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Ruth Naughton -Doe. Timebanking: where is the evidence? Ruth Naughton -Doe. What is time banking? Person-to-person time banking. Egalitarian Reciprocity. What can timebanking contribute to preventative social care?.

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Ruth naughton doe

Ruth Naughton-Doe

Timebanking: where is the evidence?

Ruth Naughton-Doe

What is time banking person to person time banking
What is time banking?Person-to-person time banking



What can timebanking contribute to preventative social care
What can timebanking contribute to preventative social care?

  • Co-production; de-professionalised services and building community capacity for self-help

  • Prevention through improving well-being

  • Practical support: that ‘extra bit of help’ (JFR, 2009)

The timebanking halo
The timebanking halo

  • Individuals/public: ‘that’s such a great idea!’

  • The media: Radio 4 documentary, BBC, newspapers

  • Think tanks and practitioners: NEF, NESTA, Spice

Where is the evidence s ystematic synthesis of literature
Where is the evidence? Systematic synthesis of literature

  • Biased, vested interests, practitioner-produced

  • Few quantitative outcomes studies (8)

  • Abundance of qualitative studies (but low quality)

  • Evidence of significant implementation challenges (USA, Japan)

Outputs what do time banks do
Outputs: What do time banks do?

  • Small numbers of members

  • Small proportion are active

  • Organisational members often very active

  • One-on-one exchanges are rare

    You mean the majority of timebanks are not doing one-on-one exchanges? It is not what I thought it was…

    (TV Researcher, London)

What were the outcomes
What were the outcomes?

  • Difficulties of collecting quantitative data

  • Quantitative data insignificant

  • Qualitative data demonstrates indicators of well-being and social capital

  • Mechanisms by which outcomes are generated include trust, flexibilityand variety.

Resources and finances the f word
Resources and Finances (‘The F Word’)

  • Resources: time-broker, facilities, day trips

  • Older people: access, transport and mobility

  • Short term funding, small grants

  • Cuts in social care; funding not a priority

Professionalisation and Bureaucracy‘Timebanking: how to professionalise a really good idea’ (TBUK WORKER)

  • Insurance, safeguarding, risk and CRB

  • Broker managed exchanges

    “You have to Introduce them to dog walker, assess the house, assess the dog, assess the owner, have a chat, and once we found the walker, introduce the two of them together and go out for a walk with them as well just for a safety measure. If that dog walker can’t make it on the day, they ring me, and I ring the person. Very often we advise them not to swap phone numbers as you can imagine what can happen.”

    (Time broker, North East England)

Human drama
Human drama

  • Time poverty (Burchardt, 2010)

  • Health problems

  • Reluctance to contribute (Fine, 2007)

    Practical challenges

  • Skills gaps

  • Unwanted tasks

  • Recruitment/retention


  • BURCHARDT, T. 2010. Time, income and substantive freedom: A capability approach. Time & Society, 19, 318-344

  • Department of Health (2012) Caring for our fture. Reforming Care and Support White Paper. London: DoH.

  • Hudson and Henwood (2008) Prevention, personalisaton and prioritisation in social care. Squaring the Circle. London: SCIE.

  • Joseph Rowntree Foundation (2009) Older people’s vision for long term care. London: JRF.

  • Hayashi, M. (2012) ‘Japan’s FureaiKippuTime-banking in Elderly Care: Origins, Development, Challenges and Impact’ International Journal of Community Currency Research 16 (A) 30-44  

  • NEF (2006) National Accounts of Well-Being. London: NEF.

  • Pawson and Tilley (2004) Realistic Evaluation. London: Sage.

  • SEYFANG, G. (2004) Working Outside the Box: Community Currencies, Time Banks and Social Inclusion. Journal of Social Policy, 33, 49-71.