DEUTSCHE  UNTERSEEBOOTE  OPERATIONEN  IM  ZWEITEN  WELTKRIEG
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 75

DEUTSCHE UNTERSEEBOOTE OPERATIONEN IM ZWEITEN WELTKRIEG PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 89 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

DEUTSCHE UNTERSEEBOOTE OPERATIONEN IM ZWEITEN WELTKRIEG. OVERVIEW. INTRODUCTION U-BOOT OPERATIONS U-BOOT TACTICS ENIGMA “ACES OF THE DEEP” LIFE ONBOARD U-156 LEGACY QUESTIONS.

Download Presentation

DEUTSCHE UNTERSEEBOOTE OPERATIONEN IM ZWEITEN WELTKRIEG

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

DEUTSCHE UNTERSEEBOOTE OPERATIONEN IM ZWEITEN WELTKRIEG


Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

OVERVIEW

INTRODUCTION

U-BOOT OPERATIONS

U-BOOT TACTICS

ENIGMA

“ACES OF THE DEEP”

LIFE ONBOARD

U-156

LEGACY

QUESTIONS


Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

INTRODUCTION

  • Submarines used be Germany during WW I (1914-1918)

  • “Unrestricted Submarine Warfare”

  • Sinking of the LUSITANIA

  • Germany has a limited coastline – easily blockaded

    • During WW II (1939 – 1945) established based in conquered countries – France and Norway

  • Primary mission to disrupt Allied shipping and control sea lanes

  • German Navy (Kriegsmarine) not fanatic supporters of Nazi regime (unlike the Army and Air Force – Luftwaffe)


Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

BEFEHLSHABER der UNTERSEEBOOTE ( BdU )

Grossadmiral Karl Dönitz


Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

Grossadmiral Karl Dönitz

1891 - 1980


Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

U-BOOT SHIPYARDS

  • U-BOOT construction in Northern Germany

    • North Sea & Baltic Sea

  • 1153 U-boats commissioned into the Kriegsmarine during 1935-1945

  • Largest builder was Blohm + Voss


Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

AG Weser, Bremen


Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

U-BOOT OPERATIONS

I

  • German U-Boats operated WORLDWIDE

    • PRIMARILY in the ATLANTIC

    • Mediterranean

    • Caribbean

    • Black Sea

    • MONSON U-Boats in the Far East (Penang Malaysia, Jakarta & Sabang Indonesia)

      • Assisted Imperial Japanese Navy

  • Primary mission to disrupt merchant shipping, allied naval convoys and navy escorts


  • Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    U-BOOT TACTICS

    • Primary tactic developed by Donitz was the “Wolfpack” (Rudeltaktik)

    • Enough U-boats and facilities available after the fall of France in 1940

    • Simple concept: gather U-boats in patrol lines to scout for convoys


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    “WOLFPACKS”

    • Once a convoy was spotted the first boat was designated "shadower" and would chase the convoy and report its heading and speed to BdU

    • This would allow other boats to form around it and attack, more or less all at once, usually on the surface at night


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    OPERATION “DRUMBEAT”, 1942

    • Largest U-Boat offensive against America

    • Commenced after Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

      • Germany declared war on US on Dec 11, 1941

      • U.S. Navy had already been countering German U-Boats through work with Royal Navy

    • Operation DRUMBEAT (Paulkenschlag)

      • Attacks on U.S. merchant shipping on East Coast

      • Massive damage inflicted – over 3,000 nm away

        • “Die Glückliche Zeit” (The Happy Time)

      • Sunk 2 million tons (600 ships); 5000 killed

        • Only 7 U-Boats lost

    • Operations commenced from bases in France


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    U-BOOT BASES IN OCCUPIED FRANCE


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    U-BOOT BUNKERS AT LA ROCHELLE (Modern Day)


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    “BLACK MAY” - 1943

    • Turning point in May, 1943

    • U.S. Navy established effective convoys

    • By Late 1942, shifted focus back to North Atlantic

    • Remained spread out across Atlantic

    • By Spring, 1943, Allies were able to defeat the Wolf Packs

    • Primary reasons for reversal:

      • “Hunter-Killer” Groups

      • Improved Detection capabilities

      • Aircraft Coverage

      • Breaking of Enigma Code

        • U-Boats being attacked leaving port

    • By end of 1943, majority of U-Boat fleet would be sunk

      • Most would be lost with ALL HANDS


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    SPIES & SABOTEURS

    • Saboteur Landings in 1942 & 1944

    • German Military Intelligence (Abwehr) directed by Hitler to conduct sabotage operations inside American borders

    • Abwehr sabotage school located in Berlin

    • Teams delivered by U-Boats

      • Operational failure

      • Arrested by FBI

      • 6 of 10 captured saboeurs executed

    • Intended targets included power plants, infrastructure, industry, canals, etc.

    Admiral Wilhelm Canaris

    1887 - 1945


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    ENIGMA

    I


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    ULTRA INTELLIGENCE

    • Enigma was a portable cipher machine

    • Used to encrypt and decrypt secret messages

    • Enigma utilized very sophisticated cryptanalysis techniques by changing the substitution alphabet

    • Allied codebreakers were able to decrypt a large number of messages that had been enciphered on the machine

    • The intelligence gained through this source — codenamed “ULTRA” — was a significant aid to the Allied war effort

    • By 1945, almost all German Enigma traffic (Wehrmacht, Kriegsmarine, Luftwaffe, Abwehr, SD, etc.) could be decrypted within a day or two


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    “ACES OF THE DEEP”

    • The Aces of the Deep were the ten U-Boat commanders during World War II who sunk the most enemy merchant ships during their naval services

    • Ranked according to the total tonnage of the ships they sunk

    • The term is related to flying ace, a World War I name for a pilot who shot down five or more enemy planes

    • The currently accepted list is as follows:

    • 1 Otto Kretschmer

    • 2 Wolfgang Lüth

    • 3 Erich Topp

    • 4 Heinrich Liebe

    • 5 Victor Schütze

    • 6 Heinrich Lehmann-Willenbrock

    • 7 Karl-Friedrich Merten

    • 8 Herbert Schultze

    • 9 Günther Prien

    • 10 Georg Lassen


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    Otto Kretschmer

    1912 - 1998

    Fregattenkapitän (Crew 30)

    Successes40 ships sunk for a total of 208.954 GRT3 auxiliary warships sunk for a total of 46.440 GRT1 warship sunk for a total of 1.375 tons5 ships damaged for a total of 37.965 GRT1 ship taken as prize for a total of 2.136 GRT2 ships a total loss for a total of 15.513 GRT


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    Wolfgang Lüth

    1913 - 1945

    Kapitän zur See (Crew 33)

    Successes46 ships sunk for a total of 225.204 GRT1 warship sunk for a total of 552 tons2 ships damaged for a total of 17.343 GRT


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    Erich Topp

    1914 - 2005

    Fregattenkapitän (Crew 34)

    Successes34 ships sunk for a total of 197.233 GRT1 auxiliary warship sunk for a total of 227 GRT1 warship sunk for a total of 1.190 tons4 ships damaged for a total of 32.317 GRT


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    Günther Prien

    1908 – 1941

    Korvettenkapitän (Crew 33)

    Successes30 ships sunk for a total of 162.769 GRT1 warship sunk for a total of 29.150 tons8 ships damaged for a total of 62.751 GRT


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    Joachim Schepke

    1912 - 1941

    Kapitänleutnant (Crew 30)

    Successes36 ships sunk for a total of 153.677 GRT4 ships damaged for a total of 17.229 GRT1 ship a total loss for a total of 2.205 GRT


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    U - 156

    Kapitänleutnant Werner Harten


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    LACONIA INCIDENT

    • On 12 September, 1942 U-156 sank the Allied liner LANCONIA west of Africa

    • 136-man crew, some 80 civilians, military material and personnel (268 men)

    • Approx. 1800 Italian prisoners of war onboard

    • In the next days U-156 rescued some 400 survivors - 200 on board and the other 200 in lifeboats

    • On Sept 15, at 1130 hours U-506 under Kptlt Erich Würdemann arrived at the scene and continued to rescue the survivors

    • U.S. B-24 spotted and attacked U-156, forcing her to submerge


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    LACONIA ORDER

    • Resulting rescue attempt infuriated German High Command

    • Prompted one of the most controversial order Dönitz ever issued

    • Known as the Laconia order:

      • No U-boats were to take part in any rescue operations

      • Leave any survivors in the sea

    • Up until that time U-boats had on very many occasions helped the survivors of their victims with supplies, water, directions to nearest land


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    MARK VII DEPTH CHARGES


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    LIFE ONBOARD


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    U-BOAT LEGACY

    I


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    During WW II, over 40,000 sailors served on U- BOATS…


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    ….Fewer than 10,000 returned home….


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    ….A 75% Fatality Rate….


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    U-505 Museum in Chicago, Ill


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    BOOKS ABOUT U-BOATS


    Deutsche unterseeboote operationen im zweiten weltkrieg

    WEBSITES ABOUT U-BOATS

    http://www.uboat.net/index.html

    http://www.u-boot-archiv.de/index.php


  • Login