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CHANGING CLIMATE

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Changing climate

The Information and imagery contained in this slide show is an adapted version of that contained in a globally distributed information package from www.350.org

350. org is an international campaign that's building a movement to unite the world around solutions to the climate crisis--the solutions that science and justice demand.

Their mission is to inspire the world to rise to the challenge of the climate crisis— to create a new sense of urgency and of possibility for our planet. Please visit their website for further information.


Changing climate

OUR

CHANGINGCLIMATE


Changing climate

GLACIERS ARE MELTING


Changing climate

MUIR & RIGGS GLACIER 1941


Changing climate

MUIR & RIGGS GLACIER 2004


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PEDERSEN GLACIER, AK 1920


Changing climate

PEDERSEN GLACIER, AK 2005


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OCEANS ARE ACIDIFYING


Changing climate

Coral reefs are bleaching


Changing climate

SEA LEVELS ARE RISING

Three Year Average

Satellite Altimetry

Sea Level Change (cm)

Year


Changing climate

threatens the survival ofSMALL ISLANDS


Changing climate

Two degrees (450ppm) is really not a safe level for small island states. For many of them it would be like a death sentence in the long run.

- Leon Charles, Chair of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS)


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WEATHER IS BECOMING MORE EXTREME


Changing climate

Burma cyclone death toll rises above 43,000.

- USA Today, May 15th, 2008


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MAJOR FLOODS PER DECADE


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Australia suffers worst drought in

1,000 years

- Guardian UK, Nov 7, 2008


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Australia fires spark calls for CLIMATE ACTION

- Washington Post, March 1, 2006


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“Rapid Warming’ Spreads Havoc in Canada’s Forests.

- Washington Post, March 1, 2006


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CREATES CLIMATE REFUGEES

Climate change could force

1 BILLION from their homes by 2050.

- April 30, 2008, The Independent.


Changing climate

impacts LOCAL LIVELIHOODS


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STERN REVIEW, 2006

The most comprehensive review ever carried out on the economics of climate change warns that global warming could inflict worldwide disruption as great as that caused by the two World Wars and the Great Depression.

- Environmental News Service


Changing climate

DISRUPTS FOOD PRODUCTION

The world has never faced such a predictably massive threat to food production as that posed by the melting mountain glaciers of Asia

- Lester Brown, Earth Policy Institute, Author of Plan B


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AFFECTS OUR HEALTH:

Global Warming Increases Malaria, Dengue Fever Threat, UN Says.

- Bloomberg, Nov. 27, 2007


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THREATENS SECURITY:

Climate change will draw ever-deeper lines of division and conflict in international relations… over the distribution of resources, especially water and land.

- Report: World in Transition


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The most startling evidence yet…


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is the MELTING OF THE ARCTIC.

New predictions

Satellite observations

Mean IPCC prediction

Most likely change (melt)

IPCC range

Actual observed melting

% change in ice cover

it has melted nearly80 YEARSahead of when scientists predicted

YEAR


Changing climate

it’s about…

SCIENCE


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THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT


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CO2 CONCENTRATIONS ARE INCREASING

Where we’ll be mid-century if we keep this up

550ppm? More?

TODAY: 387ppm

Parts per Million CO2

EARLY 1900S

CO2 in PPM

LAST ICE AGE

TEMPERATURE

Years


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today:

390ppm CO2


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Where do we need to go from here?


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CO2 IN THE ATMOSPHERE

WE’RE HERE: 387

PARTS PER MILLION CO2

WE NEED TO BE HERE: 350

YEAR


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THE WORLD NEEDS US TO MAKE CHANGES IN OUR OWN BACKYARD


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moving away from fossil fuels


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GLOBAL EMISSIONS STILL RISING 2PPM PER YEAR

Total

Petroleum

Coal

Natural Gas

Cement Production

MILLION METRIC TONS OF CARBON/YEAR

YEAR


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IT MEANS PUTTING UP WIND TURBINES

INSTEAD OF COAL PLANTS


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IT MEANS PLANTING TREES

INSTEAD OF CLEAR-CUTTING RAINFORESTS


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AND IMPLEMENTING A THOUSAND DIFFERENT SOLUTIONS


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that can create new jobs


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And make our communities HEALTHIER


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GETTING TO 350

Phase-out of fossil fuel electricity generation by 2030

Improved forestry and soil

PARTS PER MILLION CO2

Reduced oil/gas use

YEAR


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  • ADAPTATION

  • MITIGATION

  • TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

  • FINANCIAL RESOURCES


Changing climate

SOURCES – www.350.org

  • BBC World Service Poll - http://www.globescan.com/news_archives/bbc_climate/

  • Hansen, James, et al. Target Atmospheric CO2: Where Should Humanity Aim? Submitted April 7, 2008.

  • The IPCC 4th Assessment Report - www.ipcc.ch

  • Baer, Paul, Tom Athanasiou and Sivan Kartha. "The Right to Develop in a Climate Constrained World: The Greenhouse Development Rights Framework"

  • The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

  • NASA - www.nasa.gov

  • RealClimate.org

  • Climate Safety - www.climatesafety.org

  • New Scientist - www.newscientist.com


Changing climate

  • National Centre for Appropriate Technology was founded in 1992 as a not-for-profit organisation to educate the community about Ecologically Sustainable Technologies

  • Relies almost solely on volunteers and sponsorship –Open to the public and school groups


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