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Government Basics. Sponge #1: Gov’t. Name ONE thing that you think the government should do AND ONE thing you think should NOT be something government should do. Question:. Who has the power?. Ways Governments Distribute Power. Unitary Confederation Federal. Federal.

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Sponge 1 gov t
Sponge #1: Gov’t

Name ONE thing that you think the government should do AND ONE thing you think should NOT be something government should do.


Question
Question:

Who has the power?


Ways governments distribute power
Ways Governments Distribute Power

  • Unitary

  • Confederation

  • Federal


Federal
Federal

  • Power is divided between one central authority and several regional authorities

    • Example: United States has federal government that meets in Washington DC and state governments in each state

      • Federal Government – Power to declare war

      • State Government – Power to set speed limit

    • Countries in Middle East: Pakistan, United Arab Emirates, Iraq (new government)


Federation / Federal

Ways Government Distributes Power

Regional Authority

Regional Authority

Central Authority

Regional Authority

Regional Authority


Unitary
Unitary

  • Power is held by ONE central authority

  • Regional authorities do NOT have power

  • Examples in Middle East: Afghanistan, Egypt, Israel, Iran, Syria, Qatar, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen


Unitary

Ways Government Distributes Power

Regional Authority

Regional Authority

Central Authority

Regional Authority

Regional Authority


Confederation
Confederation

  • Voluntary association of states that often only give a few powers to the central authority

  • States generally have great deal of independence and are more important than the central government

  • Example: OPEC – Member nations (regional authority) only give OPEC (central authority) right to decide amount and price of barrel of oil


Confederation

Ways Government Distributes Power

Regional Authority

Regional Authority

Central Authority

Regional Authority

Regional Authority


Question1
Question:

Do the citizens (people) of the nation have a say in their government?


Governments and citizen participation autocracy
Governments and Citizen Participation: Autocracy

  • Autocratic – one person possesses unlimited power; citizens have limited if any role in government

  • Forms of Autocratic Governments:

    • Absolute or Totalitarian Dictatorships

    • Absolute Monarchies


Government and citizen participation oligarchy
Government and Citizen Participation: Oligarchy

  • Government by the FEW; citizens have very limited role in government

  • Government run by small group that gets power from military, social status, wealth, religion, or a combination of these

  • Examples:

    • Communist countries like China – leaders in political party and military control government

    • Afghanistan under the Taliban


Government and citizen participation democracy
Government and Citizen Participation: Democracy

  • Citizens influence the government by voting; citizen participation is highest in this form of government

  • Two basic types of democratic governments:

    • Parliamentary Democracy

    • Presidential Democracy


Parliamentary democracy
Parliamentary Democracy

  • Citizens vote on members of legislative branch

  • Cabinet (made up of members of the legislative branch) has executive power

  • Legislative branch sometimes elects a Prime Minister

  • LEGISLATIVE BRANCH has most power

  • Example: Israel


Presidential democracy
Presidential Democracy

  • People vote on legislative branch AND leader of executive branch (President)

  • Government where the president has executive power and is independent of the legislative branch

  • Power is generally shared among the branches of government

  • Example: United States


How governments determine citizen participation
How Governments Determine Citizen Participation

High Participation

High Participation

General Citizens’ Participation

Select Citizens’ Participation

Citizen Participation

Government Power

Government Power

Citizen Participation

Government Power

Low or No Participation

Low or No Participation

Low or No Participation

Autocratic

Oligarchic

Democracy


Sample test question

Sample Test Question

In Nigeria’s government, power is divided between Central and regional authorities. This is an example of which government type?

A. Unitary

B. Confederation

C. Federal

D. Parliamentary

Corresponds to

SS6- CG1a, CG4a, CG6a

SS7- CG1a , CG4a, CG6a


Sample test question1

Sample Test Question

What is a basic way citizens of a democratic nation can influence the government?

A. voting

B. working

C. obeying laws

D. consuming goods

OAS Database Question - Corresponds to

SS6- CG1b, CG4b, CG6b

SS7- CG1b , CG4b, CG6b


Sample test question2

Sample Test Question

In which system of government does the legislature elect the executive leader of the government?

A. democratic

B. communist

C. parliamentary

D. totalitarian

OAS Database Question - Corresponds to

SS6- CG1c, CG4c, CG6c

SS7- CG1c , CG4c, CG6c


Sample test question3

Sample Test Question

In most democratic countries, the government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. In Canada, the legislative branch is the

A. Parliament

B. prime minister

C. Supreme Court

D. governor general

OAS Database Question - Corresponds to

SS6- CG1b, CG4b, CG6b

SS&- CG1b , CG4b, CG6b


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