County of san diego department of environmental health ust and used oil regulations update
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County of San Diego DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH UST and Used Oil Regulations Update. Ag Water Quality Research and Education Program Meeting June 15, 2004. Underground Fuel Storage Tanks in Agriculture. June 15, 2004 Lisa Leondis. Abbreviations & Definitions.

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County of San Diego DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH UST and Used Oil Regulations Update

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County of san diego department of environmental health ust and used oil regulations update

County of San DiegoDEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTHUST and Used Oil Regulations Update

Ag Water Quality Research and Education Program Meeting

June 15, 2004


Underground fuel storage tanks in agriculture

Underground Fuel Storage Tanks in Agriculture

June 15, 2004

Lisa Leondis


Abbreviations definitions

Abbreviations & Definitions

  • UST = underground storage tank

  • HMD = Hazardous Materials Division

  • “Farm” a place of agricultural production which has annual sales of agricultural products of $1000 or more.


Exemptions lg bulletin 109 1 7 94 hsc 25281 x

Exemptions LG Bulletin 109-1 (7-94) HSC 25281(x)

  • Farm Tanks are exempt from state UST regulations

  • “Farm Tank” means a tank that:

    • is located on a farm

    • holds < 1100 gal. motor vehicle fuel

    • fuel used primarily for agricultural purposes

    • fuel is not held for resale.


Exemptions

Exemptions

  • Home Heating Oil Tanks are exempt from state UST regulations

  • “Heating Oil Tank” means a tank:

    • located on a farm or at a personal residence

    • that holds < 1100 gal. of home heating oil

    • which is used consumptively at the premises


Exemptions1

Exemptions

  • Exempt Farm Tanks are not subject to UST installation, operating and closure requirements.

  • SWQCB maintains authority to require clean up or other pollution prevention measures if the tanks threaten water quality.

  • There is no exemption from liability.


How to obtain exemption

How to Obtain Exemption

  • Complete the “Claim of Exemption from Underground Storage Tank Regulations and Law” form.

  • Submit to HMD at the address on the form.

  • Provides concurrence that HMD agrees that tank is exempt, may be needed for real estate transactions, lenders, etc.


Loss of exemption

Loss of Exemption

If the tank is changed to a regulated use:

  • an operating permit must be obtained, or

  • the tank system must be closed in accordance with HSC Chapter 6.7.


Loss of exemption1

Loss of Exemption

  • If a tank has lost its exemption, do not remove the tank system without a removal permit.

  • Contact the HMD Duty Desk at

    619-338-2231 and request information on UST removal.


A regulated ust

A Regulated UST


Regulated usts

Regulated USTs

To obtain an operating permit from HMD, tanks must comply with 1998 upgrades:

  • Corrosion protection

  • Spill buckets on fill tubes

  • Overfill prevention

  • Striker plates for “stickable” openings

  • Leak detection for pressurized piping


Regulated usts1

Regulated USTs

Additional requirements:

  • Secondary containment and testing for tanks, piping and dispensers

  • Annual testing and certification of the monitoring system

  • Monitoring and Emergency Release Plans

  • Certification of Financial Responsibility


Special concern

Special Concern

  • USTs within 1000 feet of a public drinking well must use enhanced leak detection with Tracer technology.


County of san diego department of environmental health ust and used oil regulations update

Any questions about exempt or regulated USTs so far?


Training plus regulations new for usts

Training Plus RegulationsNew for USTs

May 13, 2004

Sylvia Mosse


Changes how do we get the word out

Changes, how do we get the word out??


Ust training plus regulations

UST Training Plus Regulations

  • EffectiveMay 8, 2004

  • Implements training requirements found in SB 989

  • Clarifies double-wall pressurized piping monitoring

  • Addresses materials compatibility and permeability


Sb 989 required training for

SB 989 Required Training For:

  • UST Owners and Operators

  • UST Service Technicians

  • UST Installers, and

  • UST Inspectors

  • “…..meet minimum industry–established training standards..” HSC 25284.1(a)(4)(A)(i)

  • Adds23 CCR Section 2715


Owner requirements

Owner Requirements:

A signed statement must be submittedto the local agency, which:

  • indicates UST Owner understands and is in compliance with all applicable UST requirements

  • identifies the designated UST operator(s) for each facility owned

  • Any change of the designated operator must be reported to the local agency within 30 days of the change.

  • EffectiveJanuary1, 2005


  • Designated ust operator definition

    Designated UST Operator Definition

    • An individual designated by the owner to have responsibility for:

      • Training facility employees, and

      • Conducting monthly visual inspections

    • The Designated Operator is not considered the UST “operator” as defined in HSC Chapter 6.7, although the same person may hold both positions.


    Designated ust operator requirements

    Designated UST Operator Requirements

    • Pass the California UST System Operator exam administered by International Code Council (ICC) Effective January 1, 2005

    • Perform monthly visual inspections for each facility and maintain a log

  • Effective January 1, 2005

    • Provide on-the-job training for facility employees

      • Effective July 1, 2005


  • Designated ust operator facility employee training

    Designated UST Operator Facility Employee Training:

    Topics required to be covered:

    • Operation of the UST system consistent with facility’s best management practices

    • Monitoring equipment operation and alarm response

    • Spill/overfills response procedures

    • Emergency contact information

      • Effective July 1, 2005


    Designated ust operator icc ust system operator exam

    Designated UST OperatorICC UST System Operator Exam

    • Access Candidate Bulletin at www.iccsafe.org

    • Promissor testing center in San Diego (Computer based testing center)

    • $70.00 cost

    • Open book test

    • All required references for the California UST Operator are available for free on the web


    Designated ust operator icc ust system operator exam1

    Designated UST OperatorICC UST System Operator Exam

    Topics

    • 20%:Tanks, piping containment, monitoring systems and operation authority

    • 30%: Operating Requirements

    • 25%: Release detection

    • 17%: Record keeping

    • 8%: release reporting and confirmation


    Designated ust operator icc ust system operator exam2

    Designated UST OperatorICC UST System Operator Exam

    Direct link to all references on our website: http://www.sdcounty.ca.gov/deh/hmd/docs/ust-training-requirements-04-30-04.doc

    • California Code of Regulations Title 23

    • California Health & Safety Code Chapter 6.7

    • Straight Talk on Tanks EPA 510-B-97-007

    • Operating and Maintaining UST Systems EPA 510-B-00-008

    • Dollars & Sense EPA 510-K-95-004


    Designated ust operator monthly visual inspection

    Designated UST OperatorMonthly Visual Inspection

    • Review UST Alarm History

    • Inspect Spill Containers and UDC

    • Inspect containment sumps that have had

    • an alarm, no service visit, and check for

    • proper placement of sensors (lowest point).

    • Check to assure that all required testing and

    • maintenance have been completed

    • Verify that all appropriate facility employees

    • have been trained


    Designated ust operator monthly visual inspection report

    Designated UST OperatorMonthly Visual Inspection Report

    • Provide a copy of the report each month to owner or operator

    • Alert the owner/operator of any condition requiring follow-up

    • The owner or operator shall maintain a copy of the report and all attachments for the previous 12 months


    Designated ust operator facility employee training1

    Designated UST Operator Facility Employee Training

    Definition of Facility Employee:

    • an individual who is employed onsite, and

    • may be called upon to respond to spills, overfills

    • and other UST system problems

    • The “Facility Employee” is not considered the UST “operator” as defined in HSC Chapter 6.7, although the same person may hold both positions.


    Designated ust operator facility employee training2

    Designated UST Operator Facility Employee Training

    Training Topics required:

    • Operation of the UST system consistent with facility’s Best Management Practices

    • Monitoring equipment operation and alarm response

    • Spill/overfills response procedures

    • Emergency contact information

  • Effective July 1, 2005


  • Designated ust operator facility employee training3

    Designated UST Operator Facility Employee Training

    • Required within 30 days of hire for new employee

    • Must be conducted every 12 months

    • At least one trained facility employee must be

    • present during normal operating hours

    • A list of trained facility employees shall be

    • maintained onsite and include:

      • Training dates

      • Hiring dates for all employees hired after 7/1/05


    Frequency of ust training certification

    Frequency of UST Training/Certification

    • Designated UST Operators, Service

    • Technicians, Installers, and Inspectors must

    • be re-trained/re-certified every 24 months.

    • Facility Employees must be re-trained

    • annually


    23 ccr 2631 1 compatibility and permeability

    23 CCR 2631.1Compatibility and Permeability

    • UST Owner/operator must provide local agency with the compatibility and permeability testing results for UST components, upon request.

      • Results to include list of compatible products tested and the measured product permeation rates, if such testing is required by the industry code or engineering standard used to evaluate the component.

    • Required for new UST system components installed

    • after July 1, 2004


    23 ccr 2636 f monitoring of double walled pressurized piping

    23 CCR 2636 (f) Monitoring of Double-walled Pressurized Piping

    • Requires automatic line leak detectors for all double-walled pressurized piping

      • Mechanical or Electronic LLD can be used

      • Added in response to sensor study findings

      • Consistent with recent API recommendation

    • Effective November 9, 2004


    Monitoring of double walled pressurized piping

    Monitoring of Double-walled Pressurized Piping

    • Modifies the annual 0.1 gph piping test equivalent alternative:

      • Requires a continuous monitoring system that:

        • Stops the flow of the product at the dispenser

          when a leak is detected within the UDC, and

        • Provides “fail-safe” pump shut-down when a

          leak is detected at any other point in the

          piping system (turbine and transition sumps)

    • Effective May 8, 2004


    Monitoring of double walled pressurized piping1

    Monitoring of Double-walled Pressurized Piping

    Definition of Fail-safe

    • Monitoring system will shut down the turbine pump in the event of:

      • A power outage

      • When the monitoring system fails or

      • is disconnected


    County of san diego department of environmental health ust and used oil regulations update

    You can find the new regulations (and a whole lot more!) on the SWRCB website:

    http://www.swrcb.ca.gov/cwphome/ust/


    Used oil regulations

    Used Oil Regulations

    June 15, 2004

    Lisa Leondis


    What is used oil

    What is Used Oil?

    • Any oil refined from crude oil, or any synthetic oil, that has been used, and as a result of use or consequence of extended storage, or spillage, has been contaminated with physical or chemical impurities.


    What is used oil1

    What is Used Oil?

    • Vehicle crankcase oil

    • Engine lubricating oils

    • Transmission fluids

    • Gearbox & differential oils

    • Hydraulic oils

    • Compressor oils

    • Turbine, Bearing & Gear oils

    • Transformer/Electrical oils

    • Refrigeration oils

    • Metal working oils


    What is not used oil

    What is not Used Oil?

    • Antifreeze, brake fluid, other auto wastes

    • Fuels: gasoline, diesel, kerosene…

    • Grease, Solvents

    • Oils mixed with hazardous waste

    • Oils with >1000 ppm total halogens or

      > 5ppm PCBs

    • Wastewater with small amounts of used oil

    • Cooking oils


    Regulatory status labeling

    Regulatory Status & Labeling

    • Used oil shall be managed as a hazardous waste (HSC 25250.4).

    • Must be labeled “used oil”

    • Must be stored in tanks or containers

    • Containers and tanks must include the accumulation start date

    • Containers must also include the generator’s name and address, physical state, hazardous properties, and be closed.


    Improper storage of used oil filters

    Improper Storage of Used Oil & Filters

    • No labels

    • Open containers

    • Containers in poor condition


    Used oil container labeling a good start

    Used Oil Container Labeling (a good start)


    Used oil container labeling

    Used Oil Container Labeling


    Portable tanks

    Portable Tanks

    • DTSC is working on portable tank regulations.

    • For the meantime, these are regulated as containers.


    Labeling of tanks

    Labeling of Tanks


    Accumulation storage time

    Accumulation (Storage) Time

    • Used oil may be accumulated on site for 90 to 365 days depending on the total amount of hazardous waste produced by the generator in any given month.

    • 90 days for LQGs (>270 gal. or 2,200 lbs/mo.)

    • 180 days for SQGs (<270 gal. or 2,200 lbs/mo.)

      or 270 days for SQGs if waste is transported

      200+ miles

    • 365 days under satellite accumulation (<55 gal., direct supervision, at the point of generation)


    Record keeping

    Record keeping

    • Hazardous waste manifests, disposal records must be kept on site for 3 years.

    • If self-hauling, keep a record of how much used oil is transported, when, and to what collection center.

    • For used oil and used oil filters

    • Documents exempt status, if applicable


    Epa id numbers

    EPA ID Numbers

    • All generators of hazardous waste, even if exempt, need to obtain an EPA ID number.

    • The only exceptions are households, silver only (photographic) waste, and sponsored collection events.

    • Take application form if you need to obtain an EPA ID number.


    Exemptions2

    Exemptions

    • Household (do-it-yourselfers) are exempt from regulation, but must take used oil to a used oil collection center.

    • HMD exempts farms that generate < 5 gal/ month and < 50 gallon per year from obtaining a hazardous materials permit (UPFP) if the used oil is generated incidental to farming operations and is managed/recycled properly.


    When is farm used oil not exempt

    When is FARM used oil not exempt?

    • If more than 5 gal/month or more than 50 gal/year are generated, or

    • If 55 gallons or more are accumulated on site a any one time

    • If the used oil generation in not incidental to farming

    • A hazardous materials permit from the HMD (UPFP) must be obtained annually.


    Disposal transportation options

    Disposal/Transportation Options

    • Registered Hazardous Waste Haulers – using

      consolidated manifest

    • Self-Hauling: up to 55 gallons, but make sure the collection center can accept/handle drums

    • Mobile Maintenance Operations – these have their own requirements

    • County of San Diego “CESQG” program – if less than 27 gal. or 220 lbs. of hazardous waste is generated each month, special rates are available. Call our contractor at 800-714-1195.


    Cesqg program

    CESQG Program

    • Must generate less than 27 gallons or 220 pounds of hazardous waste per month.

    • Radioactive, infectious, and explosive wastes are not accepted.

    • Appointments are required.

    • Call phone number on flyer to get started.


    Used oil filters

    Used Oil Filters

    • Must be drained of all free flowing oil

    • Labeled as “Drained Used Oil Filters” with initial date of accumulation

    • Stored in rain-proof, non-leaking, tightly sealed containers

    • Up to one ton may be stored for one year

    • Must be recycled (scrap metal)


    Universal waste

    Universal Waste

    • CRTs may not be disposed of to landfills -must be recycled - see brochure.

    • Other universal wastes include batteries, fluorescent lamps, non-empty aerosol cans, and many other items.

    • Businesses are currently regulated.

    • Household exemptions expire 2-8-06.


    County of san diego department of environmental health ust and used oil regulations update

    Any Questions ???Contact information:HMD Duty Desk 619-338-2231orLisa Leondis [email protected]


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