Commands
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Commands. Ud. / Uds. Commands. To form a Ud. / Uds. command you have three steps . 1) Take the “yo” form of the present tense verb. 2) Drop the “o” 3) Add opposite endings. Ud. / Uds. Commands. 3) Add opposite endings. Ud. Commands -ar verbs : Add -e -er/-ir verbs: Add –a

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Commands

Commands


Ud uds commands

Ud. / Uds. Commands

  • To form a Ud. / Uds. command you have three steps.

  • 1) Take the “yo” form of the present tense verb.

  • 2) Drop the “o”

  • 3) Add opposite endings.


Ud uds commands1

Ud. / Uds. Commands

3) Add opposite endings.

  • Ud. Commands

    • -ar verbs : Add -e

    • -er/-ir verbs: Add –a

  • Uds. Commands

    • ar verbs : Add -en

    • -er/-ir verbs: Add –an


Ud uds commands2

Ud. / Uds. Commands

  • Good news! You follow these rules for both positive and negative Ud. & Uds. commands.

  • You would use an Ud. command when talking to a teacher, stranger, etc.

  • You would use an Uds. commands when talking to more than one person.


Ud uds commands3

Ud. Uds Commands

  • There are 3 spelling changes that occur before adding the opposite ending.

  • -gar verbs, change ggu

  • jugar: ¡ (No) juegue(n)!

  • -car verbs, change cqu

  • tocar: ¡ (No) toque(n)!

  • -zar verbs, change zc

  • cruzar: ¡ (No) cruce(n)!


Ud uds commands4

Ud.Uds Commands

  • There are 5 verbs that have irregular command forms. (positive & negative)

  • ir – ¡ (No) vaya(n)!

  • ser – ¡ (No) sea(n)!

  • estar – ¡ (No) esté(n)!

  • dar – ¡ (No) dé / den !

  • saber – ¡ No sepa(n) !


Ud uds commands5

+ Ud.Uds. Commands

  • Pronouns are attached to positive Ud.Uds. commands.

  • Watch out for accents!

  • Do it! (la tarea) ¡Hágala! ¡Háganla!

  • Buy them! (los zapatos) ¡Cómprelos! ¡Cómprenlos!

  • Get up! (levantarse) ¡Levántese! ¡Levántense!

  • Tell me! ¡Dígame! ¡Díganme!


Ud uds commands6

- Ud./Uds. Commands

  • Pronouns always come before negative Ud.Uds commands.

  • Don’t do it! (la tarea)

  • ¡No la haga(n)!

  • Don’t buy them! (los zapatos)¡No los compre(n)!

  • Don’t get up! (levantarse) ¡No se levante(n)!

  • Don’t tell me!

  • ¡No me diga(n)!


Irregular yo forms

Irregular “yo” forms

  • “-go” verbs

  • tener  tengo

  • hacer  hago

  • salir  salgo

  • decir  digo

  • venir  vengo

  • poner  pongo

  • caer  caigo

  • traer  traigo

  • oír  oigo


Irregular yo forms1

Irregular “yo” forms

  • Verbs that end in “-cer/”-cir”

  • Add a “z” in the “yo” form

  • conocer  conozco

  • pertenecer  pertenezco

  • conducir  conduzco

  • traducir traduzco

  • reducir  reduzco


Irregular yo forms2

Irregular “yo” forms

  • Verbs that end in “-ger/”-gir”

  • gj in the “yo” form only

  • recoger  recojo

  • escoger  escojo

  • dirigir  dirijo


Irregular yo forms3

Irregular “yo” forms

  • End in “-uer/”-uir”

  • Add a “y”

  • influir  influyo

  • construir  construyo

  • destruir destruyo


Stem changing verbs

Stem Changing Verbs

  • e ie “-ar” verbs

  • empezar

  • comenzar

  • pensar

  • sentarse

  • cerrar

  • despertarse


Stem changing verbs1

Stem Changing Verbs

  • e ie “-er” verbs

  • querer

  • perder

  • entender

  • encender


Stem changing verbs2

Stem Changing Verbs

  • e ie “-ir” verbs

  • divertirse

  • hervir

  • sentirse

  • preferir

  • mentir

  • sugerir


Stem changing verbs3

Stem Changing Verbs

  • o ue “-ar” verbs

  • almorzar

  • acostarse

  • jugar


Stem changing verbs4

Stem Changing Verbs

  • o ue “-er” verbs

  • poder

  • promover

  • volver

  • o ue “-ir” verbs

  • dormir

  • morir


Stem changing verbs5

Stem Changing Verbs

  • e i “-ir” verbs only

  • vestirse

  • servir

  • pedir

  • seguir

  • conseguir

  • repetir

  • reír

  • freír


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