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Normalization of EDCS Codes. The EDCS Editors & the SEDRIS LO 6th WG8 Meeting, Stuttgart, GE 26 February, 2001. Issue: Several NB/LO inputs have identified potential problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example: The use of OR in Labels

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Normalization of edcs codes

Normalization of EDCS Codes

The EDCS Editors & the SEDRIS LO

6th WG8 Meeting, Stuttgart, GE

26 February, 2001


Normalization of edcs codes1

Issue: Several NB/LO inputs have identified potential problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:

The use of OR in Labels

ECC AIRPORT_OR_AIRFIELD

The use of or in definitions

EAC FARMING_TYPE, defined as “Type of field pattern or use.”

It is desirable that codes in this International Standard represent “atomic” (distinct) concepts

It is also desirable that codes representing composites of “atomic” concepts be supported

An “atomic” concept from the perspective of one encoding(e.g., “industrial plant”), may also validly be

A “specified composite” from the perspective of another encoding (e.g., <“steel mill” or “automotive plant” or “heavy manufacturing facility”>, as opposed to <“foundry” or “machine shop”>)

Normalization of EDCS Codes


Or s in classifications

129 cases of ECC Labels including “OR” problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:

Listed on next slide

394 additional cases where the definition includes the term “or” which may indicate two more “atomic” (distinct) concepts, but is not reflected in an “OR” in the current Label

Current use of or in Labels is not consistent

Appear* to be two distinct cases:

Alternative names for same concept

ATS_ROUTE_SEGMENT_OR_LEG

DISK_OR_DISH_ANTENNA

FLAGSTAFF_OR_FLAGPOLE

TOWN_OR_TOWNSHIP

Different “atomic” concepts

CHAIN_OR_WIRE

MARSH_OR_SWAMP

ORCHARD_OR_PLANTATION

RAILROAD_SIDING_OR_SPUR

“OR”s in Classifications

*: Since the Label is not definitive, one must examine the definition in order to make a final determination.


HEALTH_OFFICE_OR_CLINIC problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:

HISTORIC_SITE_OR_INTEREST_PT

ICE_PEAK_OR_NUNATAK

JAIL_OR_PRISON

KELP_OR_SEAWEED

KILN_OR_OVEN

LAGOON_OR_REEF_POOL

LAKE_OR_POND

LAKE_OR_POND_CENTER_NEXUS

LAND_USE_OR_COVER_VEGETATION

LANDMARK_OR_DISTANCE_POST

LIGHT_STANDARD_OR_SUPPORT

LIGHT_VESSEL_OR_LIGHTSHIP

LOCAL_PARK_OR_RECA_OR_ARBOR

LOG_BOOM_OR_BOOMING_GROUND

MANDATE_OR_CONVENTION_LINE

MARITIME_OR_SIGNAL_STATION

MARSH_OR_SWAMP

MILITARY_ADMIN_OR_OPS_BLDG

MISC_UWATER_OBJ_OR_REGION

MIXED_URBAN_OR_BUILT_UP_LAND

MOORING_OR_WARPING_FACILITY

NATION_PARK_OR_RECA_OR_ARBOR

OFF_ROUTE_RADIAL_OR_BEARING

OIL_OR_GAS_BUILDING

OIL_OR_GAS_FACILITIES

OIL_OR_GAS_FIELD

OIL_OR_GAS_REFINERY

OIL_OR_GAS_TANK_FARM

ORCHARD_OR_PLANTATION

OUTBUILDING_OR_OUTHOUSE

OVERFALLS_OR_TIDE_RIPS

OVERRUN_OR_STOPWAY

OYSTER_BED_OR_MUSSEL_BED

PAPER_OR_PULP_MILL

PERCHES_OR_STAKES

PIER_OR_WHARF_OR_QUAY

PILE_OR_PILING_OR_POST

PIPELINE_OR_PIPE

PLAZA_OR_CITY_SQUARE

PREPARED_RAFT_OR_BRIDGE_SITE

PREPARED_RAFT_OR_BRIDGE_SITE

PROCESS_OR_TREATMENT_PLANT

PROCESSING_OR_TREATMENT_BLDG

PUBLIC_INN_OR_RESTAURANT

QUARRY_OR_MINE_SHEAR_WALL

R_AND_D_LAB_OR_FACILITY

RAILROAD_OR_MARSHALLING_YARD

RAILROAD_SIDING_OR_SPUR

RAILROAD_TABLE_OR_ROUNDHOUSE

REGION_PARK_OR_RECA_OR_ARBOR

RESERVE_OR_RESERVATION

RIG_OR_SUPERSTRUCTURE

RIVER_OR_STREAM

RIVER_OR_STREAM_CENTER_NEXUS

ROCK_STRATA_OR_FORMATION

SAND_DUNE_OR_SAND_HILLS

SCHOOL_CAMPUS_PRI_OR_SECNDRY

SCRUB_OR_BRUSH_OR_BUSH

SEAPLANE_LANDING_OR_TAKE_OFF

SERVICE_OR_FUEL_STATION_MVEH

SETTLE_BASIN_OR_SLUDGE_POND

SIGNAL_BOX_OR_SIGNALMANS_HSE

SLIPWAY_OR_PATENT_SLIP

SNAGS_OR_STUMPS

SNOW_FIELD_OR_ICE_FIELD

SNOW_SHED_OR_ROCK_SHED

SPRING_OR_WATER_HOLE

STADIUM_OR_AMPHITHEATRE

STORAGE_BUNKER_OR_MOUND

SUBSTATION_OR_TRANSFORM_YARD

SUBWAY_OR_UNDERGRND_RAILWAY

SURFACE_OBJECT_OR_REGION

TELEPHONE_OR_TELEGRAPH_LINE

TELEPHONEGRAPH_PYLON_OR_POLE

TOWN_OR_TOWNSHIP

UNDERGROUND_OR_PHREAT_WATER

UNDERWATER_DANGER_OR_HAZARD

UNIVERSITY_OR_COLLEGE

VEHICLE_OR_EQUIP_COMPONENT

VEHICLE_STOP_OR_REST_AREA

VEHICLE_STORE_OR_PARK_AREA

WATERMILL_OR_GRISTMILL

WAYPOINT_OR_REPORT_CALLPOINT

WRECKING_OR_SCRAP_YARD

YACHT_CLUB_OR_SAILING_CLUB

ZOO_OR_SAFARI_PARK

AERIAL_CABLE_OR_LIFT_LINES

AERIAL_CABLE_OR_LIFT_PYLON

AIRPORT_OR_AIRFIELD

APRON_OR_HARDSTAND

ATS_ROUTE_SEGMENT_OR_LEG

AUTOMOBILE_OR_TRUCK_PLANT

BAMBOO_OR_CANE

BARN_OR_MACHINERY_SHED

BASTION_OR_RAMPART_OR_FORT

BLUFF_OR_CLIFF_OR_ESCARPMENT

BREACH_POINT_OR_LANE

BREAKWATER_OR_GROIN

BRIDGE_OR_OVPASS_OR_VIADUCT

BRIDGE_TOWER_OR_PYLON

BURNER_OR_FLARE_STACK

CAMPGROUND_OR_CAMPSITE

CHAIN_OR_WIRE

CHIMNEY_OR_SMOKESTACK

CLEARED_OR_CUT_OR_FIREBREAK

COASTLINE_OR_SHORELINE

CONSTRICTION_OR_EXPANSION

CONTROL_POINT_OR_STATION

CORRECTIONAL_OR_PRISON_FAC

CREVICE_OR_CREVASSE

DAM_OR_WEIR

DISK_OR_DISH_ANTENNA

DISPOSAL_SITE_OR_WASTE_PILE

DREDGE_OR_SHOVEL_OR_DRAGLINE

DROP_GATE_OR_ROLLING_BLOCK

DRYING_OR_LOW_WATER_LINE

EMBANKMENT_OR_FILL

ENTRANCE_OR_EXIT

FEED_LOT_OR_STOCKYARD_OR_PEN

FILTRATION_OR_AERATION_BEDS

FIRING_OR_GUNNERY_RANGE

FISH_HATCH_OR_FARM_OR_MARINE

FISH_TRAPS_OR_FISH_WEIRS

FISHING_OR_PROMENADE_PIER

FLAGSTAFF_OR_FLAGPOLE

GRAIN_BIN_OR_SILO

GRASS_OR_SCRUB_OR_BRUSH

GUARD_SHACK_OR_GUARD_ROOM

GULLY_OR_GORGE

Legend: Examples of Alternative Names and Multiple Concepts


Ecc proposed resolution

1. Alternative names should be resolved to a single name problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:

2. Additional ECCs should be introduced for atomic concepts

E.g., MARSH, SWAMP

3. The existing “composite concept” should betied to them, &

4. A new generalized Label applied to the“composite concept” where appropriate, e.g.:

WETLANDS: A saturated area, at times covered with water, supporting vegetation which may include trees. Maybe further delineated specifically as ECC MARSH* or ECC SWAMP*. (See also LAND_SUBJECT_TO_INUNDATION*.)

MARSH: Periodically flooded or continually wet region having the surface not deeply submerged. It is covered dominantly with sedges, cattails, rushes, or other hydrophytic plants. (See also WETLANDS* and SWAMP*.)

SWAMP: A region saturated with water throughout much of the year, but with the surface of the soil usually not deeply submerged. It is generally characterized by tree or shrub vegetation. (See also WETLANDS* and MARSH*.)

ECC Proposed Resolution

See: http://sis.agr.gc.ca/cansis/glossary

*Hyperlinked


Or s in attributes

16 cases of EAC Labels including “OR” problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:

Listed on next slide

192 additional cases where the definition includes the term “or” which may indicate two more “atomic” (distinct) concepts, but is not reflected in an “OR” in the current Label

The specific case of enumerated EACs where the list of enumerates appears to reflect multiple explicit or implied “atomic” (distinct) concepts is addressed in later slides

Current use of or in Labels is not consistent

Appear* to be two distinct cases:

Alternative names for same concept

DENSITY_BRUSH_OR_UNDERGROWTH

FLASH_OR_OCCULT_COUNT

TREE_OR_CANOPY_COVER

Different “atomic” concepts

BEACON_OR_BUOY_TYPE

RAMP_OR_GATE_POS

SMOKE_TYPE_OR_LOCATION

“OR”s in Attributes

*: Since the Label is not definitive, one must examine the definition in order to make a final determination.


Eac labels including or
EAC Labels including “OR” problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:

BEACON_OR_BUOY_TYPE: Type of buoy or beacon. (See also BEACON_TYPE and BUOY_TYPE.)

BRIDGE_OR_STRUCTURE_TYPE: Structural design characteristics.

CANOPY_OR_HATCH_POSITION: The position of the canopy or primary hatch.

DENSITY_BRUSH_OR_UNDERGROWTH: Fraction of ground covered by undergrowth.

DEPLOY_OR_EXTEND_TENT_POS: The position of the deployable or extension tent in terms of fractional deployment from a fully stowed/retracted/closed state.

FLASH_OR_OCCULT_COUNT: Number of flashes/occultations in a group flashing/occulting light character.

GRADIENT_OR_SLOPE: Angle between surface of area delineated by object and a perpendicular to the local gravity vector. May be reported as percentage (i.e., the change in elevation divided by the horizontal distance over which the change takes place, times one hundred ((e2-e1)/d)*100), arc degrees, or radians.

HEIGHT_OR_DEPTH_UPSTREAM: Height above water level on upstream side.

HYDRO_DEPTH_OR_HEIGHT_INFO: Information about the accuracy or availability of depth or uncovering height of the object.

LENGTH_OR_DIAMETER: A measurement of the longer of two linear axes. For a square object, measure either axis. For a round object, measure the diameter. For a bridge, the length is the distance between the bridge abutments.

RAMP_OR_GATE_POS: The position of the ramp or gate in terms of fractional deployment from a fully stowed/retracted/closed state.

SMOKE_TYPE_OR_LOCATION: The type or origin of smoke.

TRACK_OR_LANE_COUNT: The number of track(s) or lanes of the object, including both directions.

TREE_OR_CANOPY_COVER: Canopy cover measured by fraction within the delineated object extents during the summer season.

VERTICAL_OR_SOUNDING_DATUM: The vertical, typically tidal, datum to which soundings and drying heights are referenced. It is usually taken to correspond to a low water stage of the tide. (Also known as Chart Sounding Datum.)

WASTE_OR_SCRAP_TYPE: Identifies type of waste/scrap within the delineated object's extents.

Legend: Examples of Alternative Names and Multiple Concepts


Eac proposed resolution

1. Alternative names should be resolved to a single name problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:

2. Additional EACs should be introduced for atomic concepts,

E.g., CANOPY_POSITION, HATCH_POSITION

3. The existing “composite concept” should betied to them, &

4. A new generalized Label applied to the“composite concept” where appropriate, e.g.:

CANOPY_OR_HATCH_POSITION1: The position of the canopyor primary hatch.May be further delineated specifically asEAC CANOPY_POSITION* or EAC HATCH_POSITION*.

CANOPY_POSITION: The position of the canopy.(See also CANOPY_OR_HATCH_POSITION* and HATCH_POSITION*.)

HATCH_POSITION: The position of the primary hatch.(See also CANOPY_OR_HATCH_POSITION* and CANOPY_POSITION*.)

EAC Proposed Resolution

1 Perhaps: ACCESS_COVERING_POSITION

*Hyperlinked


Or s in attribute enumerates

267 cases of EEC Labels including “OR” problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:

Listed on next slide

460 additional cases where the definition includes the term “or” which may indicate two more “atomic” (distinct) concepts, but is not reflected in an “OR” in the current Label

The specific case of EECs where the list of enumerates appears to reflect multiple explicit or implied “atomic” (distinct) concepts is addressed in later slides

Current use of or in Labels is not consistent

Appear* to be two distinct cases:

Alternative names for same concept

ABANDONED_OR_DISUSED

ROCK_OR_ROCKY

TOWN_OR_TOWNSHIP

Different “atomic” concepts

AIRPORT_OR_FIELD

REAR_OR_UPPER

SNOW_OR_ICE

“OR”s in Attribute Enumerates

*: Since the Label is not definitive, one must examine the definition in order to make a final determination.


1_OKTA_OR_LESS problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:

1_OKTA_OR_LESS

1_OKTA_OR_LESS

ABANDONED_OR_DISUSED

ABOVE_GROUND_OR_WATER

AIR_OR_MISSLE_DEFENSE

AIRPORT_OR_FIELD

ALERT_APRON_OR_HARDSTAND

ALTERNATE_ENTRY_OR_EXIT

ANTIQUE_OR_ANCIENT

APARTMENT_OR_HOTEL

APPROXIMATE_OR_ABOUT

ARROYO_OR_WADI_OR_WASH

BARE_OR_CLEARED

BARN_OR_MACHINERY_SHED

BARRACKS_OR_DORMITORY

BELOW_SURFACE_OR_SUBMERGED

BERM_OR_EARTHEN_WALL

BLACK_OR_RED_OR_BLACK

BLACK_OR_YELLOW

BLACK_OR_YELLOW_OR_BLACK

BLOWING_SNOW_OR_SAND

BOTTLE_GAS_OR_LPG

BRIDGE_OR_GANTRY

BUILT_UP_OR_URBAN_AREA

BULK_BOAT_OR_BARGE

CABLE_OR_CHAIN

CABLE_SIGN_OR_PIPELINE

CANAL_OR_AQUEDUCT

CART_TRACK_OR_TRAIL

CIVILIAN_OR_PUBLIC

CLOSED_OR_LOCKED

COMMERCE_OR_RECREATION

COMMERCE_OR_RECREATION

COMMON_FRUIT_AND_OR_NUTS

CONICAL_OR_PEAKED_OR_NUN

CONICAL_OR_PEAKED_OR_NUN

CONTROL_ZONE_CTZ_OR_CTR

CRATER_ONE_OR_MORE

CURRENCY_OR_REVISION

CURVED_OR_ROUND_QUONSET

CYLINDER_OR_PEAKED

CYLINDER_OR_PEAKED_TOWER

CYLINDER_UPRIGHT_OR_CAN

DECREASE_OR_STEADY

DEPENDENTS_OR_BIVOUAC

DESTROYER_OR_CORVETTE

DISTANT_FOG_OR_ICE_FOG

DISTRIBUTION_OR_DISPATCH

DRAFT_OR_SCRIBE_OR_DRAW

DRAW_OR_BASCULE

DRIES_OR_COVERS_HEIGHT_UNK

DRILL_VESSEL_OR_RIG

DRIZZLE_MOD_OR_HEAVY

DRIZZLE_OR_SNOW_GRAINS

DRIZZLE_OR_SNOW_GRAINS

DRIZZLE_RAIN_MOD_OR_HEAVY

DUG_OR_DRILLED

DUST_OR_SANDSTORM_IN_SIGHT

EMBANK_OR_CUT_TRANSITION

ENGINE_TEST_PAD_OR_APRON

ENTRY_OR_STARTING

EXIT_OR_END

FAIR_OR_DRY

FIRING_OR_GUNNERY_RANGE

FISH_HAVEN_OR_PROTECTED

FIXED_OR_LONG_FLASH

FLASH_OR_LONG_FLASH

FLOATING_OR_PONTOON

FLOATING_OR_PONTOON

FLOODLIT_OR_ILLUMINATED

FLOODLIT_OR_ILLUMINATED

FOG_OR_ICE_CONSTANT

FOG_OR_ICE_IN_PATCHES

FOG_OR_ICE_THICKENING

FOG_OR_ICE_THINNING

FREEZING_DRIZZLE_OR_RAIN

FREEZING_PRECIP_SL_OR_MOD

FREEZING_RAIN_OR_DRIZZLE

FRESHWATER_OR_POTABLE

FRONT_OR_LOWER

FROZEN_OR_PERMAFROST

GEODESIC_OR_GREAT_CIRCLE

GOVERNMENT_OR_INSTITUTION

GOVERNMENT_OR_INSTITUTION

GRASS_OR_EARTH_NOT_GRADED

GRASS_OR_SOD_SOFT

GRASS_OR_THATCH

GRASS_OR_THATCH

GRASS_OR_THATCH

GRASS_OR_THATCH

GRASS_OR_THATCH

GRASSLAND_OR_STEPPE

GREEN_OR_RED

GREEN_OR_RED_OR_GREEN

GUARD_OR_SECURITY

GUARD_SHACK_OR_ROOM

HANGER_OR_APRON

HARD_OR_PAVED

HEALTH_OR_MEDICAL

HEATH_OR_HEATHLAND

HERB_OR_SHRUB

HERBACEOUS_OR_SCRUB_VEG

HYDRO_SURVEY_OR_HYDROFOIL

HYDROGRAPHY_OR_DRAINAGE

ICE_OR_SNOW

ILS_OR_DME

INCREASE_OR_STEADY

ISOLATED_CLOUD_OR_FRAGS

JOINT_MILITARY_OR_CIVILIAN

KERTAU_1948_OR_REVISED

KILN_OR_OVEN

LAKE_OR_RESERVOIR

LEFT_EMBANK_OR_CUT_TRANS

LEVEE_OR_DIKE

LIFEBOAT_OR_RESCUE

LIGHT_OR_GENERAL

LIQUID_PRECIP_SL_OR_MOD

LOOSE_OR_LIGHT

LOOSE_OR_UNPAVED

M4T6_FLOATING_OR_FIXED

MANDATE_OR_CONVENTION_LINE

MANGROVE_OR_NIPA

MASONRY_BRICK_OR_STONE

MASONRY_BRICK_OR_STONE

MASONRY_BRICK_OR_STONE

MEASURE_IMPOSS_OR_INACC

MICRO_OR_ULTRALIGHT

MICRO_OR_ULTRALIGHT_FLYING

MILITARY_ADMIN_OR_OPS

MILITARY_CTZ_OR_CTR

MINE_TAILINGS_OR_WASTE

MINESWEEPER_OR_MINELAYER

MIXED_URBAN_OR_BUILT_UP

MONASTERY_OR_CONVENT

MOTEL_OR_HOTEL

NO_CLOUDS_OR_NOT_VISIBLE

NO_CONTROL_OR_SIGNS

OBSERVATION_OR_LOOKOUT

OBSERVATION_OR_RESEARCH

OCCULTING_OR_FLASH

OIL_DERRICK_OR_RIG

OIL_OR_GAS_FACILITIES

ORCHARD_OR_NURSE_DECIDUOUS

ORCHARD_OR_NURSE_EVERGREEN

ORCHARD_OR_NURSE_MIXED

ORCHARD_OR_NURSE_PALM

ORCHARD_OR_NURSERY

PAPER_OR_PULP_MILL

PARASCENDING_OR_PARASAILING

PERENNIAL_OR_PERMANENT

PERMANENT_TAR_OR_ASPHALT

PHARMACY_OR_CHEMIST

PHONY_OR_DECOY

PHYSICIAN_OR_DOCTOR

PILLAR_OR_SPINDLE

PLAYA_OR_DRY_LAKE

POL_OR_STORAGE

PORT_FROM_SEAWARD

PORT_HAND_CAN_OR_CYLINDER

POST_OR_PILE

PRECIP_SL_OR_MOD

PRIMARY_OR_1ST_ORDER

PRINT_OR_PUBLICATION

PROCESSING_OR_TREATMENT

QUARRY_OR_GRAVEL_PIT

QUARRY_OR_SAND_PIT

QUATERNARY_OR_4TH_ORDER

QUINTARY_OR_5TH_ORDER

RADIO_OR_TELEVISION

RAILROAD_STORAGE_OR_REPAIR

RAIN_AND_SNOW_MOD_OR_HEAVY

RAIN_FREEZING_MOD_OR_HEAVY

RAIN_NOW_MOD_OR_HEAVY

RAIN_SHOWERS_MOD_OR_HEAVY

RAIN_SNOW_MIX_MOD_OR_HEAVY

RAIN_SNOW_MOD_OR_HEAVY

RAIN_SNOW_OR_ICE_PELLET

REAR_OR_UPPER

RED_OR_GREEN

RED_OR_GREEN_OR_RED

RED_OR_WHITE

REFUELING_OR_TRACK

RESERVE_OR_RESERVATION

RESIDENCE_OR_AGRICULTURE

RESIDENCE_OR_AGRICULTURE

RHUMB_OR_LOXODROME

RIBBON_OR_RAFT

RIFLE_OR_SMALL_ARMS

RIGHT_EMBANK_OR_CUT_TRANS

RIVER_OR_STREAM

ROAD_BLOCKS_OR_CRIBS

ROCK_OR_ROCKY

ROCK_OR_ROCKY

ROCK_OR_ROCKY

ROCK_OR_ROCKY

ROCK_OR_ROCKY

RUNWAY_OR_RUNWAY_EDGE

SAFETY_FAIRWAY_OR_CHANNEL

SAND_DUNES_OR_HIGH

SAND_DUNES_OR_LOW

SAND_OR_DESERT

SAWDUST_AND_OR_WOOD_CHIPS

SECONDARY_OR_2ND_ORDER

SEVERE_OR_HEAVY

SHOWERS_HAIL_MOD_OR_HEAVY

SIGNAL_BOX_OR_HOUSE

SL_OR_MOD_BLOWING_SNOW

SL_OR_MOD_DRIFTING_SNOW

SL_OR_MOD_SANDSTORM

SL_OR_MOD_SANDSTORM_BEGUN

SL_OR_MOD_SANDSTORM_DEC

SLIP_OR_ACCESS_ROAD

SNOW_NOW_MOD_OR_HEAVY

SNOW_OR_ICE

SNOW_OR_ICE

SNOW_OR_ICE

SNOW_SHOWERS_MOD_OR_HEAVY

SOLID_OR_FILLED

SOLID_PRECIP_SL_OR_MOD

SPOILS_OR_TAILINGS

SPOILS_OR_TAILINGS

STAKE_OR_POLE

STARBOARD_FROM_SEAWARD

STATE_OR_LANDER

STONE_OR_BRICK

STONY_OR_SHINGLY_SHORE

SUNKEN_OR_ON_SEA_BOTTOM

SUPPORT_VEH_OR_EQUIP

TERMINUS_OR_TERMINAL

TERTIARY_OR_3RD_ORDER

THUNDERSTORM_HAIL_SL_OR_MOD

THUNDERSTORM_RAIN_SL_OR_MOD

THUNDERSTORM_SL_OR_MOD

TIDAL_OR_FLUCTUATING

TIDAL_OR_FLUCTUATING

TIDAL_OR_TIDAL_FLUCTUATION

TOWN_OR_TOWNSHIP

TOWN_OR_TOWNSHIP_PARK

TRAIL_OR_WALK_OR_CART

TRANSITION_OR_ERRONEOUS

TRANSPORT_ROAD_OR_RAIL

TRUSS_MOVEABLE_OR_SWING

TSTORM_HAIL_SL_OR_MOD

TSTORM_NO_HAIL_SL_OR_MOD

TUNDRA_BRUSH_OR_SHRUB

TUNNY_OR_TUNA_NET

TURNING_OR_SWINGING

TWO_OR_MORE_BEACONS

TWO_OR_MORE_LIGHTS

TWO_OR_MORE_OBJECTS

UNATTENDED_OR_UNWATCHED

UNEXAMINED_OR_UNSURVEYED

UNIVERSITY_OR_COLLEGE

UQC_OR_WQC_TEST

VEHICLE_SERVICE_OR_REFUEL

VOR_OR_VORTAC_OR_TACAN

WADI_OR_WASH

WATERMILL_OR_GRISTMILL

WIRE_DRAG_AREA_OR_SWEPT

WITH_CABLES_OR_CHAINS

WITHOUT_CABLES_OR_CHAINS

YACHT_HARBOUR_OR_MARINA

YACHT_OR_SAILING_CLUB

YELLOW_OR_BLACK

YELLOW_OR_BLACK_OR_YELLOW

YELLOW_OR_RED_OR_YELLOW

Legend: Examples of Alternative Names and Multiple Concepts


Eec proposed resolution

1. Alternative names should be resolved to a single name problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:

2. Additional EECs should be introduced for atomic concepts,

E.g., AIRPORT, AIRFIELD

3. The existing “composite concept” should betied to them, &

4. A new generalized Label applied to the“composite concept” where appropriate, e.g.:

AIR_TRANSPORT_SITE: A defined land or water site used for landing, take-off, and movement of aircraft including associated buildings and facilities. May be further delineated specifically asEEC AIRPORT* or EEC AIRFIELD*.

AIRPORT: A complex for civil aircraft, comprising runways, hangers, and passenger facilities.(See also AIRFIELD* and AIR_TRANSPORT_SITE *.)

AIRFIELD: A land site set aside for the take-off, landing, and maintenance of aircraft.(See also AIRPORT*and AIR_TRANSPORT_SITE *.)

EEC Proposed Resolution

*Hyperlinkedwithin scope of current attribute


Express or implied or s in attributes of type enumerated

Full list of occurrences has not been compiled problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:

Two examples appear on next few slides

There may be additional cases where the definition appears to be “atomic”, but the list of enumerates appears to reflect multiple implied distinct concepts

Splitting the existing composite concept into two (or more) new atomic EAC concepts will require splitting the existing set of enumerates -- this may result in:

An exact partitioning of existing enumerates

Some enumerates appearing in multiple new-enumeration lists, but with different definitions

Occasionally, the addition of new enumerates in the new-enumeration lists

The mechanism for relating individual enumerates “between” attributes is more complex

Express or Implied “OR”s in Attributes of Type Enumerated


Example 1 1 of 3
Example #1 problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:(1 of 3)

  • Current Attribute:

  • FARMING_TYPE: Type of field pattern or use. Revise

    • CROP_ROTATION — see US T196 Method

    • DITCH_IRRIGATION — see US T197 Field_Type

    • GRAZING — see US T198 Method

    • LINEAR_PLANTING_PATTERN — see US T190 Field_Pattern

    • PERMANENT_FIELD — see US T199 Method

    • REGULAR_PLANTING_PATTERN — see US T191 Field_Pattern

    • SLASH_AND_BURN — see US T200 Method

    • TERRACED — see US T192 Field_Pattern

    • TYPE_OF_FIELD_PATTERN — see US T193 Revise

New Attributes:

FARMING_METHOD: The particular way agriculture is performed.

FARMING_FIELD_TYPE: A general characteristic of a field used for agriculture.

FARMING_FIELD_PATTERN: The geometric layout used in laying out seeds or young plants in an agricultural area.


Example 1 2 of 3
Example #1 problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:(2 of 3)

  • FARMING_METHOD: The particular way agriculture is performed.

    • CROP_ROTATION: The process of growing several different crops on the same land in successive years or seasons, supporting soil replenishment, pest and disease abatement, and so on.

    • GRAZING: Farming to support the feeding of livestock on low grass or vegetation on pastures and ranges.

    • PERMANENT_FIELD: A farming area that is continuously used for cultivation.

    • SLASH_AND_BURN: Farming area based on a simple method in which existing vegetation is cut away and a field is then cleared by burning; the land is farmed for a few years and then left fallow to regenerate.

  • FARMING_FIELD_TYPE1: A general characteristic of a field used for agriculture.

    • DITCH_IRRIGATION: Utilizing a system of ditches for the distribution of water for agricultural use.

    • SPRINKLER_IRRIGATION2: Utilizing an aerial mist or spray rather than applying water directly on the soil surface.

  • FARMING_FIELD_PATTERN: The geometric layout used in laying out seeds or young plants in an agricultural area.

    • LINEAR_PLANTING_PATTERN3: A farming area where crops are planted in a linear arrangement.

    • REGULAR_PLANTING_PATTERN3: A farming area where crops are planted in a specific and uniform arrangement.

    • TERRACED: Cultivation areas utilizing a long, low ridge of earth across a slope with a flat or graded channel to stop soil erosion and control the runoff of water.

1 Revise to IRRIGATION? 2 Not current enumerant 3 Delete


Example 1 3 of 3
Example #1 problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:(3 of 3)

  • FARMING_TYPE: Type of farming method, field, or planting pattern. May be further delineated specifically as EAC FARMING_METHOD*, EAC FARMING_FIELD_TYPE* or EAC FARMING_FIELD_PATTERN*.

    • CROP_ROTATION: See EEC FARMING_METHOD CROP ROTATION*.

    • DITCH_IRRIGATION: See EEC FARMING_FIELD_TYPE DITCH IRRIGATION*.

    • GRAZING: See EEC FARMING_METHOD GRAZING*.

    • LINEAR_PLANTING_PATTERN :

    • See EEC FARMING_FIELD PATTERN LINEAR*.

    • PERMANENT_FIELD: See EEC FARMING_METHOD PERMANENT*.

    • REGULAR_PLANTING_PATTERN:

    • See EEC FARMING_FIELD PATTERN REGULAR*.

    • SLASH_AND_BURN: See EEC FARMING_METHOD SLASH_AND_BURN*.

    • TERRACED: See EEC FARMING_FIELD PATTERN TERRACED*.

    • TYPE_OF_FIELD_PATTERN:

    • See EAC FARMING_FIELD_PATTERN*.

Notes:

1. Definition of existing attribute revised to incorporate scope of new attributes.

2. No local definitions of enumerates.

*Hyperlinked


Example 2 1 of 2
Example #2 problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:(1 of 2)

Current Attribute:

MARITIME_STATION_TYPE: Equipment or activity at the site.

BOMISBRIDGE_SIGNALCAMERA

COAST_GUARDFIREBOATFIRING_PRACTICE_SIGNAL

FOG_SIGNALFORACS_TRANSDUCER_77ICE_SIGNAL

INTERNAT_PORT_SIGNALSLIFEBOAT_OR_RESCUE LOCK_SIGNAL

MARINE_POLICE NMHPILOT

PILOT_LOOKOUTPORT_CONTROLRADAR_SURVEILLANCE

RADAR_TARGETSEMAPHORESIGNAL

SIGNAL_MASTSIGNAL_TRAFFICSONAR_TARGET

STASTORM_SIGNALSTREAM_SIGNAL

THEODOLITETIDAL_CURRENT_SIGNALTIDE_SIGNAL

TIME_BALLTIME_SIGNALTRAFFIC_SIGNAL

TRANSIT_HUTUEWSUNMANNED_OCEAN

UQC_WQCWARNINGWEATHER_SIGNAL

New Attributes:

MARITIME_STATION_EQUIPMENT: The tools, systems, and support paraphernalia located at a maritime station.

MARITIME_STATION_ACTIVITY: The activity conducted at a maritime station.

MARITIME_STATION_SIGNAL: The type of signal provided by a maritime station.


Example 2 2 of 2
Example #2 problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:(2 of 2)

  • MARITIME_STATION_TYPE : Type of equipment available, activity conducted, or signal provided by a maritime station. May be further delineated specifically as EAC MARITIME_STATION_EQUIPMENT*, EAC MARITIME_STATION_ACTIVITY* or EAC MARITIME_STATION_SIGNAL*.

    • BOMIS: See EEC MARITIME_STATION_EQUIPMENT BOMIS*.

    • …: See ...

MARITIME_STATION_EQUIPMENT

BOMISCAMERA

FIREBOAT

FORACS_TRANSDUCER_77

LIFEBOAT_OR_RESCUE

NMH NO_EQUIP_AVAIL

RADAR_SURVEILLANCE

RADAR_TARGET SEMAPHORE

SIGNALSIGNAL_MAST

SIGNAL_TRAFFIC SONAR_TARGET

STATHEODOLITE

TIME_BALL TRANSIT_HUT

UEWSUQC_WQC

MARITIME_STATION

_PURPOSE

COAST_GUARD

LIFEBOAT_OR_RESCUE

MARINE_POLICE

PILOT

PILOT_LOOKOUT

PORT_CONTROL

UNMANNED_OCEAN

MARITIME_STATION _SIGNAL

BRIDGE

FIRING_PRACTICE

FOG ICE

INTERNAT_PORT

LOCK NO_SIGNAL_FUNC

SIGNAL_TRAFFIC (delete)

STORMSTREAM

TIDAL CURRENT

TIDETIME

TRAFFIC WARNING

WEATHER

*Hyperlinked


Summary

ECC, EAC, and EEC Labels expressing alternative names problems in EDCS WD4 where multiple concepts have been conjoined into a single code; for example:

The Label should be revised to express a single “name”

ECC, EAC, and EEC Codes expressing multiple concepts

Additional ECCs, EACs, or EECs should be introduced for appropriate new atomic concepts

The “composite concept” definition should be tied to the new atomic concepts through the use of the phrase “May be further delineated specifically as” plus appropriately hyperlinked references to the new atomic concepts

A new “generalized” Label should be applied to the“composite concept” as appropriate (this may not be possible in all cases)

EACs of type enumerated with express or implied “or”s

Additional EACs should be introduced for appropriate new atomic concepts

The definition of the existing “composite concept” EAC should be revised to incorporate exactly the scope of the new EACs

The enumerates of the existing “composite concept” EAC should be defined through the use of the phrase “See” plus an appro-priately hyperlinked reference to a new atomic-EAC enumerate

Summary


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