Roman provinces and empire
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Roman Provinces and Empire. Provinces. The Roman Province. Governed by a Roman Governor (often a former senior magistrate, like a consul or praetor) The governor had almost unchecked power, as an appeal to his decisions to Rome was difficult and rare.

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Roman Provinces and Empire

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Roman provinces and empire

Roman Provinces and Empire


Provinces

Provinces


The roman province

The Roman Province

  • Governed by a Roman Governor (often a former senior magistrate, like a consul or praetor)

  • The governor had almost unchecked power, as an appeal to his decisions to Rome was difficult and rare.

  • The governor had command of the army, oversaw taxation, administered justice, and was the only one who could impose the death penalty

  • Taxes were typically auctioned to private collection groups of companies.

  • The governor could and would deal with any uprising or outside enemy using the army

  • Even when Rome was a republic, the administration of the provinces was not representative, but rather that of subjects


The pax romana

The PaxRomana

  • Roman Rule brought an end to war in many lands with a very violent history and countless wars (e.g. Greece).

  • Now everyone could get on with their lives, pay their taxes and prosper in the civilized world of the Romans.

  • Pompey in the 1st c BC cleared the Mediterranean from piracy, and thereafter the seas were relatively safe and open to commerce and trading.

  • In this respect Roman rule brought economic prosperity for all

  • The exchange of ideas, goods, and knowledge which the Roman Rule facilitated allowed for progress and enhanced skills.


Who profited

Who profited

  • Rome certainly did as affluent provinces contributed plenty of tax.

  • Although the emperors (at least the good ones) tried to curb corruption among magistrates and civil servants, governors certainly profited too.

  • But the provinces profited also, because almost universally they had more income, and they were paying tax in an orderly and relatively fair manner

  • The census of Augustus in year 0 (mentioned in the story of the birth of Christ) was intended to distribute the burden of taxation more fairly.

  • In the provinces business and productivity flourished and resulted in a healthier economy.


The decline

The decline

  • Things started going wrong from the 3rd c.

  • Provinces were increasingly harassed and plundered by invaders.

  • As the borders of the empire begin to crumble, so does productivity and the trades.

  • Near the end of the Roman period entire towns are abandoned (e.g. Sparta)

  • Western Europe gradually will slip into Feudalism, while North Africa and eventually the entire east coast of the Mediterranean (from Syria to Egypt) will fall to the Arabs.


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