The mesoamerican reef
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The Mesoamerican Reef. And its severe threats. By:Christopher Godoy. The Reef. The world second largest coral reef. Largest reef system in the Western Hemisphere. About 225 million years old. The reef acts as a natural barrier for storms and hurricanes.

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The Mesoamerican Reef

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The mesoamerican reef

The Mesoamerican Reef

And its severe threats. By:Christopher Godoy


The reef

The Reef

  • The world second largest coral reef.

  • Largest reef system in the Western Hemisphere.

  • About 225 million years old.

  • The reef acts as a natural barrier for storms and hurricanes.

  • The reef is a necessity for several plants and fish in order to survive.


The bio diversity

The Bio-Diversity

  • The Mesoamerican Coral Reef is home to a great diversity of marine animals.

  • 60 coral species, 350 mollusk and 500 fish species can be found throughout this majestic habitat.

  • Ranges from sponges to green sea turtles to bottle nosed dolphins and many more…


The threats of the reef

The Threats of the Reef

  • Researchers say 40% of the coral reef has already been damaged.

  • The reef suffers from many different aspects including;

    • Climate change

    • Fishing

    • Aquaculture

    • Agriculture

    • Tourism

    • Shipping


Climate change

Climate Change

  • The increase in temperature (2-3 F) warms the water around the reef, causing coral bleaching.

  • Coral Bleaching kills algae which is essential for the corals main food source.

  • Bleaching also damages the reef its self which threatens the many species of marine animals living throughout the diverse network of coral.


Climate change1

Climate Change

  • With the event of climate change, weather has become more unpredictable and more intense.

  • More stronger and frequent storms have lead to severe damage in the Mesoamerican Reef, because reefs absorb 6 times the energy produced in waves.


Fishing

Fishing

  • The extent of overfishing by businesses and citizens has lead to a sharp decrease of lobster, conch, and finfish in the Mesoamerican reef.

  • The amount of fishing has effected the ecologic equilibrium of the Coral Reefs.

  • Fishing in the Mesoamerican reef has also lead to pollution created by sediment from construction and boat traffic.


Plans to help

Plans to Help

  • The main focus from the WWF (World Wildlife Fund) is to spread the news of the help the Mesoamerican reef needs.

  • The WWF wishes to obtain more workers who have high degree of knowledge for this eco-system and dedicated them simply for this one major habitat.

  • In 1997, to maintain the coral reefs natural state WWF and the governments of Mexico, Belize, Honduras, and Guatemalacreated the eco-region conservation plan to help control the amount of fishing and other un-natural aspects that can harm the vast habitat.


Plans to help1

Plans to Help

  • Villagers on the costal regions of the Mesoamerican reef believe that more responsible fisheries management and stricter control of off-season fishing regulations and illegal fishing are needed to reduce the destruction of the reef system.

  • To reduce the amount of overfishing, new lobster cages have been created to allow smaller lobsters to escape and mature, and thus decrease the amount of wasted lobsters each year.

  • TNC (The Nature Conservancy) plan to create a network of sanctuaries in order to allow the coral reef to thrive and allow the species to re-populate.


Wwf in the mesoamerican reef

WWF in the Mesoamerican Reef

  • A short video of Sylvia Marin explaining her research and work on the habitat.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4PcSeWfvs4g


Bibliography

Bibliography

  • http://www.reefresilience.org/Toolkit_Coral/C8_MAR.html

  • http://www.worldwildlife.org/what/wherewework/mesoamericanreef/index.html

  • http://central-america.panda.org/about/countries/honduras/?uNewsID=74900

  • http://central-america.panda.org/about/countries/nicaragua/?uNewsID=70840


Thank you

Thank You


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