Wednesday march 28 2012
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Wednesday, March 28, 2012. Goal: 10.9.1 Explain in detail what life was like in America during the Cold War In-class: Atomic Café Video, CST Review Questions Warm-up: What was the U.S. containment policy? Homework: None tonight!. Thursday, March 29, 2012.

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Wednesday, March 28, 2012

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Wednesday march 28 2012

Wednesday, March 28, 2012

Goal: 10.9.1 Explain in detail what life was like in America during the Cold War

In-class: Atomic Café Video, CST Review Questions

Warm-up: What was the U.S. containment policy?

Homework: None tonight!


Thursday march 29 2012

Thursday, March 29, 2012

Goal: 10.9.4 Analyze the rise of Mao & explain the political & economic upheavals in China

In-class: 17.2 Communists Take Over China Notes, Worksheet

Warm-up: What are some things you know about China today? Policies? Government? Economy?

Homework:Finish worksheet (should be done in class)


Wednesday march 28 2012

17.2 Communists Take Power in China


Communists vs nationalists

Communists vs. Nationalists

  • China was in a Civil War between the Nationalists & Communists

  • Japan invaded in 1937 and both groups united to fight against the Japanese during WWII


The communists

The Communists

  • Mao Zedong—leader of the Chinese Communist Party (founded in 1921)

  • Had a stronghold in Northwestern China

  • Mobilized peasants for guerilla warfare against the Japanese

  • Made efforts to improve food production & literacy & won support in NW China by 1945


The nationalists

The Nationalists

  • Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-Shek)—leader of the Nationalist

  • Dominated Southwest China

  • Did not do much fighting in WWII

  • Instead, they saved up strength to fight Mao’s Red Army after WWII ended


Chinese civil war resumes

Chinese Civil War Resumes

  • Renewed Civil War lasted from 1946-1949

  • Nationalist Army outnumbered the Communists & were supported by the U.S.

  • Nationalists could not win popular support

  • China’s economy collapsed as a result of WWII & thousands of soldiers & civilians switched to the Communist Party


Chinese civil war resumes1

Chinese Civil War Resumes

  • By 1949, China’s major cities fell to Mao’s Red Army

  • Jiang’s army & government fled to Taiwan

  • Mao’s Promises

    • Give land back to the peasants

    • China became the People’s Republic of China

    • Signed Treaty of Friendship with Russia (1950)


Two chinas

Two Chinas

  • Taiwan or Nationalist

    China

    • Supported by U.S.

    • Militarily weak & corrupt

    • Weak public support

  • Communist or People’s Republic of China

    • Supported by Soviets

    • Soviet-Chinese Alliance to support each other in an attack by the West

    • Experienced & motivated guerilla army

    • Strong public support


Communist china expands

Communist China Expands

  • Chinese Red Army expanded into Tibet, India, & Mongolia

  • 1950-51, brutally took over Tibet & the Dalai Lama fled to India

  • India harbored Tibetan refugees which increased tension between China and India

Mongolia

India


Communists transform china

Communists Transform China

  • Set up two political organizations, both headed by Mao until 1959

    • The Communist Party

    • National Government

  • Agrarian Reform Law of 1950

    • Mao seized land of owners & returned it to the peasants

    • Killed over a million people in the process

  • Established a 5-Year Economic Plan

    • Plan to boost industry & business

    • Increased output of coal, steel, concrete, & electricity


Communists transform china1

Communists Transform China

  • The Great Leap Forward (1958)

    • Called for large collective farms, or communes

    • Peasants worked & lived there, owning nothing

    • Considered a failure after crop famines killed 20 million people

  • China and USSR begin to compete to led the worldwide Communist Movement by the late 1950s


The cultural revolution

The Cultural Revolution

  • Led by the Red Guards, militias of Communist supporters

  • Goal: to establish a society of peasants & workers in which all were equal

  • Anything artistic & intellectual considered useless

  • Shut down colleges and schools

  • Intellectuals had to “purify” themselves by doing hard labor

  • Thousands executed & imprisoned

  • Chaos threatened the farm production & industry

  • Communist National Army was told to suppress the Red Guards & end the revolution


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