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Bellringer. Take out a piece of paper and write on the top: “ Bellringer , 11/18/11” (this will be page 43) Answer the following question: For each of the following events, give a one description of what it was. Estates-General Tennis Court Oath Storming of the Bastille Great Fear

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Bellringer
Bellringer

  • Take out a piece of paper and write on the top: “Bellringer, 11/18/11” (this will be page 43)

  • Answer the following question:

    • For each of the following events, give a one description of what it was.

      • Estates-General

      • Tennis Court Oath

      • Storming of the Bastille

      • Great Fear

      • March on Versailles/ Bread Riots

  • BJOTD: What did the dolphin say when it bumped into the whale?



Where did we leave off
Where did we leave off?

  • Old Regime

  • Estates General

  • National Assembly

  • Tennis Court Oath

  • Storming the Bastille

  • Great Fear

  • March on Versailles


The rule of the national assembly
The Rule of the National Assembly

  • August 1789-1792

  • All three Estates participated in the National Assembly

  • August 1789: Declaration of the Rights of Man passed

    • Included many Enlightenment ideas and ideas from the Declaration of Independence like Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Religion

    • DID NOT apply to women

  • In June 1791, Louis XVI and his family tried to escape but were recaptured and brought back to Paris to be put in jail



Factions in the national assembly
Factions in the National Assembly

Radicals

Moderates

Conservatives

  • Sat on the left side of the hall and were called left-wing

  • Hated the idea of a king and a monarchy

  • Wanted to make extreme changes to the government

  • Believed that the people should have all the power

  • Sat in the center of the hall and were called centrists

  • Wanted some changes in government, but not as many as the radicals

  • Sat on the right side of the hall and were called right-wing

  • Liked the idea of a limited monarchy

  • Wanted to make very few changes to the government

  • Other groups on left: Emigres

  • Other groups on right: sans-culottes


  • Radicals in France tried to spread their revolutionary ideas to other countries and got France into wars with Austria and Prussia

    • Austria and Prussia wanted Louis back in power, but the Legislative Assembly said no, and declared war on them.

  • France was in chaos. People in Paris rioted. Thousands of people were killed, and others worried about the state of France.


  • September 21, 1792: The Legislative Assembly is changed to the National Convention which met, abolished (got rid of) the monarchy, and declared France a republic

    • Adult males could now vote

    • Louis XVI was tried and found guilty of treason

  • January 21, 1793: Louis was killed by the guillotine

    • Marie was killed in October 1793


Terror grips france
Terror Grips France the

  • The new republic had two MAJOR problems: the ongoing war with Prussia and Austria, and the fact that common people in France were rebelling over the killing of the King.

  • In the middle of the chaos, Maximilien Robespierre assumed power. He killed anyone who threatened his power. (Over 40,000 people)

  • 85% of the people killed were poor (supposedly those for whom the Revolution was carried out). This was called the Reign of Terror


The end of the terror
The End of the Terror the

  • July 1794: the National Convention met and knew they had to get rid of Robespierre

  • July 28, 1794: Robespierre lost his head.

  • National Convention met and created another new government (the third since 1789).

    • New plan gave power to the middle class, created a two branch legislature, and an executive branch known as the Directory

    • The Directory picked a guy named Napoleon to be their new commander of the French armies


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  • Who was the leader in charge of France during the Reign of Terror, and why was this period called the Reign of Terror?

  • Did the Reign of Terror help lead the French people towards democracy? Why or why not?


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