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Comparative Foreign Policy. Explaining National Doctrines. I. Organizing Foreign Policy: Ends and Means. Ends: Goals of Foreign Policies Keep Leaders in Power (the only end?) General Public Goods: Prosperity, Defense, Autonomy

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comparative foreign policy

Comparative Foreign Policy

Explaining National Doctrines

i organizing foreign policy ends and means
I. Organizing Foreign Policy: Ends and Means
  • Ends: Goals of Foreign Policies
    • Keep Leaders in Power (the only end?)
    • General Public Goods: Prosperity, Defense, Autonomy
    • Specific National Goals: Environmental Stability, Cultural Unity, etc.
b how do foreign policy goals differ
B. How do Foreign Policy Goals Differ?
  • US: Presidential Popularity, Prosperity, Defend Territory and Allies, Autonomy, Regional Hegemony, Global Hegemony (?)
  • France: Party Popularity, Prosperity, Defend Territory and Sphere of Influence, Autonomy
  • China: Party Control, Prosperity, Defend (Extended) Territory, Autonomy
  • Switzerland: Party Popularity, Prosperity, Defend Territory, Autonomy
  • Sweden: Party Popularity, Prosperity, Defend Territory, Autonomy
c conclusion ends are similar with a few exceptions
C. Conclusion: Ends Are Similar, with a few exceptions
  • “Extended” Territory vs. Regional Hegemony vs. Spheres of Influence vs. Alliance Networks
  • Global Leadership or Hegemony?
d means policies to achieve ends
D. Means: Policies to Achieve Ends
  • Popularity/Control: Selectorate Theory…
  • Prosperity: Development Theory and Rogowski’s Commerce and Coalitions
  • Autonomy vs. Security
    • Small states must restrict foreign policy (alliances or non-alignment) for security
    • Large states can have both: real division is between status quo power(s) and challengers
ii do rational calculations explain national doctrines
II. Do “Rational” Calculations Explain National Doctrines?
  • US
    • Promote international institutions -- but do not delegate authority to them
    • Free trade in services and high-tech manufacturing; restrictions on trade in agriculture and light manufacturing
    • Containment vs. large powers and intervention vs. small hostile ones
b what about the others
B. What about the others?
  • Discuss: France, China, Switzerland, Sweden
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