Mobilizing for war
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Mobilizing for War . Again…. Building an Army…. Selective Training and Service Act (1940)- First peacetime draft in U.S. history! At first, men 21-35 had to register. Later men 18-45 were included (up to 65) 16 million Americans served in the military (10 million were draftees)

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Mobilizing for War

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Mobilizing for war

Mobilizing for War

Again…


Building an army

Building an Army…

Selective Training and Service Act (1940)- First peacetime draft in U.S. history!

At first, men 21-35 had to register. Later men 18-45 were included (up to 65)

16 million Americans served in the military (10 million were draftees)

At one point, 200,000 men were being drafted per month!

1 million African Americans served

300,000 Mexican Americans served


Wartime economy

Wartime Economy-

Production boomed factories made guns, jeeps, tanks, ammunition

War Production Board (WPB)- Supervised the conversion of factories to wartime production

Banned production of cars (1942-1946)

Later becomes the Office of War Mobilization (OWM)

Organized scrap drives

Rationing (controlling) amounts of goods available for use

Used ration coupons for coffee, gas, meat, shoes

Large families got more coupons


Wartime economy1

Wartime Economy

Office of War Information (OWI)- kept public aware of government policies

Warned of German and Japanese spies!

Government increased taxes- Everyone paid for the first time! (paid 40% of our expenses)

Sold war bonds (borrowed the rest)


Women girl power

Women- Girl Power!!

Went to work!!- 19 million women went to work in factories, agriculture, transportation, office work, government jobs

300,000 women in the Armed forces

Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC)

Women’s Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs)

Helped run communications, flew planes, nurses


Mobilizing for war

#3


Opportunities and obstacles at home

Opportunities and Obstacles at Home

African Americans still faced discrimination

A. Philip Randolph- African American labor leader, organized a march on D.C. to protest unfair treatment of African American workers

Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC)- created to prevent discrimination in war industries and government jobs


Opportunities and obstacles at home1

Opportunities and Obstacles at Home

Mexican Americans also faced discrimination

Braceros- Mexican workers allowed to enter the U.S. to help fill job vacancies

200,000 came to work

Zoot-Suit Riots- June 1943

Sailors and Marines in LA attacked Mexican American men wearing Zoot Suits

Mobs roamed the city attacking men randomly


How did the war affect african americans and mexican americans

How did the war affect African Americans and Mexican Americans?

Benefitted from economic opportunities and higher wages

Continued to face discrimination and unequal treatment


Japanese americans 4b

Japanese Americans (4b)

People were very ANGRY after Pearl Harbor!!

Fearing spies and sabotage the U.S. government began the process of internment in 1942

Government forcibly relocated and imprisoned Japanese Americans

Moved to camps and kept under guard


Propaganda posters

Propaganda Posters


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