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Smail ALHILALI Cleaner & Sustainable Production Unit Environmental Management Branch UNIDO. 3 rd Global Networking Conference on RECP (RECP net ) Sustainable Agro Value Chains 3 September 2013 Montreux, Switzerland. Developing an environmental tool for the agro-industry. 3ADI. GII.

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Smail ALHILALI Cleaner & Sustainable Production Unit Environmental Management Branch UNIDO

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Smail alhilali cleaner sustainable production unit environmental management branch unido

Smail ALHILALI

Cleaner & Sustainable Production UnitEnvironmental Management Branch

UNIDO


Smail alhilali cleaner sustainable production unit environmental management branch unido

3rd Global Networking Conference on RECP(RECPnet)Sustainable Agro Value Chains3 September 2013Montreux, Switzerland


Developing an environmental tool for the agro industry

Developing an environmental tool for the agro-industry

3ADI

GII

  • Accelerating the development of agribusiness and agro-industries

  • Promoting sustainable development

  • Adding value to agricultural commodities

  • Achieving equitable economic growth without harming the environment

  • Seizing opportunities in terms of sustainable industrial development

  • Growing global demand for green solutions

Tool

Designing a tool for the diagnosis and remediation of environmental sustainability of agro value chains

UNIDO’s vision

Achieving economic progress and environmental sustainability simultaneously

Millennium Development Goals

  • Accelerating the development of agribusiness and agro-industries

  • Promoting sustainable development

  • Adding value to agricultural commodities


The tool will help to take sound decisions

The tool will help to take sound decisions

Taking sound decisions

Monitoring and evaluating interventions

Identifying greatest hot-spots in a value chain

Benchmarking impacts of different value chains

Designing scenarios

Designing interventions

Guiding principles

1

Focusing on environmental sustainability

2

Facilitating sound, evidence-based decisions

3

Being of practical nature

4

Enabling rapid use

5

Ensuring transferability

Key characteristics

1

Taking into consideration the whole value chain and multiple stakeholders; being applicable in all sectors

2

Covering multiple environmental parameters

3

Requiring little skills and resources

No current tool can fulfill all requirements;

hence it is necessary to develop a new one

4

Requiring little data


The tool will encompass a five step process

The tool will encompass a five step process

Five step process

Identifying benefits for stakeholders

Flexibility is key

  • The tool can be used by a variety of decision makers working at different levels at different stages in the chain

  • Data of different type from different sources and in different formats can be integrated

  • Environmental indicators can be selected according to the needs of a specific value chain


The value chain mirrors the businesses activities and relationships

The value chain mirrors the businesses, activities and relationships

Functional activities

Technology provision

Production

Transformation

Distribution

Consumption

Researching, developing,…

Planting, harvesting,…

Sorting, packaging,…

Storing, transforming,…

Consuming

Business organizations

Breeders

Farmers

Packaging station

Traders

Consumers

Definition of the value chain (UNIDO)

A value chain can be understood as a set of businesses, activities and relationships involved in creating a final product of services. It builds on the idea that a product is rarely consumed in its original form, but becomes transformed, combined with other products, transported, packaged and marketed until it reaches its final consumer. In this sense, a value chain describes how producers, processors, buyers, sellers and consumers – separated by time and space – gradually add value to products as they pass from one link in the chain to the next.


The value chain can be applied in environmental management

The value chain can be applied in environmental management

Material resources

Energy resources

Land resources

Chemical production and formulation

Mining and extraction

Fertilizer production

Crop cultivation

Expired food and packaging disposal

Crop storage

Retail outlet

Consumption phase

Bread or bear or oil production

Packaging

Transport

Emissions to air

Emissions to water

Emissions to land


A number of environmental indicators have been developed

A number of environmental indicators have been developed

EEA

NFICA

Defra

GRI

  • Air pollution

  • Biodiversity

  • Chemicals

  • Climate Change

  • Environment and health

  • Land use

  • Natural resources

  • Noise

  • Soil

  • Waste and materials

  • Water

  • Removals from the environment

  • Energy

  • Water

  • Other materials

  • Emissions to air

  • Emissions to water

  • Emissions to land

  • Resource use

  • Materials

  • Energy

  • Water

  • Biodiversity

  • Emissions, effluents and waste

  • Products and services

  • Compliance

  • Transport

  • Overall

  • Emissions and discharges to the environment

  • Air

  • Water

  • Land

Trade-off

Few indicators

Various indicators

  • Holistic

  • Complexity

  • Simplicity

  • Incompleteness


The nine boundaries may serve as a checklist for the tool

The nine boundaries may serve as a checklist for the tool

Nine planetary boundaries (SRC, ANU)

Climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, land use change, freshwater use, biodiversity loss, ocean acidification, nitrogen and phosphorus inputs, atmospheric aerosol loading, chemical pollution

  • Help to focus on the essential environmental factors; serve as a checklist

  • Allow to adapt according to the needs of different agro-industry sectors, locations or actors in the value chain

Eleven dimensions of human deprivation (Oxfam)

Water, food, health, gender equality, social equity, energy, jobs, voice, resilience, education, income

  • Help to prioritize the essential social issues

  • Eradicate poverty and inequity


A number of approaches and tools have been studied and evaluated

A number of approaches and tools have been studied and evaluated


A number of approaches and tools have been studied and evaluated1

A number of approaches and tools have been studied and evaluated


A number of approaches and tools have been studied and evaluated2

A number of approaches and tools have been studied and evaluated


A number of approaches and tools have been studied and evaluated3

A number of approaches and tools have been studied and evaluated


A number of things have to be done

A number of things have to be done


Smail alhilali cleaner sustainable production unit environmental management branch unido

Thank youSmail ALHILALICleaner & Sustainable Production UnitEnvironmental Management BranchUNIDO, Vienna , [email protected]


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