Feudal japan
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Feudal Japan. “Land of the Rising Sun”. Terms to Know. Shinto = Earliest religion in Japan, pre-Buddhism. Believes all natural things have their own spirits. Clan = group of families related by blood, marriage

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Feudal japan

Feudal Japan

“Land of the Rising Sun”


Terms to know

Terms to Know

  • Shinto = Earliest religion in Japan, pre-Buddhism. Believes all natural things have their own spirits.

  • Clan = group of families related by blood, marriage

  • Taika Reforms = “Great Change”; forced some clans to give up land to the emperor; divided Japan into provinces; got idea from China

  • Prince Shotoku = Early emperor of Japan; brought constitution, reforms, encouraged Chinese study


Topic japan s chinese influence

Topic: Japan’s Chinese Influence

Question: What influence did China have on Japan?

Japan…

  • Allowed Buddhism from China and Korea to spread

  • Copied, thanks to Prince Shotoku, Chinese-style temples, Chinese and Korean art, medicine, architecture, philosophy…


Feudal japan

Reforms, art, medicine, philosophy, and so on…

HEY, QUIT COPYING!

What do students often say?


Feudal japan

JAPANESE FEUDAL

PYRAMID

  • Can it be compared to Europe’s during the Middle Ages?


Feudal japan

Oh, that’s right…


Feudal japan

Japanese Feudal Pyramid


Japanese feudal pyramid

Japanese Feudal Pyramid

  • Shogun = military and political leader of Japan; “great general”

  • Daimyo = high-ranking samurai lords who provided the shogun with warriors in exchange for land

  • Samurai = lower-ranking warriors who served their daimyo in exchange for small manors

  • Peasants = lowest class; most taxed; worked the land for their lord.


Feudal japan

Comparing and Contrasting

Feudal Japan and

Feudal Europe

Japan

Europe


Compare and contrast

Compare and Contrast

Area:

Feudal Europe

Feudal Japan

Chain mail (links,) heavy plates of steel

Iron, leather, and silk held together with leather straps

Armor

Most knights on foot, some on horses

Most samurai on foot, some on horses

Styles of battle

Sword, mace, bow and arrow, etc

Weapons

Sword mainly; some bamboo guns

“Chivalry” (courtesy, protecting serfs, loyalty to lord)

“Bushido” (give life to protect daimyo, set good examples)

Codes of Honor

Make six boxes down…


Feudal japan

Compare and Contrast

Latin; Clergy were literate, most others were not

Japanese; Shoguns forced most Samurai to learn

Literacy

Why did Feudalism die here?

Died around 1400. People moved off manors and into growing towns

Died in late 1800s. Shoguns adopted new technologies; Samurais were no longer needed


Rise of the shogun

Rise of the Shogun

  • Question: What was Japan like before Shoguns?

    • From 800-1100AD, mostly peaceful and stable, and refined

    • Buddhism encouraged, (2 types)

    • Few other clans were allowed to share power

    • Emperor most powerful

Japanese Buddhist Temple


Question why did the shoguns rise

Question: Why did the Shoguns rise?

By 1150, there was…

  • The leading clan became corrupt

    • Wars broke out between competing clans.

    • By 1185, after many exhausting wars, one leader, Yoritomo Minamoto, proved most powerful and became 1st Shogun

    • Emperors became just figureheads


Feudal japan

A cartoon Shogun Yoritomo, 1st Shogun


Shoguns still have influence in japanese culture today

Shoguns still have influence in Japanese culture today…


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