Social Protection Floor Initiative (SPF-I) ICSW, IFSW, IASSW Joint World Conference on Social Work and Social Development Stockholm 10 July, 2012 Dr. Timo Voipio Senior Adviser on Social Policy and Decent Work Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland [email protected]
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SPF-I Post-2015 Agenda- 4 key issues that the Millennium Declaration and MDGs missed:1) Inequality reduction2) Social protection3) Disability4) Care work
= SOCIAL PROTECTION FLOOR
= INCLUSION OF PWD, ALSO IN THE SPF
AFRICA / LICs 1990 : Rapid growth of GDP – But NO progress on poverty reduction
Wrong model of economic growth?
Publication Human Rights Approach to Social Protectionby Dr. Magdalena Sepulveda, UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Extreme Poverty, with Foreword by Finland’s Minister. www.formin.fi/public/default.aspx?nodeid=15458& contentlan=2&culture=en-US
UN Chief Executives’ Board 2009
SPF-I = One of 9 UN Responses to the Global Financial Crisis
- health, watersan, education, social care, housing
2. Basic income security:
Social Protection Floorprogressive realization of horizontal and vertical extension of coverage and the levels of protection…
- Increase decent and productive employment for all...
- Promote universal access to social services and provide social protection floors…
- Social protection systems that address and reduce inequality and social exclusion are essential for …MDGs
& Jacob Zuma
RIO: UN HL Panel on
- SP and safety nets are essential tools
- SP systems act as springboards to
empower people to resume productive lives
- SP can help build effective States — by deepening the social contract between citizens and States.
- States to ensure access to basic SP for all !
Läle ja HS/Riikka Miettinen
SOCIAL PROTECTION AND LABOR STRATEGY
For the Decade 2012-2022
How Social Protection Contributes to
Sustainable and Inclusive Development
1) Communication by the Commission: August 2012 +
2) EU Council Conclusions: October 2012
Enables EU-Commission to set a dedicated budget line for SocProt
= Historic, 1st Human Rights instrument on Social Protection for All
= 4 nationally defined guarantees:
1) Health and maternity care
2) Income security for all Children
3) Unemployed and Disabled(able to work)
4) Old Age and Disability Pensions
= National definition of levels & approaches: SocIns, SocAss, Universal.
Läle ja HS/Riikka Miettinen
Question 1: Social protection systems should be defined according to the priorities of national governments?
Strongly Agree / Slightly Agree / Slightly Disagree/ Strongly disagree / No opinion
Question 2: Social protection is not only about protecting people against risks but also about promoting livelihoods, participating in the economy and finding jobs?
Question 3: The European values that are behind European social protection systems should also inform the EU’s stance and action in social protection in partner countries?
Question 4: The European Social model was created for Europe in the mid 20th century, when full employment in the formal sector was the norm. However, the extensive social security systems characteristic of the European Union Member States are unsuited to the economies of emerging and developing countries, which cannot afford them?
Question 5: Development cooperation for social protection is highly relevant for middle income countries, as well as low income countries, in order to reduce inequalities and eradicate poverty?
Question 6: Social protection protects people against the worst effect of global crises (climate change, food price rises, economic downturn)?
Question 7: Social protection can contribute to strengthening the compact between citizens and the State, and promotes social inclusion and greater accountability.
Question 8: The EU is able to make a significant impact on the development of social protection, because of its own long history with social welfare and social security systems, and because the EU is the world’s largest donor?
Question 10: The EU Member States and the European Commission should develop a single, coherent policy framework for cooperation in social protection in order to improve the quality of their support for partner countries?
Question 11: The EU should support cooperation between partner countries (south-south cooperation), which may provide relevant models well fitted to the needs of partner countries?
Question 12: The EU should play a leading role in raising awareness of the role of social protection as a key driver for inclusive growth in international fora, such as the G20 and the UN?
Question 13: Social protection should be included in policy dialogue about national development plans?
Question 14: Social transfers, including social protection benefits, belong to the recurrent part of national budgets and should not therefore be funded by development partners such as the EU?
Question 15: The EU should make an exception to this rule in the case of least developed countries, where donor financing may be required in the initial stages of establishing a social protection system and in fragile states where national governments are not able to deliver services?
Question 16: Social protection programmes and policy dialogue should pay special attention to ensuring that disadvantaged groups (such as persons with disabilities) are also able to benefit from and contribute to inclusive growth?
Question 17: The EU should have different approaches to supporting social protection in middle income and lower income countries?
Question 18: The EU should base its approach to social protection in partner countries on the individual country's profile and national priorities?
Question 19: The EU should be prepared to make a long-term financial commitment to supporting social protection in LICs?
Question 20: The EU should support the participation of representatives of civil society in the process of designing and monitoring social protection strategies and programmes?
Question 21: The private sector has an important role to play in supporting social protection by ensuring that investments create decent employment in line with the Decent Work Agenda?
Question 22: Can cash transfers ever succeed without social workers?
EU should also invest into the capacity building and empowerment of community development officers, CSOs, and other professionals of care?