1. The country and the people. 1–1- The geography of the United Kingdom A) Definitions. Great Britain = England, Wales, Scotland (3 nations). UK = Great Britain + Northern Ireland (4 nations). The United Kingdom is a political entity . Great Britain is a geographical term.
1. The country and the people
1–1- The geography of the United Kingdom
Great Britain = England, Wales, Scotland (3 nations).
UK = Great Britain + Northern Ireland (4 nations).
London Underground : « the tube »
Manchester town hall
Liverpool quay side
1-2- The population
Britain ranks 18th in the world in terms of population size..
Employment rates in Britain by sex and age in 2008
But on average, women earn two thirds of men’s wages, mainly because they are concentrated in low-status, low-paid, and part-time jobs: retailing and clerical work, health care, cleaning, hairdressing, etc.
Fawcett society logo
An Irish cultural centre in London
A mosque in Bradford
A London synagogue
Where were the people who live in Britain born?
Republic of Ireland 405,000
Poland 532 000
United States 200,000
Nigeria 151 000
South Africa 236,000
Newspapers for different communities in London
The UK population: by ethnic group, Census 2001
A poster from Bristol
In May 2006, the racist British National party got 54 local councillors elected – the highest number for several decades. In the 2010 elections, the party won only 26 council seats,
Anti-racist campaigns in the 1970s and 1980s
anti-racist campaigns today
End of part one
Work, leisure and social classes
Work in Britain by sector
Full-time workers (in 2009) 21.47 million
Part-time workers 7.53 million
In 2008-2009 more than 250,000 extra people who would like to be in full-time employment have found themselves working four days a week or fewer, according to the Office for National Statistics.
-companies are trying to cope with the downturn by reducing staff hours, rather than just making people redundant.
Socio-economic classification: by sex, 2005
Percentage of working age population
Source: Social Trends 36 (2006) Office of National Statistics
In Britain people work long hours
13% sometimeswork more than 48 hours a week.
On average a full-time employeeworks 44 hours a week – thisis more than in most countries in Europe.
On average an employeeworks 40.2 hours in 2009 (in France 38.4)
The maximum legalworkingdayisthirteenhours (in France ten).
Statutory minimum paid leave (in days), 2008 24 days ( France 25).
The richest people in the UK
Prince Charles playing polo
Gentlemen in the Royal Enclosure
The Queen at Royal Ascot Races
The upper class wedding
Housing in Britain today
Housing for millionaires in Britain
The Confederation of British Industry organizes business owners
The FSB has 215,000 members in 230 branches.
TUC statistics, September 2011
1979-1997 Conservative governments of Margaret Thatcher and John Major : difficult times for trade unionists
Margaret Thatcher’s slogan had been « no more beer and sandwiches at number ten. »
Tony Blair’s slogan concerning the unions was « fairness but no favours ».
David Cameron warned union leaders
'Don't try taking me on'
2010-2011 Coalition government under David Cameron
2011 has seen some of the biggest public sector strikes for many years
On the 30th November 2011, there were millions of people on strike over pensions.
Another union banner
Trade unions deal with many different questions.