Viruses, Spyware , Malware and Phishing. Understand what a virus is and the different types of viruses which can infect a computer Know how to avoid viruses Understand how to remove a virus from a PC. Computer Virus.
A programor piece of code that is loaded onto your computer without your knowledge and runs against your wishes. Viruses can replicate themselves.
You often download the virus without realising, it might be attached to a another file, for example a picture or program you actually want.
Viruses can be downloaded by opening an email attachment, never open an email attachment from someone you do not know!
Spyware monitorsuser activity on the Internet and transmitsthat information in the background to someone else. Spyware can gather information about e-mail addresses and even passwords and credit card number
Phishing is when you receive an e-mail falsely claiming to be a legitimate company in an attempt to scam the user into surrendering privateinformation that will be used for identity theft.
Often the e-mail directs you to visit a website where you are asked to update personal information, such as passwords and credit card, social security, and bank account numbers. The Website, however, is bogus and set up only to steal your information.
> Self replicating malware
>Uses a computer network to make copies of itself and infect computers
Choose one of the viruses below. Use the internet to find out:
Love bug worm Melissa computer virus Nimda virus
Code Red Bugbear Blaster
A – Antivirus software
B – Software that logs internet activity
C – A filter for a internet connection
A - decryption method that uses complex algorithms
B - A method of online identity theft
B - A way to send spam mail to millions of people at once
A – To avoid using a USB drive with the computer
B - To install an up to date anti virus program from a trusted source
C – To avoid emails