Phonics. My aims for this session. To help you understand what phonics is. To help you understand how to use phonics to support your child’s literacy skills. To show you how phonics is taught in our school. abc ...........as easy as 123?.
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For some people it is, for others it isn’t. As adults, it’s surprising what you can’t remember from your school days, such as, how did I learn to read and write? Something is only easy if you know how to do it – We would like to make phonics easier for you, so you are able to support your child.
Blending is one of the techniques used in reading. It is being able to say the sounds in a word and blend them together to say what the word is.
Segmenting is the opposite. We use this when we want to spell a word. The word is said slowly so it is split up into its sounds (segments).
Let’s begin with abc and the rest of the alphabet.
Facts for you and your child to know
There are 26 letters in the alphabet
There are 5 vowels – a e i o u
There are 21 consonants
In spoken English there are 44 phonemes (sounds) – 20 of these are vowels and 24 are consonants
Your child will learn all of these sounds plus the graphemes used to represent them.
The 44 Phonemes of the English Speaking Language
Consonants - 24
b d f g h j k (c) l m n p r s t v w y z
Vowels - 20
a e i o u (short vowels)
aieeighoaoooo air ear arereroiure or ow (long vowels)
These letters are a combination of two sounds, be sure that your child writes them in the correct way:
q (kw) x (ks)
These are great to use at home when children are just learning the letters of the alphabet.
At school we use a certain type of magnetic letter as they show the correct formation and have letters linked together for sounds containing more than one letter.
Magnetic letters are used to identify sounds and for word building. They are good for children who need touch, sight and hearing to learn. Children should say the sound for the letters they are moving and blend them together to say words.
These are placed underneath each sound in a word so they can be identified.
A sound can be represented in two ways. By a single dot or by a line (stitch).
b i g f i sh sh ou t
When two consonants are blended together at the beginning or end of a word we draw a smile to join the dots.
t r ai n
Have a go at putting some sound buttons underneath some words to practice using them.
These are used in a similar way as before, instead of putting a button under each sound you place the sounds in the frame.
ie - pie
pier or field
This is not an alien word
These are alien words
How to make an alien word
Always begin with a word that your child knows. Put the sound buttons underneath the word. Then ask your child to change one sound which will then create an alien word
f ish z ish
Alien words have been introduced as part of the Phonics Test that the children now take in Year One. I will be running a session on this test nearer the time (last term).
Always teach alien words as a separate thing, not as part of their daily reading and writing.
and please do pop in and see us if you have any questions