Large animal cruelty investigation training animal cruelty investigation flow chart
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Large Animal Cruelty Investigation Training Animal Cruelty Investigation Flow Chart. Floron C. Faries, Jr., DVM, MS Professor and Extension Program Leader for Veterinary Medicine Texas AgriLife Extension Service Texas A&M System. Initial Observation of Animals. 1.Are dead animals present?

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Large animal cruelty investigation training animal cruelty investigation flow chart

Large Animal Cruelty Investigation TrainingAnimal Cruelty Investigation Flow Chart

Floron C. Faries, Jr., DVM, MS

Professor and Extension Program Leader for Veterinary Medicine

Texas AgriLife Extension Service

Texas A&M System


Large animal cruelty investigation training animal cruelty investigation flow chart

Initial Observation of Animals

1.Are dead animals present?

YesConsult a local veterinarian for assistance.

No Go to step 2.

2.Are ALL animals in abnormal physical condition?


Large animal cruelty investigation training animal cruelty investigation flow chart

Initial Observation of Animals

1.Are dead animals present?

YesConsult a local veterinarian for assistance.

No Go to step 2.

2.Are ALL animals in abnormal physical condition?


Large animal cruelty investigation training animal cruelty investigation flow chart

Physical Examination of Animals

Movement:

  • inability to rise

  • slow to rise

  • swaying walk

  • crippled walk

    Behavior:

  • drooped head, ears

  • pawing

  • despondent

Feet:

  • excessively long hooves

  • foot infections

  • joint, leg swelling

    Skin:

  • rough, dry hair coat

  • excessive hair loss


Large animal cruelty investigation training animal cruelty investigation flow chart

Physical Examination cont’d

Appearance:

  • gaunt, drawn appearance

  • lack of body fat

  • wound(s) with drainage and odor

  • open mouth breathing

  • excessive coughing

    Discharges:

  • nasal discharge

  • eyes tearing

  • profuse watery diarrhea

Vital Signs:

  • pale mucous membranes

  • elevated body temperature,

    respiratory rate, heart rate

  • slow capillary and jugular refill


Large animal cruelty investigation training animal cruelty investigation flow chart

Initial Observation of Animals

1.Are dead animals present?

YesConsult a local veterinarian for assistance.

No Go to step 2.

2.Are ALL animals in abnormal physical condition?


Initial observation of animals cont d

Initial Observation of Animals cont’d

YesProceed to step 3.

No But some animals appear abnormal and

others normal. Consult a local veterinarian for assistance.


Large animal cruelty investigation training animal cruelty investigation flow chart

Some Abnormal Animals

Status:

  • Are thin animals old?

  • Are thin animals lactating?

  • Are thin animals being overworked?

  • Are newborn animals not nursing?

Causes:

  • infectious diseases

  • metabolic disorders

  • parasitic infestations and infections

  • intoxications


Large animal cruelty investigation training animal cruelty investigation flow chart

Initial Observation of Animals

1.Are dead animals present?

YesConsult a local veterinarian for assistance.

No Go to step 2.

2.Are ALL animals in abnormal physical condition?


Initial observation of animals cont d1

Initial Observation of Animals cont’d

YesProceed to step 3.

No But some animals appear abnormal and

others normal. Consult a local veterinarian for assistance.


All abnormal animals

All Abnormal Animals

3. Are abnormal environmental conditions present?

Note: If such conditions are present and animals are required to live for a prolonged period of time therein, such could constitute cruelty.


Evaluate environmental conditions

Evaluate Environmental Conditions

Facilities:

  • lack of shelter from sun, cold, wind

  • no access to sunlight

  • ongoing muddy conditions

  • absence of drinking water

    Space:

  • confined, close quarters without ventilation

  • overcrowding

  • small space confinement

Sanitation:

  • accumulated animal excrement

  • an excessive foul odor from excrement or carcasses

  • accumulated rodent excrement


All abnormal animals1

All Abnormal Animals

3. Are abnormal environmental conditions present?

Note: If such conditions are present and animals are required to live for a prolonged period of time therein, such could constitute cruelty.


Large animal cruelty investigation training animal cruelty investigation flow chart

YesConsult a local veterinarian for assistance.

NoGo to step 4.


All abnormal animals2

All Abnormal Animals

4.All animals in the group exhibit abnormal physical condition but do not appear to be subject to abnormal environmental conditions.

Note:Failure to provide an adequate supply of drinking water constitutes animal cruelty.

Note:Feeding thin/unthrifty animals at less than maintenance levels constitutes animal cruelty.


All abnormal animals3

All Abnormal Animals

4a.Consider dehydration: Is acceptable drinking

water present?

YesMove on to step 4b.

NoIf possible, do the "skin pinch" test to confirm dehydration. Consult a local veterinarian for assistance.


All abnormal animals4

All Abnormal Animals

4b. Consider malnutrition: Is forage and/or feed

available in sufficient quantity?

YesGo to step 5.

NoEvaluate pasture/feed situation. Consult a local veterinarian for assistance.


Evaluate pasture

Evaluate Pasture

  • accessible ground is bare

  • no grass is available

  • a browse line is apparent on the trees/shrubs

  • bark is missing from trees/fence posts

  • most exposed wood is gnawed


Large animal cruelty investigation training animal cruelty investigation flow chart

Note:The animals without pasture grass must be offered hay and possibly supplemental feed

(ex. grain, pellets, cubes, textured feed, sacked feed, etc).


Evaluate feeding containers

Evaluate Feeding Containers

  • Are racks, troughs, pans, buckets and tubs present?

  • Is there evidence they are frequently used?

  • Are they clean?

  • Saliva in the trough indicates hungry animals.

  • Is there evidence that hay is being fed?

    Horse – at least 1lb hay/100 lb body weight daily

    Cow – at least 1lb hay/100 lb body weight daily


All animals abnormal

All Animals Abnormal

4b. Is forage and/or feed available in sufficient

quantity?

YesGo to step 5.

NoEvaluate pasture/feed situation. Consult a local veterinarian for assistance.


All animals abnormal1

All Animals Abnormal

5.If water and food are provided in ample quantities and the animals do not appear to be subject to abnormal environmental conditions, remaining possibilities include infectious diseases, plant toxins or chemical toxins.

Consult a local veterinarian for assistance.


Record

Record

Local Veterinarian: ________________________________

Phone: _____________________

Date__________________ Time_________________

Location__________________________________________

Animal species_____________________________________

Conclusion________________________________________

Action____________________________________________


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