History of american farm technology
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History of American Farm Technology. Foundations of Agriculture and Natural Resources . 16 th – 18 th Centuries. Oxen and horses for power Crude wooden plows, all sowing by hand, Cultivating by a hoe Hay and grain cutting with a sickle and threshing with flail . 1776-1799.

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History of American Farm Technology

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History of american farm technology

History of American Farm Technology

Foundations of Agriculture and Natural Resources


16 th 18 th centuries

16th – 18th Centuries

Oxen and horses for power

Crude wooden plows, all sowing by hand, Cultivating by a hoe

Hay and grain cutting with a sickle and threshing with flail


1776 1799

1776-1799

1790 Cradle and Scythe Introduced

1793 Invention of the cotton gin

1794 Thomas Jefferson’s Moldboard plow tested

1797 Charles Newbold patented first cast-iron plow


1800 1829

1800-1829

1819 Jethro wood patented iron plow with interchangeable parts

1819-1825 U.S. Food canning industry established


1830 s

1830’s

1830 About 250-300 labor hours required to produce 100 bushels of wheat (Five Acres).


History of american farm technology

1834 McCormick reaper patented

John Lane began to manufacture plows faced with steel blades


History of american farm technology

1837 John Deere and Leonard Andrus began manufacturing steel plows


History of american farm technology

1840

1840’s the growing use of factory made agricultural machinery increased farmers’ need for cash and encouraged commercial farming


1840 s

1840’s

1841 Practical grain drill patented

1842 First grain elevator, Buffalo, NY

1844 Practical mowing machine patented

1847 Irrigation began in Utah

1849 Mixed Chemical Fertilizers sold commercially


1850 s

1850’s

1850 about 75-90 labor hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn 2 ½ acres

1850-1870 Expanded market for agproducts brought adoption of improved technology and resulting increase in farm production


1850 s1

1850’s

1854 Self governing windmill perfected

1856 2 horse straddle row cultivator patented


1860 s

1860’s

Change from hand power to horse

1865-75 Gang plows and sulky plows came into use

1868 Steam tractors were tried out

Spring tooth harrow or seedbed preparation appeared


1870 s

1870’s

  • 1870’s silos came into use

    • Deep well Drilling first widely used

    • 1874 Glidden barbed wire patented

    • Availability of barbed wire allowed fencing of rangeland, ending era of unrestricted open-range grazing


1880 s

1880’s

William Deering put 3000 twine binders on the market

1884-90 Horse drawn combine used in Pacific coast wheat areas


1890 s

1890’s

  • 1890-95

    • Cream separators came into wide use

    • 1890-99 Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer 1,845,900 tons


1890 s1

1890’s

Agriculture became increasingly mechanized and commercialized

1890 35-40 labor hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn 2 ½ acres


1900 s

1900’s

1900-1909 Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer 3,738,300 tons

1900-1910 George Washington Carver, pioneered in new uses for peanuts, sweet potatoes, and soybeans, thus helping to diversify southern agriculture


1910 s

1910’s

1910-1915 Big open geared gas tractor came into use in areas of extensive farming

1915-20 Enclosed gears developed for tractors

1918 Small prairie-type combine with auxiliary engine introduced


1920 s

1920’s

1920-1929 Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer 6,845,800 tons

1920-40 Gradual increase in farm production resulting from expanded use of mechanized power

1926 Successful light tractor developed


1930 s

1930’s

1930 One farmer supplied 9.8 persons in the United States and abroad

15-20 Labor hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn


1940 s

1940’s

1945 Change from horses to tractors – The second great ag. Revolution

10-14 labor hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn


1950 s

1950’s

1950-59 Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer 22,340,666

1950 One farmer supplied 15.5 persons in the U.S. and abroad


1950 s1

1950’s

1954 Number of tractors on farms exceeded the number of horses and mules for the first time

1955 6½ labor hours required to produce 100 acres of wheat


1960 s

1960’s

1960 One farmer supplied 25.8 persons in the United States and abroad

1965 5 labor hours required to produce 100 bushels of wheat

1965 Federal loans and grants for water/sewer systems began


1970 s

1970’s

1970 No tillage Ag. Popularized

One farmer supplied 75.8 persons in the U.S. and abroad

1975 3½ labor hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn


1980 1990

1980-1990

1980’s More farmers use no till or low till

1987 2 ¾ hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn 1 1/8th acre

1989 More farmers began to use low input sustainable agriculture to decrease chemical applications


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