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Dangling Modifiers. By teacher. What they are. In sentences with dangling modifiers, the modifier (an explanation for a word) refers to the wrong word, creating a funny meaning. Example: Flattened by a truck tire, the dog ate the hamburger.

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what they are
What they are

In sentences with dangling modifiers, the modifier (an explanation for a word) refers to the wrong word, creating a funny meaning.

Example:

Flattened by a truck tire, the dog ate the hamburger.

The part up to the comma is the MODIFIER, and the noun directly after the comma is the WRONGLY MODIFIED WORD.

Rule: the NOUN after the comma must perform the ACTION or be that what is before the comma. Otherwise, you have a dangling modifier.

how to fix them
How to fix them

1. Change the word order, so the right person does the right thing. Example: “As a child, my mother always told me, ….” (WRONG)

“As a child, I was always told by my mother, ….”

However, this often makes the sentence passive. Rewrite it to make it active:

“When I was a child, my mother always told me, …”

2. Invent a person. Example: “Waiting for the bus, the time went by slowly.” (WRONG)

“As I was waiting for the bus, the time went by slowly.”

quiz time
Quiz time!

Now fix the sentences yourself:

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