Bellringer
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Bellringer. Take out a piece of paper and write on the top: “ Bellringer , 11/18/11” (this will be page 43) Answer the following question: For each of the following events, give a one description of what it was. Estates-General Tennis Court Oath Storming of the Bastille Great Fear

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Bellringer

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Bellringer

  • Take out a piece of paper and write on the top: “Bellringer, 11/18/11” (this will be page 43)

  • Answer the following question:

    • For each of the following events, give a one description of what it was.

      • Estates-General

      • Tennis Court Oath

      • Storming of the Bastille

      • Great Fear

      • March on Versailles/ Bread Riots

  • BJOTD: What did the dolphin say when it bumped into the whale?


French Revolution, Part II


Where did we leave off?

  • Old Regime

  • Estates General

  • National Assembly

  • Tennis Court Oath

  • Storming the Bastille

  • Great Fear

  • March on Versailles


The Rule of the National Assembly

  • August 1789-1792

  • All three Estates participated in the National Assembly

  • August 1789: Declaration of the Rights of Man passed

    • Included many Enlightenment ideas and ideas from the Declaration of Independence like Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Religion

    • DID NOT apply to women

  • In June 1791, Louis XVI and his family tried to escape but were recaptured and brought back to Paris to be put in jail


  • The National Assembly continued to pass reforms:

    • Made France a limited monarchy:

      • The National Assembly was now the Legislative Assembly in France.

  • 3 factions, or groups, developed in the National Assembly


Factions in the National Assembly

Radicals

Moderates

Conservatives

  • Sat on the left side of the hall and were called left-wing

  • Hated the idea of a king and a monarchy

  • Wanted to make extreme changes to the government

  • Believed that the people should have all the power

  • Sat in the center of the hall and were called centrists

  • Wanted some changes in government, but not as many as the radicals

  • Sat on the right side of the hall and were called right-wing

  • Liked the idea of a limited monarchy

  • Wanted to make very few changes to the government

  • Other groups on left: Emigres

  • Other groups on right: sans-culottes


  • Radicals in France tried to spread their revolutionary ideas to other countries and got France into wars with Austria and Prussia

    • Austria and Prussia wanted Louis back in power, but the Legislative Assembly said no, and declared war on them.

  • France was in chaos. People in Paris rioted. Thousands of people were killed, and others worried about the state of France.


  • September 21, 1792: The Legislative Assembly is changed to the National Convention which met, abolished (got rid of) the monarchy, and declared France a republic

    • Adult males could now vote

    • Louis XVI was tried and found guilty of treason

  • January 21, 1793: Louis was killed by the guillotine

    • Marie was killed in October 1793


Terror Grips France

  • The new republic had two MAJOR problems: the ongoing war with Prussia and Austria, and the fact that common people in France were rebelling over the killing of the King.

  • In the middle of the chaos, Maximilien Robespierre assumed power. He killed anyone who threatened his power. (Over 40,000 people)

  • 85% of the people killed were poor (supposedly those for whom the Revolution was carried out). This was called the Reign of Terror


The End of the Terror

  • July 1794: the National Convention met and knew they had to get rid of Robespierre

  • July 28, 1794: Robespierre lost his head.

  • National Convention met and created another new government (the third since 1789).

    • New plan gave power to the middle class, created a two branch legislature, and an executive branch known as the Directory

    • The Directory picked a guy named Napoleon to be their new commander of the French armies


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  • Who was the leader in charge of France during the Reign of Terror, and why was this period called the Reign of Terror?

  • Did the Reign of Terror help lead the French people towards democracy? Why or why not?


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