Food industry
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Food industry. Problem: No inspections of factories or quality of product Businesses “fatten” bottom line by decreasing quality Example- meat industry. Proposed solutions. Meat Inspection Act~ Guaranteed that the government inspects all meat

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Food industry
Food industry

  • Problem:

  • No inspections of factories or quality of product

  • Businesses “fatten” bottom line by decreasing quality

  • Example- meat industry


Proposed solutions
Proposed solutions

  • Meat Inspection Act~

    • Guaranteed that the government inspects all meat

    • Factories closed or fined if not following regulations

  • Pure Food and Drug Act~

    • Made sure what was advertised was in the product, and what was in the product was advertised.

    • Both are still effective in society today


Workers problems
Workers problems

  • Problems:

    • Hours

    • Wages

    • Injuries

    • Conditions

      Example:

      Triangle Shirtwaist

      Factory


Proposed solutions1
Proposed solutions

  • Adamson act~

    • Set the working hours

    • Example: Railroad workers will work an average of 8 hours a day (6 days a week)

  • Minimum wage laws~

    • Each state sets the minimum wage

    • Based on each states’ economy

  • Workman’s compensation insurance~

    • Receive money for each week out of work if injured on the job

    • Could not be fired if hurt on job


Muller vs. Oregon (1908)

  • Louis Brandies

  • Persuaded the Supreme court to pass laws protecting women’s weaker bodies from certain work conditions

  • Hailed a success

  • Closed women out of “male” jobs

    Workers gain control in work place


Political problems and solutions
Political problems and solutions

  • Problem:

    • Need to regain power lost by the people

    • Political Machines & Corruption

      • Spoils system

      • Voters have little to no power

      • (senators part of “millionaires club”)

      • Political Bosses and individuals ran the cities as their own Kingdoms


Proposed solutions2
Proposed solutions

  • 17th amendment

  • State Level

    • The initiative enables citizens to draft laws and constitutional amendments and place them on the ballot for a popular vote.

    • The referendum provides for a popular vote on laws passed by the legislature.

    • The recall allows citizens to remove elected officials from office.

  • Australian (“Secret”) Ballot


Social problems
Social problems

  • Problem:

    • Tenement and slums

    • The poor

    • Conditions in the cities


Solutions
Solutions:

  • Housing regulations~

    • Each large city passes own regulations

  • Settlement houses~

    • Set up to help poor and immigrant assimilation

    • Provide temporary relief

    • Ex. Hull House

  • Salvation army~

    • Provided food, clothing, shelter to the needy


Alcohol
alcohol

  • Solutions:

    • 18th amendment~

    • Temperance movement~

      • Women’s Christian Temperance Movement

      • Leader Carrie Nation

      • Nation divided into “wet” & “dry”

      • “dry” controlled congress in 1919


Women
Women

  • Women defining a new social role

  • More active in unions and organizations

  • Wyoming 1st state to give vote to women (1869)

  • Took 72 years for all states to allow women to vote

    • 1st demand at Seneca Falls, NY in 1848

  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton

  • Susan B. Anthony

  • Carrie Chapman Catt

  • Alice Paul


Woman s suffrage
Woman’s Suffrage

  • Political reformers want the woman’s vote

  • This would change the tone of elections

  • Many were afraid woman would be a second vote for their husband


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