Scientific english otc and prescription drugs
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SCIENTIFIC ENGLISH OTC AND PRESCRIPTION DRUGS. “Drugs and Medicines” “Over the counter and prescription drugs”. PART II: “Understand your medicine”. Read the text on p. 17. VOCABULARY: brainstorming. Write down all words relating to PHARMACY Medicine Pill Liquid

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SCIENTIFIC ENGLISH OTC AND PRESCRIPTION DRUGS

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Scientific english otc and prescription drugs

SCIENTIFIC ENGLISHOTC AND PRESCRIPTION DRUGS

“Drugs and Medicines”

“Over the counter and prescription drugs”


Part ii understand your medicine

PART II: “Understand your medicine”

Read the text on p. 17


Vocabulary brainstorming

VOCABULARY: brainstorming

  • Write down all words relating to PHARMACY

    Medicine

    Pill

    Liquid

    Active and inactive ingredients

    Chemicals

    Flavor

    Coloring

    Sugar

    Water

    Outside coating

    Prevent

    Cure

    Pain

    Illness symptoms

    Cough

    Runny nose


Scientific english otc and prescription drugs

  • Now do exercise 1, p. 18.


Scientific english otc and prescription drugs

  • Can you make an example of an OTC drug?

    Aspirin

    Paracetamol


Scientific english otc and prescription drugs

  • Can you make an example of a prescription medicine?

    Antibiotics


Reading comprehension

READING COMPREHENSION

Read the text on p. 21 and

answer the following questions:

  • Where can you find OTC medicines?

    On the shelves of stores

    From a clerk at the sales counter of general stores,

    supermarkets, gas stations etc.

    2) Where can you buy prescription medicines?

    At the counter of a pharmacy


Reading comprehension1

READING COMPREHENSION

3) What are OTC medicines used for? (look for all the verbs describing their function)

To relieve aches, pains and itches

To prevent or cure diseases like tooth

decay and athete’s foot

To manage recurring problems like

migraines


Reading comprehension2

READING COMPREHENSION

4) What are some of the risks of OTC

medicines?

They can interact with other medicines, supplements, foods and drinks.

They can cause problems for people with certain medical conditions


Verbs vocabulary

VERBS: VOCABULARY

ALLEVIARE

PREVENIRE

CURARE

RACCOMANDARE

OTTENERE

INTERAGIRE CON

ACQUISTARE

ASSUMERE

Please do exercise 2 on p. 22


Verbs vocabulary1

VERBS: VOCABULARY

Please do exercise 4 on p. 23


Part iii over the counter otc and prescription medicines

PART III: OVER THE COUNTER (OTC) AND PRESCRIPTION MEDICINES

A “PRESCRIPTION MEDICINE” is any medicine that needs the doctor’s authorization before the pharmacist will sell it to you.

An “OTC MEDICINE” is any medicine that you can buy without a prescription.


Online medical english p 24

ONLINE MEDICAL ENGLISH (p. 24)

  • SAME WORD, DIFFERENT MEANING

    Ex. Medicine

    FAMILY OF WORDS:

    Ex. Synthetic (adjective)

    Synthesis (noun)

    Synthetize (verb)


Irregular plurals in scientific english

IRREGULAR PLURALS in SCIENTIFIC ENGLISH

  • Words of Greek origin ending with –sis:

    Final is becomes es (pronounced /iːz/):

    Axis axes/ˈæksiːz/

    Crisis crises/ˈkraɪsiːz/

    Testis testes/ˈtɛstiːz/

    Example: Synthesis

    The plural is not synthesiss or synthesises

    BUT

    Syntheses


Scientific english otc and prescription drugs

  • Final ies in words of Greek origins remains unchanged:

  • Series series

  • Species species


Scientific english otc and prescription drugs

  • Final on in words of Greek origin becomes -a:

    Criterion Criteria

    Phenomenon phenomena


Scientific english otc and prescription drugs

  • Final us becomes -i (second declension, [aɪ]) or -era or -ora (third declension), or just adds -es (especially in fourth declension, where it would otherwise be the same as the singular):

  • Alumnus alumni

  • Corpus corpora

    genus genera

    Prospectus prospectuses (plural prospectus is rare)

    Syllabus syllabi


Scientific english otc and prescription drugs

  • Virus had no plural ending in Latin; the plural in English is usually viruses.


Scientific english otc and prescription drugs

  • Final a becomes -ae (also -æ), or just adds -s:

  • Alumna alumnae

  • Formula formulae/formulas

  • encyclopedia (rarely encyclopædia) encyclopedias (encyclopediae is rare)


Scientific english otc and prescription drugs

  • Final ex or ix becomes -ices (pronounced /ɨsiːz/), or just adds -es:

    Index indices/ˈɪndɨsiːz/or indexes

    Matrix matrices/ˈmeɪtrɨsiːz/

    Vertex vertices/ˈvɜrtɨsiːz/


Scientific english otc and prescription drugs

  • Final –um becomes –a

    MediumMedia

    BacteriumBacteria


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