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TERRORISM IN THE MIDDLE EAST. Meaning & History. There are many definitions of terrorism – hard to reach a consensus. This matters for policy makers, citizens, and the international community. From the 1960s until the late 1980s, the main motives for terrorism were political.

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Presentation Transcript

Meaning history
Meaning & History

  • There are many definitions of terrorism – hard to reach a consensus.

    • This matters for policy makers, citizens, and the international community.

  • From the 1960s until the late 1980s, the main motives for terrorism were political.

  • The nature of terrorism changed overtime with more internationalization, the emergence of religious factors in the 1990s, and the growing acceptance of suicide.




How big is the problem
How Big Is The Problem?

Stats from 2005



Political costs
Political Costs

  • Tensions between the West and the Muslim world

  • Human rights concerns

  • Weakening of transparency, accountability, and democratic rules

    • Ex. = Patriot Act – places limits on freedom

  • Strengthening of authoritarian regimes


  • Short term solutions
    Short-Term Solutions

    • Containment w/ control measures both here & abroad

    • Involve police, intelligence, & military

    • Reduce tension between countries

    • Open debate w/ experts

    • Transparency & accountability within our own gov’t


    Medium long term solutions
    Medium & Long-Term Solutions

    • Prevention

    • Improve information gathering & analysis

    • More diplomacy & foreign aid

    • Better coordination & cooperation within the international community

      • Involve other countries in our dealings with Iraq & Afghanistan

  • UN should have more involvement

  • Negotiate with and offer amnesty to some terrorists?



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