Types of Comedy. Comedy of Ideas Comedy of Manners Farce Low Comedy. Candide uses them all!. Comedy of Ideas.
Candide uses them all!
The reader or audience perceives the folly of the characters. “Consequently, the fun of a comedy usually consists of the reactions of the other characters to the continuing stupidities of the principal character until he finally sees how distorted he is, or the others decide that it would be heartless to make him face his realities… [Comedy] is based on the principle that no man knows what he is, that he cannot see his real mirror images but only what he wants to see.”
Confusion reaches a peak, misunderstanding is dominant, pressure is at a high point, choices must be made and solutions found. The catastrophe—changing or turning point—often introduces a sudden revelation in which a key fact or identity, or event is planned to characters and audience at the same time.
The comic denouement resolves the initial problems and allows for comic resolution which involves “setting things right” at every level of action—individual lives are straightened out, people at odds with each other are reconciled, new families are formed through marriage, and a healthy social order is reestablished.
These are two key features of comedy—characters learn something about themselves, their society or the way to love and live.
Their education makes it possible for them to improve, and by implication, for the world to improve. Alternately, some comedies educate the audience and or reader.