Comparative foreign policy
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Comparative Foreign Policy. Explaining National Doctrines. I. Organizing Foreign Policy: Ends and Means. Ends: Goals of Foreign Policies Keep Leaders in Power (the only end?) General Public Goods: Prosperity, Defense, Autonomy

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Comparative Foreign Policy

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Comparative foreign policy

Comparative Foreign Policy

Explaining National Doctrines


I organizing foreign policy ends and means

I. Organizing Foreign Policy: Ends and Means

  • Ends: Goals of Foreign Policies

    • Keep Leaders in Power (the only end?)

    • General Public Goods: Prosperity, Defense, Autonomy

    • Specific National Goals: Environmental Stability, Cultural Unity, etc.


B how do foreign policy goals differ

B. How do Foreign Policy Goals Differ?

  • US: Presidential Popularity, Prosperity, Defend Territory and Allies, Autonomy, Regional Hegemony, Global Hegemony (?)

  • France: Party Popularity, Prosperity, Defend Territory and Sphere of Influence, Autonomy

  • China: Party Control, Prosperity, Defend (Extended) Territory, Autonomy

  • Switzerland: Party Popularity, Prosperity, Defend Territory, Autonomy

  • Sweden: Party Popularity, Prosperity, Defend Territory, Autonomy


C conclusion ends are similar with a few exceptions

C. Conclusion: Ends Are Similar, with a few exceptions

  • “Extended” Territory vs. Regional Hegemony vs. Spheres of Influence vs. Alliance Networks

  • Global Leadership or Hegemony?


D means policies to achieve ends

D. Means: Policies to Achieve Ends

  • Popularity/Control: Selectorate Theory…

  • Prosperity: Development Theory and Rogowski’s Commerce and Coalitions

  • Autonomy vs. Security

    • Small states must restrict foreign policy (alliances or non-alignment) for security

    • Large states can have both: real division is between status quo power(s) and challengers


Ii do rational calculations explain national doctrines

II. Do “Rational” Calculations Explain National Doctrines?

  • US

    • Promote international institutions -- but do not delegate authority to them

    • Free trade in services and high-tech manufacturing; restrictions on trade in agriculture and light manufacturing

    • Containment vs. large powers and intervention vs. small hostile ones


B what about the others

B. What about the others?

  • Discuss: France, China, Switzerland, Sweden


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