University of florida libraries journal club thursday august 7 2008
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Helping Faculty & Students with THE Academic Commandment. Thou Shalt Not Steal. University of Florida Libraries Journal Club Thursday August 7, 2008. Why do people plagiarize?. Why plagiarize?. Grade/publishing/funding* pressure Cultural acceptance Ignorance of laws/ethical standards

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University of Florida Libraries Journal Club Thursday August 7, 2008

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University of florida libraries journal club thursday august 7 2008

Helping Faculty & Students with THE Academic Commandment

Thou Shalt Not Steal

University of Florida Libraries Journal Club

Thursday August 7, 2008


University of florida libraries journal club thursday august 7 2008

Why do people plagiarize?


Why plagiarize

Why plagiarize?

  • Grade/publishing/funding* pressure

  • Cultural acceptance

  • Ignorance

    • of laws/ethical standards

    • of possible consequences

* Idea of funding pressure courtesy of Sara Russell Gonzalez 8/7/08


High profile cases

High Profile Cases

Image from http://archives.cnn.com/2002/SHOWBIZ/books/10/13/ambrose.death/index.html

  • Stephen Ambrose

    • Source documentation found but some profs remove books from reading lists

  • Doris Kearns Goodwin

    • Suspended from News Hour; speaking gigs canceled;

      resigned from Pulitzer Prize Board, which was asked to rescind her 1995 Pulitzer; book sales dropped 50% after 2002 accusation

  • Elizabeth Paige Laurie

    (Wal-Mart heiress)

    • Had to return her BA in Communications

  • Martin Luther King, Jr.

    • Boston University investigation concluded he had plagiarized portions of his dissertation but didn’t strip him of the degreehttp://www.snopes.com/inboxer/outrage/mlking.asp

Image from http://www.chime.org/infoctr/Annual_MualMtrg/2007.html

Image from http://walmartwatch.com/blog/archives/wal_mart_heiress_returns_college_diploma/


Academic rogues

Academic Rogues

  • University of Frankfurt (Germany) anthropology professor (Reiner von Zeiten) resigned - 2005

    (Accusations included plagiarism, trying to sell archeological artifacts belonging to university and falsifying data)

  • Emory University history professor (Michael Bellesiles) resigned – 2005

  • Oklahoma State U geography professor George O. Carney stripped of “regents” professor title and barred from classroom - 2004

  • US Naval Academy history professor (Brian VanDeMark) demoted to assistant professor, stripped him of tenure, cut his salary by $10K – 2003

All from Chronicle of Higher Ed. For others plagiarists, see Chronicle 51.17 (12/17/04)


Non professorial examples

Non-professorial examples….

  • Valedictorian (Blair Hornstine)

    • Harvard U acceptance revoked on admission of plagiarism 2003

  • 122 introductory physics students investigated at U Va 2001 -- 45 students dismissed, 3 grad degrees revoked

  • 44 at Simon Fraser U in BC suspended 2002, others uncovered during the investigation got failing grades for the course (economics)

  • Bob Dylan & P. Diddy/Puff Daddy Coombs

    • Escaped charges cuz really mixed original and credit—tho small--on cover (see “Plagiarism in Dylan or a Cultural Collage?” NY Times 7/12/03: B7)

  • NY Times staff reporter Jayson Blair

    • resigned 2003

All from NY Times


Majority of cases low profile

Majority of Cases = Low Profile

  • Alan Lessoff, history professor at Illinois State University and editor of The Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, says

    most (professional) cases are low profile cases involving “people who are marginal and insecure in their professional positions.”

From History-Journal Editors Grapple with the Perils of Plagiarism, Chronicle of Higher Education 1/18/08 54(19): A8 http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=6&hid=9&sid=1a714b81-3967-40a1-885f-1c7cb9410830%40RCSM2&bdata=JnNpdGY0ZWhc3QtbGI2ZQ%3d%3d#db=tfh&AN=28551997 accessed 7/27/08


Why else do they do it

Why else do they do it?

  • Technological ease

  • Lack of confidence

  • Lack of skills


Insufficient skills

Insufficient Skills

  • Time management

  • Reading comprehension

  • Verbal self-expression

    • Paraphrasing

    • Vocabulary

  • Higher level thinking

    • Critical thinking

    • Synthesis of ideas, esp from

      different sources


So what

So what?

  • What can WE do about it?

Image fromhttp://www.lipsticklibrarian.com/explains.html


Librarian help for faculty

Librarian Help for Faculty

  • ID sources of plagiarism

    • Google phrases

    • Phrase search (esp. full-text) databases

    • Acquaint with detection software

  • How? Type “5-8 words of unique text”

    • If suspecting “close paraphrasing” shorten the search string to 2 complex, unique words likely to have come from source other than student


Web as detection tool

Web as Detection Tool

Odds of detecting:

  • When material taken from open Web = nearly 100%

  • Google Scholar = better than 50% detection of scholarly articles 2+ yrs old

  • Books = 12-13% as long as books are “recent” (2003-2006)

  • Windows Live Academic=poor plagiarism detector

From Badke, William. Training Plagiarism Detectives: The Law and Order Approach. Online 31 no 6 n/d 2007 p-50-52


Free paper mills

Free Paper Mills

  • Got Essays http://www.gotessays.com/

  • Free Essay Network http://www.freepapers.net

  • Lazy Students http://www.lazystudents.com/

  • My Term papers http://www.mytermpapers.com/

  • Get Free Essays http://www.getfreeessays.com/

Not free:

  • School Sucks http://www.schoolsucks.com/


University of florida libraries journal club thursday august 7 2008

Librarian Help for Faculty

Suggest faculty require students to:

  • Submit paper topics

  • Outlines

  • Rough drafts

  • Work with faculty to restructure assignments

    • harder to plagiarize

    • higher level thinking “proves” student grasp of concepts


  • Bloom s taxonomy 1956 revised by anderson 2001

    Bloom’s Taxonomy(1956)(Revised by Anderson, 2001)

    REMEMBERING

    Recognize, list, describe, identify retrieve, name ….

    Can the student RECALL information?

    UNDERSTANDING

    Interpret, exemplify, summarize…..

    Can the student EXPLAIN ideas or concepts?

    APPLYING

    Apply, use in a new way …

    Can the student USE the new knowledge in another familiar situation?

    ANALYZING

    Compare, organize, deconstruct …

    Can the student DIFFERENTIATE between constituent parts?

    EVALUATING

    Critique, judge, hypothesize ...

    Can the student JUSTIFY a decision or course of action?

    CREATING

    Design, construct, plan, produce ...

    Can the student GENERATE new products, ideas or ways of viewing things ?

    Adapted from: http://www.odu.edu/educ/roverbau/bloom/blooms_taxonomy.htm and http://eprentice.sdsu.edu/J03OJ/miles/Bloomtaxonomy(revised)1.htm


    Resources for faculty

    Resources for Faculty

    • University of Toronto http://www.utoronto.ca/writing/plagiarism.html

    • Plagiarism detection software:

      • Eve http://www.canexus.com/eve/index.shtml

      • Plagiarism Resource Site http://plagiarism.phys.virginia.edu/ (free download)

      • http://www.wordchecksystems.com/ (some free downloading)

      • Scriptum http://www.scriptum.ca

      • Ithenticate http://www.ithenticate.com/index.html

      • Glatt Plagiarism Services http://www.plagiarism.com/index.htm


    Librarian help for students

    Librarian Help for Students

    • In BI:

      • Define plagiarism

      • Describe ways to prevent it

      • Give examples of consequences of accusations

      • Make your instruction discipline-specific (citation standards, professional code of ethics)

    • In reference transactions:

      • Regularly note citation info

    Image from http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/English/exhibits/archives/big/big_49_reading_room.htm


    Exercises

    Exercises

    • Distinguishing plagiarism from legitimate use of sources

      • Appropriate paraphrasing

      • Appropriate use of quotation marks

      • Appropriate citation


    Student oriented resources

    Student-Oriented Resources

    • UC Davis http://sja.ucdavis.edu/files/plagiarism.pdf

    • Indiana University (focus on recognizing appropriate paraphrasing) http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/pamphlets/plagiarism.shtml

    • University of Teeside explanation of different types of plagiarism with real examples, each accompanied by explanation of why a piece of work is considered to be plagiarised (or not!) http://dissc.tees.ac.uk/Plagiarism/Plag-4.htm

    • Purdue University Writing Lab brief, clear overview of what is and isn't acceptable practice http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/02/

    • Rutgers http://searchpath.libraries.rutgers.edu/mod6/01-ideas-citing.php

    • UConn (not as creative as other tools but very brief overview with a bit of interactivity) http://www.lib.uconn.edu/using/tutorials/LILT/plagiarism.htm


    The best

    The Best!

    • The Squawking Parrot tutorial http://www.scc.rutgers.edu/douglass/sal/plagiarism/intro.html

    • “The Cite is Rite” educational game show

      http://library.camden.rutgers.edu/EducationalModule/Plagiarism/citeisright.html

    Worst in terms of being most distracting? http://library.apsu.edu/plagiarism/tutorialFlash/introduction.php based on http://tutorials.sjlibrary.org/tutorial/plagiarism/selector.htm


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