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# Observation/Inferences PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Observation/Inferences. What do these two words mean? . Observations. Observations: We use our senses to gather information about the world around us. There are two types of observations. Qualitative. Qualitative observation: (quality) Uses words. Usually made with our senses.

Observation/Inferences

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## Observation/Inferences

What do these two words mean?

### Observations

• Observations: We use our senses to gather information about the world around us. There are two types of observations.

### Qualitative

• Qualitative observation: (quality) Uses words. Usually made with our senses.

• See, Hear, Touch, Taste, Smell.

Examples:

• Brutus is wearing a Scarlet and Gray Long Sleeve Shirt.

• The lab tabletop is smooth.

### Quantitative

• Quantitative observation: (quantity)

How many? Will always have a number Based on exact measurement.

Examples:

• The room is 8 meters across.

• Thelma is 141-cm tall.

• Earl weighs 68,100 Grams.

### Inferences

• Inference:

• A logical interpretation of an event that is based on observations and prior knowledge.

• What does this mean in 6th grade terms?

### Making Inferences

• You are at the counter in the office to get a bus pass signed. You see a student leave the principal’s office crying and upset. We could make an inference as to why the student is upset.

• Could be in trouble (Lunch Detention, ALC)

• Family problems at home (sick, accident)

• Student not feeling well

• Student has poor grades (failing, retention)

Observation – Based on the five senses:

Sight

Smell

Touch

Taste

Hearing

A visible or provable fact.

For example, the whiteboard is white

Inference – Based on prior knowledge or opinion

For example, that dog looks ugly! Sorry Mrs. Snider!

### Observation vs. Inference

OBSERVATIONS

That plant is extremely wilted.

The car stopped running

There is 1 round table in this room.

INFERENCES

That plant is extremely wilted due to a lack of water.

The car stopped running because it was out of gas.

There is one round table in this room because Mr. Burger likes Rectangles better.

### Observation vs Inference

• List 2 Qualitative Observations

• List 2 Quantitative Observations

• List 1 Inference

### Observation vs Inference

• List 2 Qualitative Observations

• List 2 Quantitative Observations

• List 1 Inference

### Observation vs Inference

• List 2 Qualitative Observations

• List 2 Quantitative Observations

• List 1 Inference