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Engineers Without Borders - USA Overview. A non-profit volunteer humanitarian organization. 1.2 billion lack clean water 2.4 billion lack adequate sanitation 2.4 billion are at risk with malaria 29,000 children die from hunger daily 1.1 billion overfed vs. 1.1 billion underfed.

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slide1

Engineers Without Borders - USA

Overview

A non-profit volunteer humanitarian organization.

slide2

1.2 billion lack clean water

  • 2.4 billion lack adequate sanitation
  • 2.4 billion are at risk with malaria
  • 29,000 children die from hunger daily
  • 1.1 billion overfed vs. 1.1 billion underfed

BACKGROUND

  • 1.2 billion lack adequate housing
  • 1.6 billion have no access to electricity
  • 4.2 billion are unable to read
  • 1.8 billion live in conflict zones, in transition, or in situations of permanent instability
slide3

There are 2.2 billion children in the world:

  • More than 50% live in extreme deprivation associated with poverty, war, or AIDS
  • 29,000 die of hunger and malady daily
  • 640 million have no adequate shelter
  • 500 million have no access to sanitation
  • 400 million lack safe drinking water
  • 270 million have no healthcare
  • 140 million have never gone to school
  • 90 million are severely food deprived
  • 2 million affected by AIDS with 0.5 million dying of it each year
slide4

IN THE NEXT TWO DECADES, ALMOST 2 BILLIONADDITIONAL PEOPLE WILL POPULATE THE EARTH. THIS GROWTH WILL CREATE DEMANDS ON AN UNPRECEDENTED SCALE FOR:

ENERGY

PRODUCTION

FOOD SUPPLY

WATER

PRESERVATION

WASTE

DISPOSAL

ENVIRONMENTAL

CLEANUP

SUITABLE

LIVING

CONDITIONS

HEALTH CARE

INFRASTRUCTURE

MATERIALS

HANDLING

LAND

STABILIZATION

EARTH MOVING

TRANSPORTATION

DEMAND

slide5

“The majority of the world’s designers focus all their efforts on developing products and services exclusively for the richest 10% of the world’s customers. Nothing less than a revolution in design is needed to reach the other 90%.”

Dr. Paul Polak, International Development Enterprises

“Science and technology are linked to economic growth: scientific and technical capabilities determine the ability to provide clean water, good health care, adequate infrastructure, and safe food.”

Dr. Calestous Juma, Kennedy School of Government“There is less than one scientist or engineer for every 10,000 people in Africa – compared to 2 to 5 per 1000 in Europe and USA.” UNESCO

WHY NOT ENGINEERING FOR THE OTHER 90%

slide6

Engineers Without Borders - USA

www.ewb-usa.org

  • Partners with developing communities to improve quality of life
  • Implements environmentally and economically sustainableengineering projects
  • Develops internationally responsible engineers and engineering students
  • Involves 11,000 members, 271 chapters, 350 projects in 45 countries
our goals
Our Goals
  • Empower developing communities by developing locally sustainable solutions
    • Building the capacity in the community to continue improving the quality of life.
  • Promote long-term relationships between chapters and a community
    • A single project is not enough. We embrace the community.
    • Community solutions require long-term thinking.
    • Project implementation over multiple years builds trust, knowledge transfer and sustainability.
  • Educate students and professionals.
    • Continuity among the student chapter, the

professional leaders, and the community

    • The community, the students and the

professionals grow with each project

    • Develop Internationally responsible engineers
the vision
The Vision
  • EWB-USA\'s outward vision is a world where all people have access to the knowledge and resources with which to meet their basic human needs
  • Promote sustainable development in such areas as:
  • water supply and sanitation
  • food production and processing
  • housing and construction
  • energy, transportation and communication
  • income generation
  • employment creation
slide9

Cost Effective Implementation

Sustainability

Technological Verification

Consumer Demand

appropriate and sustainable technology is highly cost effective
Appropriate and Sustainable Technology is highly cost effective.

From Smart Water Solutions , NWP (2006)

developing a new generation of engineers for the 21 st century
Developing a New Generation of Engineers for the 21st Century

Facilitators of…

Sustainable Development

Appropriate Technology

Social and Economic Change

Capacity Building

Engineers as social entrepreneurs, community builders, peace makers

Service above self

Making a difference in the world

Designing for the other 90% (P. Polak).

engineering skills
Engineering Skills

Problems are varied

Designs range from Simple to complex

Implementation is always challenging

ewb s projects
EWB’s Projects:

Water Supply – 50%

Energy Projects – 16%

Sanitation Projects- 11%

Structures Projects 10%

Agricultural Projects 9%

Bridge/road Projects 4%

“Low Tech, High Impact” projects that save lives while developing the next generation of globally aware engineers

water projects
Water Projects

The primary need of many developing communities is safe water

un millennium goal
UN Millennium Goal

By 2015, reduce by half the number of people that do not have access to safe drinking water and sanitation

access to potable water
Access to Potable Water
  • Water usage comparison:
    • The average American individual uses approximately 400 gallons of water at home including watering yard
    • UN standard is about 5 gallons per person each day
  • More than 200 million hours spent each day by women and children to collect water from distant, often polluted sources
  • Water systems fail at a rate of 50% or higher
need for potable water
Need for Potable Water

Contaminated water is the cause of 80% of the world’s diseases (WHO)

3.4 million people die from preventable waterborne illnesses each year

4,000 children die every day from waterborne illnesses

slide18
MALI

Diesel deep well pump stopped working in 1986.

Villagers resorted to hand dug well

Simple, safe pump system installed

slide20
Low flow

High fecal coliform levels

Turbid

Originate largely from runoff, some go dry

slide22

Diagnosis and Mitigation Environmental

Health Problems

Mercury

Cyanide

health survey results
Health Survey Results

23 surveys completed

Lack of clean water and hygiene cited most often as cause of illness

water testing
Water Testing
  • Testing:
    • HACH test strips
    • Turbidity tube
    • 3M Petrifilm for total coliform and e-coli w/ homemade incubator (heating pad in suitcase)
    • Watersafe kits (P/A coliform, lead, hardness, pesticides, etc)
  • Bacteria, coliform, and pesticides evident
  • Current ozone filter has not been changed, is not being utilized due to cost and lack of knowledge about system
slide25
“Bring Your Own Water” Treatment SystemGravity fed settling tank / rapid sand filter / PV powered UV bulb

Inputted off-scale-high turbidity and bacteria count and reduced it to nearly 0 CFU.

Maintenance cost is around $50 per year.

Backwash tank

Tube settling tank (input)

Power from 102 Watt solar panel

UV Light bulb (output)

Rapid sand filter

Muramba, Rwanda

before
Before

Not operational

Cameroon

after
After

Contaminant free!

Only 1/3 of the yield needed

slide32
Yanayo, Bolivia

Replaced current open-fire stove with Lorena-type stove

Taught local community members how to build stoves

slide38

Projects:

  • Projects in 2007 - 250 in 50 countries
  • (two years ago - 70 Projects)
  • Demand exceeds delivery capacity
  • Sponsors:
  • Philanthropic Groups, inc Rotary
  • Energy and Engineering organizations
  • US EPA, United Nations, USAID
  • CH2MHill, Chevron Texaco, others

Organization:

501c3 Non Profit

Based in Longmont, CO

Membership:over10,000 individuals

70% Student Membership (150 chapters)

30% Professional Membership (70 chapters)

Annual Growth over 50%

ewb usa projects
EWB-USA Projects
  • We work with more than 100 communities world-wide.
  • The average project has approximately 12-15 volunteers. Travel teams usually range from 4-8 volunteers.
  • The average cost of a project ranges from $15,000-$35,000.
  • Students gain valuable field experience not necessarily found on a university campus.
  • Affect the lives of over 1 Million people worldwide
  • These projects are initiated by, and completed with, contributions from the host community, which is trained to operate the systems without external assistance. In this way, EWB-USA ensures that its projects are appropriate and self-sustaining.
slide40

Participation in a Project

All EWB-USA projects are conducted through chapters.

  • Any adult can participate in an EWB-USA project. This includes engineers, teachers, business people, health professionals etc.
  • We require that all projects have someone with the technical capabilities overseeing the technical design of the project.
  • Health professionals, education professionals, business professionals, and people proficient in languages and cultures all have something valuable to add to these projects.
bolivia projects
Bolivia Projects
  • We are working with a local group that supports EWB to coordinate projects locally. Engineers In Action (EIA) is located in La Paz and has previous experience coordinating projects for EWB Chapters

http://www.engineersinaction.org

Projects Under Application w/ EWB-USA

Zuncallo– Intake and Aqueduct System for irrigation

Comucala– Intake and Aqueduct System for irrigation

Projects Under Investigation

Molli Pongo– Intake and Aqueduct System for irrigation

San Lorenzo – Enlarge a community hospital

Patapani - Potable water system for drinking

zuncallo bolivia
Zuncallo,Bolivia
  • Located in the Altiplano (high plain) of Bolivia.
  • ~100 families struggle to survive in the dry, cold land where the steep terrain make producing crops difficult.

Goal

  • Design an irrigation system and help educate the community to make crop production more successful.
  • Potentially create excess marketable crops to generate income in the community.
project team
Project Team
  • Air Force Academy Cadet Chapter
  • Colorado Springs Professional Chapter
ways to get involved
Ways to get involved

Join a Professional or Student Chapter

  • Help start the Colorado Springs Professional Chapter
  • UCCS and the Air Force Academy now have ACTIVE Student Chapters
  • Boulder, Denver & Fort Collins also have Professional Chapters
  • Become a mentor for a student project

Technical Advisory Committee (TAC)

  • Reviews and approves all EWB projects and designs
  • Provides QA/QC for all EWB-USA projects prior to implementation
  • There are currently four regional TAC’s
    • EWB-USA plans to create two additional regional TACs by summer of 2007, each with 15-25 practicing engineers and health professionals.
  • Water/Sanitation, Energy, Health, Construction

Liaison:

  • Helps to track the projects in a specific country
  • Monthly phone call to chapters in that country to help disseminate information within that country
questions
Questions ?

Colorado Springs Professional Chapter

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