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CCCM-CORE. Camp C oordination and C amp M anagement. Photo taken by Emily Troutman. Learning objectives. The framework of a CCCM program – CC, CA and CM The link between CCCM and other sectors Key stakeholder roles, responsibilities and accountability Sphere Standards for CCCM.

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CCCM-CORE

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Cccm core

CCCM-CORE

Camp Coordination and Camp Management

Photo taken by Emily Troutman


Cccm core

Learning objectives

The framework of a CCCM program – CC, CA and CM

The link between CCCM and other sectors

Key stakeholder roles, responsibilities and accountability

Sphere Standards for CCCM

Objective 1

Objective 2

Objective 3

Objective 4


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The role of the CCCM sector

secure and uphold the rights of displaced communities living in camps and camp like settings.

improve the living conditions of IDPs located in communal settlements.

be a coordination mechanism to the inter-camp (within a camp) and intra-camp (among several camps) levels.

ensure the systematic participation of the displaced communities in all camp activities

The framework of a CCCM program

Objective 1


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access and delivery of humanitarian services to camps

  • effective coordination of humanitarian services / actors

  • provide partners with systematic information on camp residents, humanitarian services and gaps in a camp

  • application of international standards across camps

    ensure that the impact of a camp on a host community is well managed, establish links with the host community


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advocate for the creation of camps

function as provider of all services in a camp but rather serves as a coordinating body within and among camps/settlements.

replace the sectoral service providers in camp

The framework of a CCCM program

Objective 1

The CCCM does not:


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Dispersed settlement

  • Host communities

  • Host family

  • Rural self-settlement

  • Urban self-settlement

The framework of a CCCM program

Types of grouped settlements

Objective 1

  • Displacement sites

    • Self-settled camp

    • (spontaneous sites)

    • Planned camps

    • Transit camps/centres

    • 4. Collective centres


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Levels of intervention

The framework of a CCCM program

Objective 1


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Improve living conditions, assistance to and protection of IDPs in camps

Advocate for durable solutions

Effective common policy framework (policies, guidelines and standards) guiding humanitarian actors leading to better delivery of protection and assistance services in a camp

Consistency and common standards applied in all camps

Secure humanitarian space which includes unhindered access and delivery of humanitarian services to IDP camps

Sector goals and priorities

The framework of a CCCM program

Objective 1


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Secure camp coordination and camp management as a key sector which is resourced with adequate staff and funding

Organised closure and phase-out of camps upon IDPs return

Mainstreaming of cross-cutting issues including protection, environment, HIV/AIDS and age, gender and diversity

The framework of a CCCM program

Objective 1

Sector goals and priorities contd..


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Objective 1

The framework of a CCCM Program

Camp administration

is the role of governments and national authorities

pertains to the functions and activities related to overseeing and supervision of activities in camps and camp-like settings

responsible for securing land and occupancy rights

issuance of documentation and permits

facilitate access to camp by humanitarian agencies


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Objective 1

The framework of a CCCM program

Camp Coordination

The primary objective of the Camp Coordination function is to create the humanitarian space necessary for the effective delivery of protection and assistance

Coordination of the roles and responsibilities relating to develop and support national/regional plans relating to camps

Camp Coordination also includes the responsibility to set-up and maintain assessments, monitoring and information management systems


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Objective 1

The framework of a CCCM program

Camp management

Camp management encompasses those activities in one single camp such as:

  • Coordination of services

  • Governance and community participation/mobilization mechanisms

  • Maintenance of infra-structure

  • Data collection and sharing

  • Provision of defined services

  • Monitoring the service delivery

  • Planning for exit strategy is identified

  • Monitoring and referral of protection cases in the camp

  • Advocating for durable solutions

  • Advocate for standards in the camp


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Objective 1

The framework of a CCCM program

Camp phase-out and closure

can be a planned or abrupt process

should be linked to durable solutions, planned from the beginning of a camp operation, involve the affected community

the Camp Management Agency and other stakeholders should:

assess the voluntariness of return or resettlement

disseminate information on camp phase out activities

ensure participation and coordination in the process among all stakeholders

ensure that the site is left fit for the purpose it was used for prior to camp set-up


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CAMP LIFE CYCLE


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Camp planning and site selection

When camps are planned, a variety of factors play in the site selection:

SAFETY, security and protection it offers.

Cultural and social considerations, concerns about access, geology and topography, trees and vegetation, the potential impact on the environment and potential risks due to environmental causes of disease or other public health issues must be taken into account.

But first consideration should concern the SAFETY FROM HAZARDS


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Camp cycle - Camp set up

Supply of materials

&

NFIs

  • Identify site location

  • Access to water and sanitary requirements

  • Source NFI

  • Source shelter materials

  • Safer location and access of essentials to prevent GBV / abuses for IDPs

Availability of legal &

medical counselling


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  • Camp size, proximity to one another.

  • Equal distribution

  • Adequate facilities with respect to access and safety

Camp cycle - Care & Maintenance (CM)

  • Monitor & follow up

  • Community

  • participation

Service providers:

medical, legal &

psychosocial


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Camp cycle - camp closure

  • Transition to durable solutions

  • Legal support

  • Reusing used shelter materials

  • Environment

Permanent housing


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Objective 2

The link between CCCM and other

sectors

Key sectors involved in camps, camp life situations

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

Protection

Shelter

Early Recovery

Education

Food security

Health

Nutrition


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Objective 2

The link between CCCM and other sectors

  • SHELTER IN CCCM

  • ADMINISTRATION

  • COORDINATION

  • MANAGEMENT

  • DEVELOP SHELTER STRATEGIES TO DETERMINE:

  • CAMP SIZE

  • CAMP STRUCTURE

  • PROXIMITY TO ONE ANOTHER

  • SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

  • SAFE AND ADEQUATE WATER SUPPLIES AT VARIOUS SITES

  • DETERMINE :

  • HOW TO GET SUPPLIES TO CAMPS

  • HOW MANY SUPPLIES FOR EACH CAMP

  • MONITOR:

  • THE DEVELOPMENT OF SHELTERS

  • EXPLAIN SERVICE PROVIDERS:

  • HOW AND WHEN TO SET UP SHELTERS

  • PROCEDURES FOR MAINTENANCE AND SUPPLY DISTRIBUTION

  • ENSURE SHELTERS:

  • ARE DISTRIBUTED AROUND IMPORTANT RESOURCES

  • ARE SECURE


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Objective 2

The link between CCCM and other sectors

  • WASH IN CCCM

  • ADMINISTRATION

  • COORDINATION

  • MANAGEMENT

  • ENSURE:

  • ACCESS TO SAFE AND ADEQUATE WATER SUPPLY IN VARIOUS SITES

  • MONITOR:

  • WATER LEVELS AND SAFETY

  • SANITATION STANDARDS

  • ENSURE:

  • INFORMATION IS DISSEMINATED APPROPRIATELY

  • COMMUNICATION CHANNELS ARE OPEN

  • THE PARTICIPATION OF THE COMMUNITY IN MEETING THE NEEDS OF PARTICULAR GROUPS

  • ASSESS:

  • WATER / SEWAGE FACILITIES

  • ENSURE:

  • SUPPLIES ARE DISTRIBUTED APPROPRIATELY

  • SAFETY AND SECURITY FOR VULNERABLE GROUPS


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Objective 2

The link between CCCM and other sectors

  • EARLY RECOVERY IN CCCM

  • ADMINISTRATION

  • COORDINATION

  • MANAGEMENT

  • DETERMINE:

  • HOW CAMP POPULATIONS CAN BE TRANSITIONED INTO PERMANENT, SECURE SHELTER

  • WHAT RESOURCES CAN BE USED TO DEVELOP THESE HOMES

  • ASSESS:

  • THE NEEDS OF THE POPULATION

  • SUPPORT EARLY RECOVERY :

  • BY IDENTIFYING GAPS AND PRIORITIES

  • BY MOBILIZING RESOURCES\

  • CAPACITY BUILDING

  • MAINTAIN:

  • COMMUNICATION BETWEEN RELEVANT CLUSTERS

  • PROVIDE INFORMATION ON:

  • RECOVERY NEEDS OF CAMPS

  • ANALYSIS OF CAMP POPULATIONS


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Objective 2

The link between CCCM and other sectors

  • PROTECTION IN CCCM

  • ADMINISTRATION

  • COORDINATION

  • MANAGEMENT

  • ENSURE:

  • THE PROTECTION OF THE POPULATION

  • CIVILIAN NATURE OF THE CAMPS/CAMP-LIKE SETTING

  • SET UP:

  • PERIMETER FENCE (when and where possible) / SECURITY OUTPOSTS (strategic locations)

  • ESTABLISH:

  • SECURE AREAS AND SAFE TRANSPORT OF POPULATION

  • SECURITY MEASURES

  • COORDINATE :

  • REFERRAL MECHANISM / ENSURE REFERRAL NETWORK RESPONSES VIA CLEAR AND WORKABLE PATHWAYS

  • ENSURE:

  • CORRECT ORDER AND SECURITY OPERATIONS

  • CORRECT PROVISION OF COUNSELING AND/OR MEDICAL SERVICES

  • ORGANIZE:

  • PROTECTION COMMITTEES/CARETAKERS/CLEAR SIGNAGES


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IOM (natural disasters) and UNHCR (conflicts) co-lead the CCCM cluster

The following are partners of the global CCCM cluster:

ACTED – Architects de l’urgence – Care International – Catholic Relief Services

Danish Refugee Council – European Community Humanitarian Office

International Organization of Migration – International Rescue Committee – INTERSOS

Lutheran World Federation – Norwegian Refugee Council – Première Urgence

Proact network – RedR UK – Shelter Centre – UNEP – UNHCR

Objective 3

Key stakeholder roles, responsibilities and accountability in an IDP context

Key stakeholders involved in the CCCM cluster


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CCCM Needs Assessment: a package including contextualized data collection forms and database to identify the needs of the displaced population located in collective settlements

Population data statistics: their purpose is to track changes in number, composition and needs of displaced population in all communal settlements. Provides trend analysis of the overall situation for strategic planning and prioritization of assistance

Objective 3

Key stakeholder roles, responsibilities and accountability

Tools for an effective CCCM response


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Objective 3

Key stakeholder roles, responsibilities and accountability

Ensuring accountability

Ensuring accountability in camps is a main element of CCCM. It means placing the crisis-affected people at the heart of all decisions and actions.

Participation and protection of the community are key elements to ensuring accountability

The Humanitarian worker should be aware of the codes of conduct

The Humanitarian Accountability Partnership Standard as a must-read for any humanitarian worker


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Objective 3

Key stakeholder roles, responsibilities and accountability

Community PROTECTION and PARTICIPATION are two CCCM responsibilities which help ensuring accountability to the affected people.


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The Core Standards are essential process standards shared by all sectors. They provide a single reference point for approaches that underpin all sector specific standards in the Sphere Handbook.

There are six Core Standards:

Objective 4

Sphere standards for CCCM

The six Core Sphere Standards


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Camp Management Toolkit

NRC, 2008

The Sphere Handbook

The Sphere Project, 2011

CCCM- Displacement Tracking Matrix: handbook for the protection of the IDPs. Global Protection Cluster Working Group, March 2010


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  • http://www.globalcccmcluster.org/

  • http://www.spherehandbook.org/


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