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The Mesoamerican Reef. And its severe threats. By:Christopher Godoy. The Reef. The world second largest coral reef. Largest reef system in the Western Hemisphere. About 225 million years old. The reef acts as a natural barrier for storms and hurricanes.

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the mesoamerican reef

The Mesoamerican Reef

And its severe threats. By:Christopher Godoy

the reef
The Reef
  • The world second largest coral reef.
  • Largest reef system in the Western Hemisphere.
  • About 225 million years old.
  • The reef acts as a natural barrier for storms and hurricanes.
  • The reef is a necessity for several plants and fish in order to survive.
the bio diversity
The Bio-Diversity
  • The Mesoamerican Coral Reef is home to a great diversity of marine animals.
  • 60 coral species, 350 mollusk and 500 fish species can be found throughout this majestic habitat.
  • Ranges from sponges to green sea turtles to bottle nosed dolphins and many more…
the threats of the reef
The Threats of the Reef
  • Researchers say 40% of the coral reef has already been damaged.
  • The reef suffers from many different aspects including;
    • Climate change
    • Fishing
    • Aquaculture
    • Agriculture
    • Tourism
    • Shipping
climate change
Climate Change
  • The increase in temperature (2-3 F) warms the water around the reef, causing coral bleaching.
  • Coral Bleaching kills algae which is essential for the corals main food source.
  • Bleaching also damages the reef its self which threatens the many species of marine animals living throughout the diverse network of coral.
climate change1
Climate Change
  • With the event of climate change, weather has become more unpredictable and more intense.
  • More stronger and frequent storms have lead to severe damage in the Mesoamerican Reef, because reefs absorb 6 times the energy produced in waves.
fishing
Fishing
  • The extent of overfishing by businesses and citizens has lead to a sharp decrease of lobster, conch, and finfish in the Mesoamerican reef.
  • The amount of fishing has effected the ecologic equilibrium of the Coral Reefs.
  • Fishing in the Mesoamerican reef has also lead to pollution created by sediment from construction and boat traffic.
plans to help
Plans to Help
  • The main focus from the WWF (World Wildlife Fund) is to spread the news of the help the Mesoamerican reef needs.
  • The WWF wishes to obtain more workers who have high degree of knowledge for this eco-system and dedicated them simply for this one major habitat.
  • In 1997, to maintain the coral reefs natural state WWF and the governments of Mexico, Belize, Honduras, and Guatemalacreated the eco-region conservation plan to help control the amount of fishing and other un-natural aspects that can harm the vast habitat.
plans to help1
Plans to Help
  • Villagers on the costal regions of the Mesoamerican reef believe that more responsible fisheries management and stricter control of off-season fishing regulations and illegal fishing are needed to reduce the destruction of the reef system.
  • To reduce the amount of overfishing, new lobster cages have been created to allow smaller lobsters to escape and mature, and thus decrease the amount of wasted lobsters each year.
  • TNC (The Nature Conservancy) plan to create a network of sanctuaries in order to allow the coral reef to thrive and allow the species to re-populate.
wwf in the mesoamerican reef
WWF in the Mesoamerican Reef
  • A short video of Sylvia Marin explaining her research and work on the habitat.
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4PcSeWfvs4g
bibliography
Bibliography
  • http://www.reefresilience.org/Toolkit_Coral/C8_MAR.html
  • http://www.worldwildlife.org/what/wherewework/mesoamericanreef/index.html
  • http://central-america.panda.org/about/countries/honduras/?uNewsID=74900
  • http://central-america.panda.org/about/countries/nicaragua/?uNewsID=70840
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