《 英汉语篇翻译教程 》. 著者：范守义、郭立秋、贾令仪 2011 年 6-9 月. 译文讲评： Text A (PPT v 2.0). Text A: IMMIGRANTS TAKE TO U.S. STREETS IN SHOW OF STRENGTH. Passage 4:. 第 1 段第 1 句前半句. skip v.tr.
译文讲评：Text A (PPT v 2.0)
Text A: IMMIGRANTS TAKE TO U.S. STREETS IN SHOW OF STRENGTH
1. To leap or jump lightly over: skip rope. 2. a. To pass over without mentioning; omit: skipped the minor details of the story. b. To miss or omit as one in a series: My heart skipped a beat. 3. To cause to bounce lightly over a surface; skim. 4. To be promoted beyond (the next grade or level). 5. Informal To leave hastily: The fugitive skipped town. 6. Informal To fail to attend: We skipped science class again.
Hundreds of thousands of immigrants and their supporters skipped work, school and shopping on Monday.
“… in dozens of cities from coast to coast”，
… conveyed in peaceful but sometimes boisterous ways.
Originally billed as a nationwide economic boycott under the banner “Day Without an Immigrant,”
1. An itemized list or statement of fees or charges.
2. A statement or list of particulars, such as a theater program or menu.
3. The entertainment offered by a theater.
4. A public notice, such as an advertising poster.
a. A piece of legal paper money: a ten-dollar bill.
b. Slang One hundred dollars.
6. a. A bill of exchange. b. Obsolete A promissory note.
7. a. A draft of a proposed law presented for approval to a legislative body. b. The law enacted from such a draft: a bottle bill in effect in three states; the GI Bill.
8. Law A document presented to a court and containing a formal statement of a case, complaint, or petition.
tr.v.billed, bill•ing, bills
1. To present a statement of costs or charges to.
2. To enter on a statement of costs or on a particularized list.
3. a. To advertise or schedule by public notice or as part of a program.
b. To declare or describe officially; proclaim: a policy that was billed as an important departure for the administration.
… the day evolved into a sweeping round of protests，
1. comprehensive and wide-ranging sweeping reforms
2. indiscriminate or without reservations sweeping statements
3. decisive or overwhelming a sweeping victory
4. taking in a wide area a sweeping glance
5. driving steadily onwards, esp over a large area a sweeping attack
The protesters, a mix of illegal immigrants and legal residents and citizens, were mostly Latino.
… opponents of the war in Iraq and others without a direct stake in the immigration debate took to the streets.
1. A piece of wood or metal pointed at one end for driving into the ground as a marker, fence pole, or tent peg.
2. a. A vertical post to which an offender is bound for execution by burning.
b. Execution by burning. Used with the:condemned to the stake.
3. A vertical post secured in a socket at the edge of a platform, as on a truck bed, to help retain the load.
4. Mormon Church A territorial division consisting of a group of wards under the jurisdiction of a president.
5. Sports & Games
a. A share or an interest in an enterprise, especially a financial share.
b. Personal interest or involvement: a stake in her children’s future.
7. A grubstake.
比较：Earnings may not benefit individuals or stake-holders. .... employees are not accountable to anybody with a direct stake in the organization.
I think it’s only fair that I speak up for those who can’t speak for themselves,” said Aimee Hernandez.
But among those who favor stricter controls on illegal immigration, the protests hardly impressed.
When the rule of lawis dictatedby a mob of illegal aliens taking to the streets, especially under a foreign flag, then that means the nation is not governed by a rule of law—it is a mobocracy,”
[I or T] to give orders, or state something exactly, with total authority The UN will dictate the terms of troop withdrawal from the region.
[+ question word] He disagrees with the government dictating what children are taught in schools.
[+ that ] The tennis club rules dictate that suitable footwear must be worn on the courts.
[T] to influence something or make it necessary The party’s change of policy has been dictated by its need to win back the support of voters.
[+ that ] I wanted to take a year off, but my financial situation dictated that I got a job.
Stores and restaurants in Los Angeles, Chicago and New York closedbecause workers did not show up,
1. To move (a door, for example) so that an opening or passage is covered or obstructed; shut.
2. To bar access to: closed the road for repairs.
3. To fill or stop up: closed the cracks with plaster.
4. To stop the operations of permanently or temporarily: closed down the factory.
5. To make unavailable for use: closed the area to development; closed the database to further changes.
6. To bring to an end; terminate: close a letter; close a bank account.
7. To bring together all the elements or parts of: Management closed ranks and ostracized the troublemaker.
8. To join or unite; bring into contact: close a circuit.
9. To draw or bind together the edges of: close a wound.
10. Sports To modify (one’s stance), as in baseball or golf, by turning the body so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact with the ball.
11. To complete the final details or negotiations on: close a deal.
12. Archaic To enclose on all sides.
1. To become shut: The door closed quietly.
2. To come to an end; finish: The book closes on a hopeful note.
3. To reach an agreement; come to terms.
4. To cease operation: The shop closes at six.
5. To be priced or listed at a specified amount when trading ends: Stocks closed higher on Monday.
a. To engage at close quarters: closed with the enemy.
b. To draw near: The orbiter closed with the space station in preparation for docking.
7. To come together: My arms closed around the little child.
8. Baseball To finish a game by protecting a lead. Used of relief pitchers.
… or as a display of solidarity with demonstrators.
1. the state or quality of being one; oneness
2. the act, state, or quality of forming a whole from separate parts
3. something whole or complete that is composed of separate parts
4. mutual agreement; harmony or concord the participants were no longer in unity
5. uniformity or constancy unity of purpose
6. (Mathematics) Maths :
a. the number or numeral one b. a quantity assuming the value of one the area of the triangle was regarded as unity c. the element of a set producing no change in a number following multiplication
7. (Fine Arts & Visual Arts / Art Terms) the arrangement of the elements in a work of art in accordance with a single overall design or purpose
8. (Performing Arts / Theatre) any one of the three principles of dramatic structure deriving from Aristotle's Poetics by which the action of a play should be limited to a single plot (unity of action), a single location (unity of place), and the events of a single day (unity of time)
[from Old French unité, from Latin ūnitās, from ūnus one]
… more than half a million people attended two demonstrations in and near downtown.
… at Benito Juarez High School in Pilsen，
British Education System Flowchart
US Education System
… which contribute more than half the nation’s produce，
Truckers who move 70 percent of the goods in ports in Los Angeles and Long Beach, Calif., did not work.