Capital and revenue receipts and expenditure
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Capital and Revenue (Receipts and Expenditure). Objective. Meaning and features of Capital and Revenue expenditure. Classify the expenditure into Capital and Revenue. Meaning and features of Capital and Revenue Receipts. Classify receipts into Capital and Revenue.

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Capital and Revenue (Receipts and Expenditure)

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Capital and revenue receipts and expenditure

Capital and Revenue(Receipts and Expenditure)


Objective

Objective

  • Meaning and features of Capital and Revenue expenditure.

  • Classify the expenditure into Capital and Revenue.

  • Meaning and features of Capital and Revenue Receipts.

  • Classify receipts into Capital and Revenue.

  • Deferred Revenue Expenditure


Capital and revenue expenditure

Capital and Revenue Expenditure

  • The preparation of Trading Account, Profit and Loss a/c and Balance Sheet requires the knowledge of:

  • Revenue expenditure,

  • Revenue receipts,

  • Capital expenditure and

  • Capital receipts.


Difference between expense and expenditure

Difference between ‘Expense’ and ‘Expenditure’

  • If utility of payment is availed during the same accounting period –Expense

  • If utility of payment is availed for more than one year –Expenditure


Revenue receipts

Revenue Receipts

  • Receipts generated out of routine business transactions

  • Earned by selling goods or services.

  • Available for meeting all day to day expenses of a business concern

  • Recurring in nature

  • E.g.

    • Sales proceeds received

    • Collection from debtors


Capital receipts

Capital Receipts

  • Do not arise due to normal course of business.

  • Non recurring in nature because not regularly earned by the business.

  • e.g.

    • Receipts from sale of fixed Assets

    • Receipts on account of raising of capital for business

    • Receipts on account of payments received towards debentures or other loan


Revenue expenditure

Revenue Expenditure

  • Benefit of it will be available only up to one accounting year.

  • Doesn’t lead to enhancement of earning capacity of the business.

  • Incurred for regular business activities.

  • Recurring in nature

  • Part of Trading or Profit and Loss account.


Revenue expenditure1

Revenue Expenditure

  • E.g.

    • Expenditure incurred on purchase of raw material.

    • Expenditure incurred on payment of wages, salaries, office expenses etc.

    • Expenditure incurred for the upkeep of an asset.


Capital expenditure

Capital Expenditure

  • Incurred for getting the long term benefit.

  • Benefit not exhausted within one accounting year, available for number of year.

  • Incurred to enhance profit earning capacity of business.

  • Non recurring in nature.


Capital expenditure1

Capital Expenditure

  • E.g.

    • Expenditure incurred for construction, acquisition or purchase of fixed asset.

    • Expenditure for installation of fixed asset.

    • Expenditure incurred to acquire right to carry on the business.


Deferred revenue expenditure

Deferred Revenue Expenditure

  • Expenses incurred during one accounting year but are applicable wholly or in part in future periods.

  • These expenditures are otherwise of a revenue nature.

  • Benefit is not confined to one accounting year - it extends to future accounting year or years also.

  • This expenditure does not result in the acquisition of any fixed asset.


Capital and revenue receipts and expenditure

  • E.g.

    • Expenditure incurred to the formation of a joint stock company i.e. Preliminary Expenses.

    • Expenditure on research and experiment connected with the introduction of a new product.

    • Heavy expenditure on advertisement for marketing a new product.

    • Expenditure on removal of business from one place to another place.


Capital and revenue receipts and expenditure

  • Whether expenditure is capital or revenue it depends upon its purpose and nature of business


Capital profits and losses

Capital Profits and Losses:


Revenue profits and losses

Revenue Profits and Losses:


Difference between revenue expenditure and capital expenditure

Difference between Revenue Expenditure and Capital Expenditure

  • Expenses incurred to run the business in one accounting period and the benefit of which is consumed in same accounting period.

  • Recurring in nature

  • Expenses not fully consumed within an accounting period, or which increase the earning capacity or decrease the future costs.

  • Non recurring in nature.


Difference between revenue expenditure and deferred revenue expenditure

Difference between Revenue Expenditure and Deferred Revenue Expenditure

  • Benefit of these expenditure is exhausted in one accounting year.

  • Recurring expenditure.

  • Benefit of these expenditure is not exhausted in one accounting year.

  • Non recurring expenditure.


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