living in the same neighborhood with the Turkish-second generation


School success
School success

  • Drop-out rates

  • Track placement in Secondary School

    • Vocational

    • Academic /Technical (preparation for higher education)

  • Continuation into higher education


  • Factors affecting school success
    Factors affecting school success

    • School segregation

      Perceived percent immigrant in primary school and secondary school

    • Intergroup Friends

      Percentage of friends with the comparison group


    Research questions
    Research questions:

    • Are there differences in the careers of Turkish-second-generation and the comparison group?

    • What factors are affecting school success?

    • Are segregation effects comparative/comparable?


    Are there differences in the school success of turkish second generation and the comparison group

    Are there differences in the school success of Turkish-second-generation and the comparison group?

    Antwerp, Belgium


    • The leaking pipeline: Turkish-second-generation and the comparison group?

      • The way in which the presence of Turkish-second generation in academic tracks and in school diminishes through school career


    DROP-OUT Turkish-second-generation and the comparison group?

    LEAVING

    ACADEMIC/TECHNICAL

    HIGHER EDUCATION

    34

    57

    29

    31

    UPPER SECONDARY

    2 YEARS

    MIDDLE SECONDARY

    2 YEARS

    45

    10

    LOWER SECONDARY

    2 YEARS

    68

    100


    DROP-OUT Turkish-second-generation and the comparison group?

    LEAVING

    ACADEMIC/TECHNICAL

    HIGHER EDUCATION

    67

    57

    30

    34

    29

    31

    UPPER SECONDARY

    66

    11

    45

    76

    10

    MIDDLE SECONDARY

    4

    LOWER SECONDARY

    68

    84

    BLACK: TURKISH-SECOND GENERATION

    RED: COMPARISON GROUP


    Leaking pipeline
    Leaking pipeline: Turkish-second-generation and the comparison group?

    • Does the difference between the Turkish second-generation and comparison group disappear if we control for demographic characteristics?

      • i.e. If they had similar personal histories: similar father’s education, starting in the academic track, no repeating grade in the primary school


    Net gap

    Chances of being in vocational vs. academic track at three stages in the course of secondary school

    Net Gap


    Result 1
    Result 1 stages in the course of secondary school

    • There is an increasing difference between the Turkish-second generation and the comparison group in school success

    • This difference cannot be explained by parental background, even with their academic history of success/failure


    What factors are affecting school success? stages in the course of secondary school

    (Antwerp, Belgium)


    Segregation
    Segregation stages in the course of secondary school

    School segregation refers to the over-representation of disadvantaged minority students in the same schools, which are often ‘majority minority’ schools.


    Why is segregation harmful
    Why is segregation harmful? stages in the course of secondary school

    • a lower quality of instruction and/or to a relative lack of resources (Massey & Fischer, 2006)

    • coupled with socio-economic segregation, students from low-income families (Carhill, Suárez-Orozco, & Páez, 2008).


    Segregation and intergroup friendships
    Segregation and intergroup friendships stages in the course of secondary school

    • Intergroup friendships: Contact with the majority culture

      - Positive attitudes between Turkish-second-generation and the comparison group (majority society)

      - Language learning


    Segregation and intergroup friendships in Antwerp stages in the course of secondary school

    Segregation scale: 1=none; 2=25%; 3=50%; 4=75%; 5=all


    Results segregation in primary and secondary school
    Results: Segregation in primary and secondary school stages in the course of secondary school

    Segregation both in primary and secondary school (high % of immigrants)

    • increased the likelihood of being in vocational track

    • leaving school (4-6 times)

    • harmful for both Turkish-second-generation and the comparison group.


    Results intergroup friendships in secondary school
    Results: Intergroup friendships in secondary school stages in the course of secondary school

    • students who had most friends of Belgian origin in secondary school are

      • twice more likely to stay on (rather than drop out)

      • twice more likely to be in the academic track

      • five times more likely to continue higher education


    Overall result
    Overall result: stages in the course of secondary school

    • Segregation is harmful for both the Turkish second-generation and the comparison group

    • Intergroup friendships protect the Turkish second-generation against drop-out and increases their chances of being in the academic track.


    Segregation in three countries belgium austria and sweden
    Segregation in three countries (Belgium, Austria and Sweden) stages in the course of secondary school


    Segregation levels in primary schools stages in the course of secondary school

    1=none; 2=25%; 3=50%; 4=75%; 5=all


    Segregation levels in secondary schools stages in the course of secondary school

    1=none; 2=25%; 3=50%; 4=75%; 5=all


    Strength of association (correlation stages in the course of secondary school) between primary and secondary school segregation


    Educational Levels stages in the course of secondary school


    Is segregation harmful for school success
    Is segregation harmful for school success? stages in the course of secondary school

    • In Austria, Sweden and Belgium (5 cities) segregation has a negative effect on school success

    • IMPORTANT: CONTROLLED FOR TRACK AT ENTRY INTO SECONDARY


    Take home message
    Take-home message stages in the course of secondary school

    • There is an enlarging difference in the school success of Turkish-second generation and the comparion group (Antwerp)

    • Segregation is harmful for school success of both Turkish-second generation and the comparison group! (Antwerp)

    • Intergroup friendships protect the Turkish second generation against drop-out and increase their chances of academic track! (Antwerp)


    Take home message1
    Take-home message stages in the course of secondary school

    • In spite of different levels of segregation in different cities, segregation is consistenly destructive for school careers of Turkish second-generation across local and national contexts!

      (Linz, Vienna, Stockholm, Antwerp, Brussel)


    THANK YOU stages in the course of secondary school


    ad