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Social Protection Floor Initiative (SPF-I) ICSW, IFSW, IASSW Joint World Conference on Social Work and Social Development Stockholm 10 July, 2012 Dr. Timo Voipio Senior Adviser on Social Policy and Decent Work Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland [email protected]

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Social ProtectionFloor Initiative (SPF-I)ICSW, IFSW, IASSWJoint World Conference on Social Work and Social DevelopmentStockholm 10 July, 2012Dr. Timo VoipioSenior Adviser on Social Policy and Decent WorkMinistry for Foreign Affairs of [email protected]

SPF-I  Post-2015 Agenda- 4 key issues that the Millennium Declaration and MDGs missed:1) Inequality reduction2) Social protection3) Disability4) Care work

Remember social summit copenhagen 1995
Remember: Social Summit Copenhagen 1995:

  • We commit ourselves to… reducing poverty… and…to ensure that all people have adequate economic and social protection during unemployment, ill health, maternity, child rearing, widowhood, disability and old age (= SPF)

  • to reduce inequalities…and remove any political, legal, economic and social factors that foster inequality.

COPENHAGEN 1995: “We will ensure:

  • that the …IOs/IFIs assist developing countries… in…ensuring basic social protection;

  • universal and equitable access of all to …education, and primary health care …to rectify inequalities…without distinction as to race, national origin, gender, age or disability;


Further copenhagen 1995
Further, Copenhagen 1995:

  • One of the world's largest minorities, more than 1 in 10, are people with disabilities, who are too often forced into poverty, unemployment and social isolation.

  • Ensure that persons with disabilities are included …and that society …responds to rights of PWDs…, making the physical and social environment accessible;


  • This all was missing in the Millennium Declaration and MDGs in year 2000

  • It is high time to correct these mistakes in the Post-2015 Development Agenda

  • Social Protection Floor Initiative is one way to do so…

Why social protection
Why Social Protection ?


Pro-poor growth



Human Rights


AFRICA / LICs 1990 : Rapid growth of GDP – But NO progress on poverty reduction

 Wrong model of economic growth?

Why social protection1
Why Social Protection ?

  • Pro-poor growth

  • SP unlocks the human potential of poor women and men to participate in and contribute to growth

  • SP promotes their innovation, risk taking and entrepreneurship

  • counteracts irreversible asset depletion

  • broadens the tax base

  • aggregate demand in the economy/world

  • Human Rights

  • Art.22-28 UDHR

  • Art. 9-12 of ICESCR

  • human development

  • global socio-economic ‘floor’ /’compact’ (minimum standards)

  • democratic participation of all women and men

  • child rights protection by breaking the inter-generational poverty

Publication Human Rights Approach to Social Protectionby Dr. Magdalena Sepulveda, UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Extreme Poverty, with Foreword by Finland’s Minister. contentlan=2&culture=en-US

Social Protection - not on MDG-Agenda in 2000 Gradual rise onto the Global Development Agenda 2004  2015 


UN Chief Executives’ Board 2009

SPF-I = One of 9 UN Responses to the Global Financial Crisis

EU 2010

One un social protection floor initiative spf i
One-UN Social Protection Floor Initiative (SPF-I)

  • Basic services for all

    - health, watersan, education, social care, housing

    2. Basic income security:

    • Health insurance for all

    • Employment guarantee or unemployment benefit

    • Child grants

    • Social pension (for elderly & PWD)

Social Protection Floorprogressive realization of horizontal and vertical extension of coverage and the levels of protection…

Vertical extension

Horizontal extension 

Un mdg summit 9 2010
UN: MDG-Summit (9/2010)

- Increase decent and productive employment for all...

- Promote universal access to social services and provide social protection floors…

- Social protection systems that address and reduce inequality and social exclusion are essential for …MDGs


EU 2010

Michelle Bachelet

Tarja Halonen

& Jacob Zuma

RIO: UN HL Panel on

Global Sustainability:

- SP and safety nets are essential tools

- SP systems act as springboards to

empower people to resume productive lives

- SP can help build effective States — by deepening the social contract between citizens and States.

- States to ensure access to basic SP for all !

New SP-Strategies

Läle ja HS/Riikka Miettinen



For the Decade 2012-2022

How Social Protection Contributes to

Sustainable and Inclusive Development

  • G20 Initiative

  • All UN-agencies, World Bank, IMF

  • Active bilateral governments

  • Leading CSOs working on SO, including ICSW

European commission s new policy on social protection in eu development cooperation

European Commission’s New Policy on Social Protection in EU Development Cooperation

1) Communication by the Commission: August 2012 +

2) EU Council Conclusions: October 2012

Policy Document

Enables EU-Commission to set a dedicated budget line for SocProt

Ilo social protection floor recommendation june 12
ILO / Social Protection Floor RECOMMENDATION, June-12

= Historic, 1st Human Rights instrument on Social Protection for All

= 4 nationally defined guarantees:

1) Health and maternity care

2) Income security for all Children

3) Unemployed and Disabled(able to work)

4) Old Age and Disability Pensions

= National definition of levels & approaches: SocIns, SocAss, Universal.

Joint ngo statement on spf at ilc 2012
Joint NGO statement on SPF at ILC-2012:

  • We wholeheartedly support SPF-Rec

  • A great step forward towards the reduction of poverty and

  • HRBA = most effective way

  • we propose amendments on: Residence, Accountability mechanisms, Dignity, Participation of all, and gender equality.

  • SP-Floor policies should:

    • Not discriminate against PWD

    • Be inclusive and accessible for PWD

    • Take into account extra costs of PWD

    • Contribute to greater participation of PWD

    • Do no harm to other social policies necessary for PWD

    • Ensure consultation with PWDs and DPOs

Läle ja HS/Riikka Miettinen

Questions for discussion eu

Question 1: Social protection systems should be defined according to the priorities of national governments?

 Strongly Agree / Slightly Agree / Slightly Disagree/ Strongly disagree / No opinion

Questions for discussion eu1

Question 2: Social protection is not only about protecting people against risks but also about promoting livelihoods, participating in the economy and finding jobs?

Question 3: The European values that are behind European social protection systems should also inform the EU’s stance and action in social protection in partner countries?

Question 4: The European Social model was created for Europe in the mid 20th century, when full employment in the formal sector was the norm. However, the extensive social security systems characteristic of the European Union Member States are unsuited to the economies of emerging and developing countries, which cannot afford them?

Question 5: Development cooperation for social protection is highly relevant for middle income countries, as well as low income countries, in order to reduce inequalities and eradicate poverty?

Question 6: Social protection protects people against the worst effect of global crises (climate change, food price rises, economic downturn)?

Question 7: Social protection can contribute to strengthening the compact between citizens and the State, and promotes social inclusion and greater accountability.

Question 8: The EU is able to make a significant impact on the development of social protection, because of its own long history with social welfare and social security systems, and because the EU is the world’s largest donor?

  • Question 9: Part of the EU's comparative advantage in social protection lies in the fact that the social protection systems of the European Member States provide a wide range of models and organisational structures that other nations can learn from and from which expertise can be drawn?

Question 10: The EU Member States and the European Commission should develop a single, coherent policy framework for cooperation in social protection in order to improve the quality of their support for partner countries?

Question 11: The EU should support cooperation between partner countries (south-south cooperation), which may provide relevant models well fitted to the needs of partner countries?

Question 12: The EU should play a leading role in raising awareness of the role of social protection as a key driver for inclusive growth in international fora, such as the G20 and the UN?

Question 13: Social protection should be included in policy dialogue about national development plans?

Question 14: Social transfers, including social protection benefits, belong to the recurrent part of national budgets and should not therefore be funded by development partners such as the EU?

Question 15: The EU should make an exception to this rule in the case of least developed countries, where donor financing may be required in the initial stages of establishing a social protection system and in fragile states where national governments are not able to deliver services?

Question 16: Social protection programmes and policy dialogue should pay special attention to ensuring that disadvantaged groups (such as persons with disabilities) are also able to benefit from and contribute to inclusive growth?

Question 17: The EU should have different approaches to supporting social protection in middle income and lower income countries?

Question 18: The EU should base its approach to social protection in partner countries on the individual country's profile and national priorities?

Question 19: The EU should be prepared to make a long-term financial commitment to supporting social protection in LICs?

Question 20: The EU should support the participation of representatives of civil society in the process of designing and monitoring social protection strategies and programmes?

Question 21: The private sector has an important role to play in supporting social protection by ensuring that investments create decent employment in line with the Decent Work Agenda?

Question 22: Can cash transfers ever succeed without social workers?

 EU should also invest into the capacity building and empowerment of community development officers, CSOs, and other professionals of care?