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Global Movement of Disability and Development relation to CRPD and CBR/CBID. Akiie Ninomiya Asia-Pacific Development Center on Disability (APCD). Disability and Development. Micro level. Macro level. DNA. Cell. Organ. PWD. Family. Village. Society. Medical Rehabilitation.
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Asia-Pacific Development Center on Disability (APCD)
Educational / Vocational Rehabilitation
APCD’s view on PWDs
3.Member of society
Traditional view on PWDs
3.Person in need of help
6.Receipient of welfare
7.Receipient of charity
Removal of barriers
Information and Communication
Regulations and Systems
in the community
Agents of change
INFORMATION & COMMUNICATION
REGULATIONS & SYSTEMS
DISABLED PEOPLE’S ORGANIZATIONS
PREDUJICES & ATTITUDES
To activate communities to promote and protect the human rights of persons with disabilities through changes within the community, for example, by removing barriers to participation.
The scope of CBR activities broadened from medical and education activities to addressing poverty and livelihoods;
partnerships and networking; and inclusion of marginalized groups like women with disabilities, persons with intellectual or multiple disabilities, psychosocial disabilities or those living with HIV/AIDS.
CBR practice has changed from a medical orientated, often single sector (e.g., health or education), service delivery approach, to a comprehensive, multi-sectoral, rights-based one
Focusingon creation of inclusive societies where persons with disabilities have access to all development benefits like everyone in their
CBR is a multisectoral, bottom-up strategy which can ensure that the Convention makes a difference at the community level.
CBR activities are designed to meet the basic needs of persons with disabilities, reduce poverty, and enable access to health, education, livelihood and social opportunities. all these activities fulfill the aims of the Convention.
Article 19: States Parties to the present Convention recognize the
equal right of all persons with disabilities to live in the community,
with choices equal to others, and shall take effective and appropriate
measures to facilitate full enjoyment by persons with disabilities of
this right and their full inclusion and participation in the community
all aspects of society, are voluntary, and are available to persons
with disabilities as close as possible to their own communities,
including in rural areas.
people’s own communities, including in rural areas.
comprehensive habilitation and rehabilitation services and
programmes, particularly in the areas of health, employment,
education and social services, in such a way that these services and
2.Promote participation in political processes and in decision making
3.Enhance access to the physical environment, public transportation,
knowledge, information and communication
5.Expand early intervention and education of children with
6.Ensure gender equality and women’s empowerment
7.Ensure disability-inclusive disaster risk reduction and management
9.Accelerate the ratification and implementation of the Convention
on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and harmonization of
national legislation with the Convention
10.Advance sub-regional, regional and interregional cooperation.
Mongolia; About 20% of the population live on less than US$1.25 per day
Mongolia; About 59% of the total population is under age 30, 27% of whom are under 14.
1. Persons with disabilities, who make up 15% of the population, face widespread barriers in accessing health services and therefore experience greater unmet health care needs, worse health outcomes, and higher rates of poverty than persons without disabilities.
by persons with disabilities has wider impacts on families,
communities, and health systems
only a human right but also a critical enabling factor to achieving
aspirations including education, employment, caring for and
participating in family, community and public life.
for persons with disabilities and achievement of broader global
take over and sustain the programmes that are initiated with
external support. It is important for external donor agencies to fit
their own plans and ideas into the local governments’ plans and
Self-help groups and associations of persons with disabilities, who are the primary stakeholders for CBR, can contribute to sustainability.
Linking these groups with other successful community based organizations such as women’s federations, can also be of help.
staff has been reported to be successful in continuing some CBR
activities; while including persons with disabilities into local
level development councils can ensure that disability issues are
included in development planning