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### Observation/Inferences

What do these two words mean?

Observations

- Observations: We use our senses to gather information about the world around us. There are two types of observations.

Qualitative

- Qualitative observation: (quality) Uses words. Usually made with our senses.
- See, Hear, Touch, Taste, Smell.
Examples:

- Brutus is wearing a Scarlet and Gray Long Sleeve Shirt.
- The lab tabletop is smooth.

Quantitative

- Quantitative observation: (quantity)
How many? Will always have a number Based on exact measurement.

Examples:

- The room is 8 meters across.
- Thelma is 141-cm tall.
- Earl weighs 68,100 Grams.

Inferences

- Inference:
- A logical interpretation of an event that is based on observations and prior knowledge.

- What does this mean in 6th grade terms?

Making Inferences

- You are at the counter in the office to get a bus pass signed. You see a student leave the principal’s office crying and upset. We could make an inference as to why the student is upset.
- Could be in trouble (Lunch Detention, ALC)
- Family problems at home (sick, accident)
- Student not feeling well
- Student has poor grades (failing, retention)

Observation – Based on the five senses:

Sight

Smell

Touch

Taste

Hearing

A visible or provable fact.

For example, the whiteboard is white

Inference – Based on prior knowledge or opinion

For example, that dog looks ugly! Sorry Mrs. Snider!

Observation vs. InferenceThat plant is extremely wilted.

The car stopped running

There is 1 round table in this room.

INFERENCES

That plant is extremely wilted due to a lack of water.

The car stopped running because it was out of gas.

There is one round table in this room because Mr. Burger likes Rectangles better.

ExamplesObservation vs Inference

- List 2 Qualitative Observations
- List 2 Quantitative Observations
- List 1 Inference

Observation vs Inference

- List 2 Qualitative Observations
- List 2 Quantitative Observations
- List 1 Inference

Observation vs Inference

- List 2 Qualitative Observations
- List 2 Quantitative Observations
- List 1 Inference

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