Transcendentalism
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Transcendentalism. Transcendentalism . . . . is “a loose collection of eclectic ideas about literature, philosophy, religion, social reform, and the general state of American culture”. flourished in Concord and Boston during the 19 th Century.

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Transcendentalism

Transcendentalism


Transcendentalism1

Transcendentalism . . .

  • is “a loose collection of eclectic ideas about literature, philosophy, religion, social reform, and the general state of American culture”.

  • flourished in Concord and Boston during the 19th Century.

  • had a dramatic and lasting impact on American literature and culture.


Major tenets

Major Tenets

  • The individual is important, inherently good, and has free will.

  • Conscience, intuition, and morality are present at birth.

  • “Truth” about the universe and mankind’s place in it lies beyond our physical senses.

  • Individuals must use their intuition to “transcend” sensory knowledge to perceive this truth.


Basic belief system

Basic Belief System

  • self-reliance

  • self-discipline

  • individuality

  • simplicity


Transcendentalism s influence then now

Transcendentalism's Influence Then & Now

  • Abolition (Anti-Slavery Movement)

  • Utopianism (Creation of a perfect society)

  • Women’s Suffrage and Equal Rights

  • Environmentalism

  • Civil Rights Movement (Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr.)

  • American Literature (Emily Dickinson and F. Scott Fitzgerald)


Major transcendentalists

Major Transcendentalists

  • Ralph Waldo Emerson

  • Henry David Thoreau


Ralph waldo emerson 1803 1882

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)

“It is easy in the world to live after the world’s opinion: it is easy in solitude to live after our own; but the great man is one in the midst of the crowd keeps with perfect sweetness the integrity of the soul.” – Self-Reliance


Henry david thoreau 1817 1862

Henry David Thoreau (1817 – 1862)

“If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps he hears a different drummer.” – Walden


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