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North America - I (CHAPTER 3: 134-155). DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS. ANGLO-AMERICAN LABEL ENGLISH LANGUAGE CHRISTIAN FAITHS EUROPEAN NORMS GOVERNMENT, ARCHITECTURE, DIET, ARTS HIGHLY URBANIZED MOBILE POPULATIONS HIGH INCOMES MANUFACTURING OUTPUT FEDERAL STATES WITH PLURAL SOCIETIES.

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North america i chapter 3 134 155
North America - I(CHAPTER 3: 134-155)


Defining characteristics
DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS

  • ANGLO-AMERICAN LABEL

  • ENGLISH LANGUAGE

  • CHRISTIAN FAITHS

  • EUROPEAN NORMS

    • GOVERNMENT, ARCHITECTURE, DIET, ARTS

  • HIGHLY URBANIZED

  • MOBILE POPULATIONS

  • HIGH INCOMES

  • MANUFACTURING OUTPUT

  • FEDERAL STATES WITH PLURAL SOCIETIES




INDIGENOUS

DOMAINS


THE IMMIGRANT EXPERIENCE: 1820-1980

South/East

Europe

10000

Germany

Scandinavia

8000

Latin America

Asia

British

Isles

6000

Immigration in 1000s

4000

2000

1820

1840

1860

1880

1900

1920

1940

1960

1980

Push FactorsPull Factors

+1840s: Irish Potato Famine +Economic Opportunity

+1850-1920: Overpopulation, War +Political/Religious Freedom

+Recent: Overpopulation, War, Oppression +Land Availability



Urban geography
URBAN GEOGRAPHY

  • CONCERNED WITH THE SPATIAL ASPECTS OF CITIES AND URBAN NETWORKS

  • 4 MAJOR THEMES

    • HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF CITIES

    • INTERURBAN GEOGRAPHY

    • INTRAURBAN GEOGRAPHY

      • URBAN SOCIAL GEOGRAPHY

    • PLANNING AND POLICY-MAKING

  • 3 KEY MODELS

    • BORCHERT; ADAMS; VANCE


Borchert s model metropolitan evolution
BORCHERT’S MODEL(METROPOLITAN EVOLUTION)

  • GENERALIZATION OF THE HISTORICAL GROWTH OF THE US URBAN SYSTEM

  • BASED ON KEY CHANGES IN ENERGY AND TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY

  • OCCURRED IN 5 STAGES

    • Sail-Wagon Epoch (1790-1830)

    • Iron Horse Epoch (1830-1870)

    • Steel-Rail Epoch (1870-1920)

    • Auto-Air-Amenity Epoch (1920-1970)

    • Satellite-Electronic-Jet Propulsion Epoch (1970-?)


Adam s model
ADAM’S MODEL

  • FOCUSED ON INTRAURBAN GROWTH

  • BASED ON BREAKTHROUGHS IN TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY

  • A PATTERN OF OUTWARD-AREAL EXPANSION

  • OCCURRED IN 4 STAGES

    • <1888- WALKING-HORSECAR ERA

    • 1888-1920- ELECTRIC STREETCAR ERA

    • 1920-1945- RECREATIONAL AUTO ERA

    • 1945-PRESENT- FREEWAY ERA


Adam s model stages of intraurban growth
ADAM’S MODEL(STAGES OF INTRAURBAN GROWTH)

Electric Streetcars,

commuter railroads

Arterial Highways

Expressways

1


Adam s model stages of intraurban growth1
ADAM’S MODEL(STAGES OF INTRAURBAN GROWTH)

Electric Streetcars,

commuter railroads

Arterial Highways

Expressways

1


Adam s model stages of intraurban growth2
ADAM’S MODEL(STAGES OF INTRAURBAN GROWTH)

Electric Streetcars,

commuter railroads

Arterial Highways

2

Expressways

1

1880


Adam s model stages of intraurban growth3
ADAM’S MODEL(STAGES OF INTRAURBAN GROWTH)

Electric Streetcars,

commuter railroads

Arterial Highways

2

Expressways

1

1880


Adam s model stages of intraurban growth4
ADAM’S MODEL(STAGES OF INTRAURBAN GROWTH)

Electric Streetcars,

commuter railroads

Arterial Highways

3

3

2

Expressways

1

1880

1920


Adam s model stages of intraurban growth5
ADAM’S MODEL(STAGES OF INTRAURBAN GROWTH)

Electric Streetcars,

commuter railroads

Arterial Highways

3

3

2

Expressways

1

1880

1920


Adam s model stages of intraurban growth6
ADAM’S MODEL(STAGES OF INTRAURBAN GROWTH)

Electric Streetcars,

commuter railroads

4

Arterial Highways

3

2

Expressways

1

1880

1920

1940

1990s


Urban spatial changes microscale intraurban
URBAN SPATIAL CHANGESMICROSCALE (Intraurban)

  • James Vance defines a new tributary area;URBAN REALMS

  • Single urban structure of the past is transformed into a multicentered model in which several outlying activity concentrations rival the Central Business District (CBD)


Ideal form of multicentered urban realms model
IDEAL FORM OF MULTICENTERED URBAN REALMS MODEL


North america i chapter 3 134 1551
North America - I(CHAPTER 3: 134-155)


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